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Describe processes for initiating,maintaining,developing and conducting a counselling relationship

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Task 1 and 4 - Describe processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and concluding a counselling relationship and Integrate processes for initiating, maintaining, developing and a counselling skills relationship Counselling is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach decisions affecting their life. Often counselling is sought out at times of change or crisis, however, as counselling can also help us at anytime of our life. Counselling involves talking with a person in a way that helps that person solve a problem or helps create conditions that will cause the person to understand and improve their behaviour, character, values or life circumstances. Every counsellor should consult the word SOLER, as this will make sure that the counselling room is prepared and that the session will be successful. * S - Square * O - Open * L - Leaning Forward * E - Eye Contact * R - Relaxed Initiating a Relationship Before the start of any counselling session, the counsellor needs to prepare their counselling room. The room should be comfortable temperature, make sure seating arrangements are appropriate - chairs should be at a 45% angle as this is the best way to observe body language without creating a confrontational effect. The room should be decorated in light - relaxing colours, the room shouldn't be painted red or black. There should be no physical barriers between the you and client, for example, desks, high tables, removing this furniture will make the counselling session more formal and make the client more relaxed. ...read more.


Then the counsellor starts contracting with the client and at the end the client uses the word WE, using this indicates to the client that this is a group and that the counsellor is serious about helping him solve his problem). Maintaining For counsellors to maintain a relationship with a client, they need to remember 4 main points: * Respect * Genuineness * Empathy * Personal values Respecting a client throughout the session is important regardless of what they have done. Counsellors need to remember that the clients are human, who do make mistakes, however they are still human with the same needs, drives, hopes and fears like everyone else. Counselling sessions are about being open and honest, not just the client but the counsellor as well. Genuineness is an important skill to learn, as genuineness is the pathway to an open and honest relationship with the client, communicating in a way that will encourage the client to only respond in an open and honest way. When listening to a client it is vital that you see a situation in the same way as the person you are talking to sees it, this helps as you will understand what that person is going through and you will be able to help them better. This to some people being empathic is tremendously hard as it is difficult for us not to be judgement, that's why it's extremely important that a counsellor carries this skill. ...read more.


Summarising is a skill to show you have understood everything your client has said, it also helps the client remember what they have said. It's a skill of taking an hours session and turning it into around five or six questions. For example summarising a session where the mother has left her husband and kids for a younger man but feels she may have made a mistake - 'So just to recap, you where married for 10 years, have 2 daughters, you left your husband for a younger man but you think you have made a mistake and you think you want to give your marriage another try for the sake of your kids - is that correct'? The counsellor has packed the woman's story into a few sentences, showing the client they have been listening and making the summary short means there is more time for concluding or if the client would like to add anything else. Adding a final comment should be helpful and give the client belief that they can achieve there goal, 'After hearing your story, I can see reasons why you left your husband, you now seem sorry for what you have done, however I would like you to think about what you have told me, consider your options - do you still love your husband enough to go back to him? I would like for you to think about this and come back same time next week'. This is called goal setting it gives the client something to think about and also gives the counsellor and client a topic to discuss next week. ...read more.

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