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Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each life stage.

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Introduction

P1 ? Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each stage. Amy Watson Group D Conception: 9 months before birth The beginning of someone?s life is always conception. Each month a fertile woman usually produces one egg roughly two weeks after her last menstrual period. The egg travels down the fallopian tube towards the uterus. If the egg is in the fallopian tube when sexual intercourse happens then there is a possibility of conception. Just one sperm may fertilise the egg, this means that the genetic material in the sperm joins with the genetic material in the egg to start a new life. Pregnancy (gestation): 9 months to birth Pregnancy begins when the sperm penetrates the egg, which then begins to divide in one to one and a half days later. Then after two or three days there are enough cells to make the fertilised egg the size of a pinhead. The cells travel towards the uterus and become anchored this is now called an embryo and it is attached to the uterus wall by a placenta. Once the embryo is attached to the wall of the uterus a chemical signal stops the women from having another menstrual period. Eight weeks along the line the embryo may have gown between 3 and 4cm; it has a recognisable heartbeat and the beginnings of eyes, ears, a mouth, legs and arms. Here the growing organism is called a foetus. In the remaining 7 months before birth, all the organs continue to develop and by 20 weeks, the foetus will have reached about half the length of the baby at birth. ...read more.

Middle

Children learn to co-operate with other children, this is co-operate play. As they grow older they will become more independent and begin to form friendships based on sense of mutual trust, theses friendships become increasingly important, as the children grow older towards adolescence. Children?s imagination helps them to understand the social roles that other people play and they begin to imagine ?me?- an idea of self. Relationships with other members of the family may influence how a child feels valued- a sense of self worth. The way a child gets on with people may have an impact on their self-confidence. Adolescence: 10-18 years Between the ages of eleven and thirteen girls often start puberty but some may start earlier. Girls often start puberty early but boys usually start between the ages of thirteen and fifteen years if age. All this prepares the body for sexual reproduction. This happens because of the action of the hormones that control sexual development. Children may experience a growth spurt where they might grow faster than normal. During puberty girl?s breasts grow bigger, they have development of pubic hair, increased fat layers under the skin and they start their menstrual periods. Boys will experience the enlargement of their testes and penis, the development of pubic and facial hair and increased muscle strength. Boy?s voices also break and become deeper in tone. This means that they will look and behave differently from children. At this age it is called the concrete operational stage, which means you can think logically provided the issues are ?down to earth? or concrete. ...read more.

Conclusion

They may experience time pressures as they grow older which can affect their social activities. Mature adults may have to split their time between work, care of parents, other family commitments and wider social activities, but social activities will be reduced because of these pressures. People also argued that the main thing in early adulthood was learning to cope with emotional attachment to a sexual partner, this could involve to not being too self- centred or defensive and not becoming emotionally isolated. The final stages of life: Variable The maximum lifespan for an adult is estimated to be about 120 years old this is because our cells have limited ability to renew themselves so if they cannot renew themselves then we cannot repair ourselves and stay healthy. To increase your potential lifespan you should stay away from toxic substances such as tobacco and you should eat a healthy diet, which means eating your five a day and eating the right amount of food out of each food group. At the final stages of life adults have been thinking logical and abstract from the age of 11 and onwards but this will gradually decrease, as they get even older. In retirement adults will have a lot more free time but many adults chose to get more involved with close friends and family rather than extend their network of social contacts. People have argued that older people need to find a sense of secureness that will help them to cope with physical changes such as ageing and death but if people fail to make a sense of their life they will experience emotional despair. ...read more.

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