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With reference to an LEDC you have studied, describe and explain how its population distribution is related to human and physical resources.

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Introduction

With reference to an LEDC you have studied, describe and explain how its population distribution is related to human and physical resources. China is a very large country; it extends from the East China Sea to western Tibet. China's population is not evenly distributed over this huge country; the people are densely clustered in some areas, whereas other parts are very sparsely populated indeed. Most of them are engaged in cultivating the land, and live I villages and towns in the rural areas. The population distribution is affected by the climate of the region and the terrain. Mountainous or desert areas are very sparsely populated due to the poor infrastructure and the inaccessibility of the area. The population density is also affected by the presence of raw materials such as coal and iron. The fertility of the land is another factor affecting the population distribution there is more likely to be a denser population were the land has a high fertility rate than an area of poor fertility. ...read more.

Middle

Central China includes the cities of lower Changjiang and its delta lands. The area is densely populated due to the natural resources of the area which have caused a number of industrial towns to spring up, each with over a million inhabitants, the area around Shanghai live some 12 million people. The region is well served by waterways and railways. Shanghai for example receives raw materials and manufactured goods from towns on the rivers and canals, as well as from ocean- going and coastal vessels. There are steelworks, oil refineries, petro- chemical works, and electronic industries and appropriately, for a city serving a rich agricultural countryside, it produces light tractors and trucks. The natural grassland of the area is either left for grazing or ploughed for the planting of cereals such as maize and wheat and for vegetables. Rice is also farmed in the area. South east china has a tropical monsoon climate, ideal for growing rice, and warm moist winters for fruit. ...read more.

Conclusion

This region is China's most important heavy industrial region due to the coal and good rail links to the area. Many of the steelworks and heavy industries that were built by Japan were destroyed at the end of the war; the Russians built iron and steel plants which helped China reconstruction. Progress continued and the industrial cities expanded. Now China is again using foreign expertise and equipment to install plant and introduce new technology. As a result of these industrial towns the region is densely populated. The area also contains the Chinese capital Beijing which in itself has a high population density. In general most people live on the eastern lowlands, but they are also closely settled to farmlands in other regions- on low plateaus and in the wide basins within the highlands. Much of western China is too high and rugged, with winters too cold and the growing season too short for cultivation. As one would expect with a huge increasing population and such densely populate d regions, there are many large towns and cities. ...read more.

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