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An outline and evaluation of reasons people can maintain a healthy lifestyle into old age

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Introduction

In modern society, the condition of people's health and how to maintain healthy into old age has become an important issue for human beings. However, it is affected by a wide variety of factors, from the genes that people inherit from their parents to the climate they live in and the work they do (Deacon, 2004). Nevertheless, there are increasing scientific evidences that show people's lifestyles play a significant part in how healthy they are now and when they are getting old (NHS Lothian, 2006). A healthy lifestyle is a way of living that reduces the risks of being seriously ill or dying early, and makes people enjoy more aspects of the life (World Health Organization, n.d). According to NHS Lothian (2006), from what people eat and drink, to how much exercise they take, and whether they smoke or take drugs, and how their temperaments are, and whether they are optimistic or not will affect their health. This essay will outline and describe the factors that enable people to maintain a healthy lifestyle into old age, which includes both physical factors and mental factors. ...read more.

Middle

It can help people prevent obesity, and regular physical activity is associated with a decreased risk of cancer (Vuori, 1998). In addition, limited alcohol intake is another physical factor of being healthy into old age. There is strong evidence which indicates that too much alcohol increases the risk of several cancers, it can also make it difficult to maintain a healthy weight (The Royal Marsden, n.d). Finally, not smoking is an effective way to prevent human bodies from diseases into old age. This is because cigarette smoke contains almost 4,000 compounds, some of which are known to be cancer-causing (NHS Lothian, 2006). As a consequence, the physical factors might be the basic reason for populations' maintaining fit into old age. However, there could be another aspect which can support the physical factors, it is the mental elements. It involves individual personality, attitude to the stress, socialising with others and positive thinking. Firstly, as Deacon (2004) claimed, a calm temper enhances successful ageing. Also according to Watkins (2006), "anger is one of the seven deadly sins and one of the most toxic emotions which can seriously impair our health." ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall, the mental elements might also play an important role in maintaining a healthy lifestyle into old age, and they could develop a healthy lifestyle together with the physical factors. It can be considerably said that a calm temperament, optimistic attitudes to the stress, active social activities and positive thinking can give a supportive function to the physical factors for people's health. As is well-known that the physical reasons such as healthy eating, enough exercise, limited alcohol intake and not smoking are the foundation of keeping healthy into old age. However, the mental elements are likely to be forgotten by modern people. Therefore, this essay has listed and described both the physical and mental factors that enable people to maintain a healthy lifestyle into old age. It can be considerably said that a calm temperament, optimistic attitudes to the stress, active social activities and positive thinking can give a supportive function to the physical factors for people's keeping healthy into old age. Consequently, the reasons people can maintain a healthy lifestyle into old age should be based on healthy eating, enough exercise, limited alcohol intake and not smoking, meanwhile develop a calm temperament, optimistic attitudes to the stress, active social activities and positive thinking to everything. ...read more.

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