• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to named examples, explain how governments are attempting to overcome the problems of rapid urbanisation.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

With reference to named examples, explain how governments are attempting to overcome the problems of rapid urbanisation. Urbanisation is the rapid movement of people from rural areas into urban areas. This generally occurred in MEDC's in the mid 19th Century, and is currently occurring in LEDC's. Urbanisation has many negative effects on a city, these can include deindustrialisation, housing problems, ethnic minority groups and poor quality of life. Deindustrialisation is the movement of manufacturing industries away from inner city areas. New technologies which start up in the area require a smaller work force. This leads to unemployment. What jobs are available are split into two jobs with half the wage, this leads to under employment where people can barely afford to live. ...read more.

Middle

Quality of life criteria have been used to highlight the substandard housing, educational disadvantage, ill-health, deprivation and poor environments (e.g. pollution). The residential populations typically include those least able to move such as the elderly and recent immigrants. A number of policies have been introduced to try to reduce the problems of inner-cities, these include; gentrification, conservation and rehabilitation and central government policies. Gentrification is the term used to describe the improvement of old buildings usually by private investment. The external of the appearance of the building is restored to its original quality and the interior is modernised. Gentrification can involve housing directly, like the Georgian terraces of London, another example is the Docklands Development Scheme where old factories or warehouses have been converted into houses. ...read more.

Conclusion

These policies include grants enterprising zones and city action teams. The London Docklands Development Corporation started a massive project in redesigning the Docklands, they built the light railway the city airport, new housing areas and new industrial opportunities. Much redevelopment has taken place in Salford Docks, in Manchester, where hotels, houses, factories, warehouses and a leisure complex have all been added to the Dockland area. In conclusion, urbanisation has caused many problems in both MEDC's and LEDC's, the governments of these areas have been trying to counteract these problems by reversing them or slowing them down. The solutions are often expensive but have many positive effects to the area. The aims of these policies are to improve the quality of life for the people in the inner city areas and to provide better opportunities for them. Many of these solutions have provided these results. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amye Harrison ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. The London Docklands Redevelopment

    To make the whole area seem a little more attractive and better to the wildlife, parks were put in place, with many new trees planted. Since 1981, the number of employers has more than doubled from 1021 to 2690.

  2. Counter Urbanisation

    Commuters They might be affected because getting to work might become a problem due to congestion at peak times. It might force some people to drive a longer way to get to work. This congestion and further traveling distances could add to the greenhouse effect.

  1. What is meant by the term Urbanisation?

    Men in search of work take their families into the inner city. Women are unable to choose whether they want to stay behind with the family as they are still tied to tradition of being under the control of their husbands.

  2. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    Neither were there proper fast and hard wearing trains or train stations. The main transport was by ships, and this was very slow, not to mention the docks were also packed. At this point counter-urbanization was taking place; all of the urban qualities of the area were being stripped off the Docklands.

  1. To what extent are the problems created by rapid recent urban growth in LEDC's ...

    It has been said that breathing the air in Mexico City is the equivalent of smoking sixty cigarettes a day. In 1994 the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared that the quality of the air in Mexico City was only acceptable on twenty days of the year.

  2. What are the effects on urban areas of rapid urbanisation

    Due to the extreme rate of natural growth, and migration to Sao Paulo, the city cannot develop at a fast enough rate, resulting in a lack of housing. Due to a high demand in housing, the house prices can be increased, meaning the poorer people are forced to build their own squatter settlements.

  1. The process of urbanisation in Australian history.

    26 Yet, as attractive as the cities were, people still encountered the problems of rapidly urbanising cities. Sanitation in the suburbs was a major problem as urbanisation increased. By the end of the 1860's Victoria had experienced a cholera scare, a smallpox outbreak and it also had periodic outbreaks of

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    3 Dams Flood Control Facts n Figures: 100 millions of earth removed and 27 million tonnes of dam put in Costs �17 billion in China, on the River Yangtzee Intended to occur between 1994 - 2003 1000km2 of reservoir with 185m walls 26 generators producing 18,000MW electricity Involves flooding 120

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work