• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to named examples, explain how governments are attempting to overcome the problems of rapid urbanisation.

Extracts from this document...


With reference to named examples, explain how governments are attempting to overcome the problems of rapid urbanisation. Urbanisation is the rapid movement of people from rural areas into urban areas. This generally occurred in MEDC's in the mid 19th Century, and is currently occurring in LEDC's. Urbanisation has many negative effects on a city, these can include deindustrialisation, housing problems, ethnic minority groups and poor quality of life. Deindustrialisation is the movement of manufacturing industries away from inner city areas. New technologies which start up in the area require a smaller work force. This leads to unemployment. What jobs are available are split into two jobs with half the wage, this leads to under employment where people can barely afford to live. ...read more.


Quality of life criteria have been used to highlight the substandard housing, educational disadvantage, ill-health, deprivation and poor environments (e.g. pollution). The residential populations typically include those least able to move such as the elderly and recent immigrants. A number of policies have been introduced to try to reduce the problems of inner-cities, these include; gentrification, conservation and rehabilitation and central government policies. Gentrification is the term used to describe the improvement of old buildings usually by private investment. The external of the appearance of the building is restored to its original quality and the interior is modernised. Gentrification can involve housing directly, like the Georgian terraces of London, another example is the Docklands Development Scheme where old factories or warehouses have been converted into houses. ...read more.


These policies include grants enterprising zones and city action teams. The London Docklands Development Corporation started a massive project in redesigning the Docklands, they built the light railway the city airport, new housing areas and new industrial opportunities. Much redevelopment has taken place in Salford Docks, in Manchester, where hotels, houses, factories, warehouses and a leisure complex have all been added to the Dockland area. In conclusion, urbanisation has caused many problems in both MEDC's and LEDC's, the governments of these areas have been trying to counteract these problems by reversing them or slowing them down. The solutions are often expensive but have many positive effects to the area. The aims of these policies are to improve the quality of life for the people in the inner city areas and to provide better opportunities for them. Many of these solutions have provided these results. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amye Harrison ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. The London Docklands Redevelopment

    To make the whole area seem a little more attractive and better to the wildlife, parks were put in place, with many new trees planted. Since 1981, the number of employers has more than doubled from 1021 to 2690.

  2. Counter Urbanisation

    How might the following groups of people be affected by the changes in the village: Local landowners Their land might be needed to be cleared to make way for new housing or new roads. They would obviously receive compensation but that might still not be able to please the land owners.

  1. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    Neither were there proper fast and hard wearing trains or train stations. The main transport was by ships, and this was very slow, not to mention the docks were also packed. At this point counter-urbanization was taking place; all of the urban qualities of the area were being stripped off the Docklands.

  2. To what extent are the problems created by rapid recent urban growth in LEDC's ...

    Due to the city being built on dried lakebeds where huge amounts of waste matter has been dumped over the years on open sites there are new problems of winds uplifting dust and spreading it over the south east and north east adding to the smog situation.

  1. What are the effects on urban areas of rapid urbanisation

    Due to the extreme rate of natural growth, and migration to Sao Paulo, the city cannot develop at a fast enough rate, resulting in a lack of housing. Due to a high demand in housing, the house prices can be increased, meaning the poorer people are forced to build their own squatter settlements.

  2. Locality and Hapiness: A Study of Quality of Life

    of people that employed and unemployed in the three urban areas. Upminster had both the highest number of employed people 64% and the lowest number of unemployed people out of the three areas, 1.7%. Barking then came next with a slightly lower number of people who were employed, 56% and

  1. Examples of Problems of ELDCs and how they are attempted to be solved

    The traffic of Bangkok has affected everyday life greatly. For example, to make school on time, young students are waken up at 4:30am. The 'day-span' is very short. Although Bangkok has not resolved this problem yet, it is definitely taking some measures.

  2. Discuss the solutions implemented by governments of developing nations to deal with the issues ...

    This company provides Nigeria with mapping and GIS provision has helped develop a competition to develop one solution to Lagos? major crime problems. The competition invites the people of Nigeria to enter their online map-based Crime Reporting app development competition to create an innovative online map-based solution that helps victims

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work