• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Choose three complementary therapies- acupuncture, aromatherapy, hypnotherapy, homeopathy, osteopathy or reflexology. Describe the therapies chosen, together with their origins, philosophy and contraindications.

Extracts from this document...


Friday 31^st January 2003 BTEC National Diploma In Health Studies Complementary Therapies Task 1 Choose three complementary therapies- acupuncture, aromatherapy, hypnotherapy, homeopathy, osteopathy or reflexology. Describe the therapies chosen, together with their origins, philosophy and contraindications. Reflexology The principle of reflexology is that there are reflexes in both feet and hands that correspond to every gland, organ and system in the body. The origin of reflexology dates back over 5000 years to Egypt and China, we know this by a wall painting in an ancient Egyptian tomb dating back to 2330 BC at Saqqara (south of Cairo). Modern reflexology dates back to 1902 when an American ear, nose and throat specialist (Dr William Fitzgerald), rediscovered it and published his findings. Which were that pressure on certain parts of the body seemed to have calming effects in other areas in the body. There are many theories, which clarify how reflexology works. For example William Fitzgerald believed that it's effect on the body was 'analgesic relaxing and nerve blocking'. Another theory is that it stimulates the body to release endorphins and encephalins (which are natural pain relievers and mood enhancers). There are many contraindications to reflexology; the following are reasons why people should not undergo the treatment; � Without the permission of the their doctor, if they are currently being treated for an illness. ...read more.


Task 2 Using the therapies that you have chosen, analyse the applications of the different complementary therapies. Reflexology In the 1930's Eunice Ingham, used William Fitzgerald's findings on reflexology, as a starting point where she mapped the feet to reflect zones in the whole body. Ingham then went on to develop a system of compression massage on the feet (mainly on the soles), which is also known as 'thumb walking'. On the next page is a diagram of the soles of a pair of feet. This diagram show's which parts of the feet are supposed to correspond with what parts of the body, for example all the main organs. The diagram on the previous page illustrates how zones on the feet are thought to correspond with different parts of the body. It is believed that illness shows up as tender spots on the reflex area of the organs that are affected, and by applying a soothing massage to the correct points on the foot, it can treat almost any area or organ of the body. It is believed that illness occurs because of a blockage in the body's 'energy channels', Reflexology is directed at breaking down these blockages, allowing energy to flow freely again. Aromatherapy In aromatherapy there is more than one technique that is used to administer essential oils into the body. ...read more.


The practice of acupuncture may differ from place to place, but the concept remains the same, but it all originates from 'the traditional acupuncture' theory, which is based on the Daoist idea of yin and yang. Task 3 Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of different complementary therapies. Reflexology Advantages of reflexology are that it leaves the client feeling relaxed, happy and less stressed. Also doctors believe that little harm can come from this therapy and the majority of people find it very beneficial. It has been known to help with problems such as digestion, constipation, fluid retention (swollen legs), stress and fatigue. Aromatherapy There are many advantages to aromatherapy, for example- it can be an effective stress reliever and helps to counteract PMS, insomnia anxiety and depression. Aromatherapy oils can be mixed to help ease muscle strain, rebalance skin problems, help with respiratory and circulatory problems and to help strengthen the immune system Disadvantages of aromatherapy can be by the misuse/overuse of essential oils, which can have adverse effects on certain people. For it can cause headaches and a general feeling of nausea. This is not true in all cases for certain aromatic smells can have this affect on certain people, without there being any misuse of the oils. Acupuncture Advantages to acupuncture are that it is beneficial for skin problems, especially eczema. Also it is known to help with chronic fatigue, ME, menstrual and menopausal problems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Complementary Therapies

    Minimal Dose The remedy is taken in an extremely dilute form; normally one part of the remedy to around 1,000,000,000,000 parts of water. The Single Remedy No matter how many symptoms are experienced, only one remedy is taken, and that remedy will be aimed at all those symptoms.

  2. Physiological disorder

    Peak flow An individual that suffer from asthma is advised form the doctor or the nurse to take a peak flow examination. A peak flow examination is to show the doctor how hard and quickly the person blows air out of their lungs.

  1. P2 - Physiology of fluid balance

    A term known as; osmotic pressure is used to describe the pressure which is exerted by large molecules to draw water to them. 'Plasma proteins in blood plasma have an osmotic pressure necessary to return tissue fluid.'

  2. mechanisms of fatigue

    Therefore, the heart rate and respiratory rate should remain elevated for a period of time after the main exercise has been complete in order to allow for the pay back of the oxygen debt. After a session of dynamic exercise, five events must happen before the muscle can operate again:

  1. Measuring pain

    A commonly used example of an observation tool for, assessing pain behaviour is the UAB Pain Behaviour Scale designed by Richards et al (1982). This scale consists of ten target behaviours and observers have to rate how frequently each occurs.

  2. Alternative Therapies Essay - Reflexology and Energy

    Another source of energy can be from food and nourishment, allowing us to function as human beings. For example to enable a car to do its job we must fill it with fuel the same applies to our bodies. Energy can also be a source of light used in Chakra

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work