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Equality, Diversity & Rights

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Introduction

Hayley Baxter Unit 2 Equality, Diversity And Rights Benefits of diversity to society and the effects of discrimination on service users For this assignment I have been asked to produce a report indentifying the benefits of diversity to society these include factors such as arts, food, education, language, cultural enrichment, tolerance and social cohesion. Within this report I am going to use recognised terminology, to explain the importance of promoting equality, diversity and rights in health and social care settings. * Equality as indentified in the oxford dictionary >The state of being equal. The same size, quantity, quality, extent, level, status etc. http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/equality?view=uk Equality is about creating a fairer society where everyone can participate and have the same opportunity to fulfil their potential. It is about ensuring that there is equal access to health care providers and job opportunities for everyone in our society. Equality is backed by legislation designed to address unfair discrimination based on membership of a particular group. Key legislation acts that best underpin equality include: * Race Relations Act 1976, * Sex Discrimination Act 1975, * Disability Discrimination Act 1995 * Human Rights Act 1998. * Diversity as indentified in the oxford dictionary > noun (pl. diversities) 1 the state of being diverse. 2 a diverse range; a variety http://www.askoxford.com/concise_oed/diversity?view=uk Diversity is about recognizing and embracing that everyone is different in a variety of visible and non-visible ways it is important to respect people's opinions and value their differences. You can relate to these values and differences by age, gender, race, disability and individual beliefs such as cultures and religions, some of these cultures or religions could include Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islamic, Judaism and Sikhism. There are 4800 recognised religions within our world. It is about creating cultures and practices that recognise, respect and value differences. Diversity also includes harnessing the potential to create a productive environment in which diverse needs of the patient can be met in a creative environment. ...read more.

Middle

* Sexuality - People may feel bullied for being gay, lesbian or bisexual. Everybody has the right to their personal sexuality beliefs. Although Sex Discrimination Act 1975, is in place there are still people being discriminated against due to their sexuality. A homophobic nurse may not provide a gay, lesbian or bisexual person they would a straight person. This is unprofessional and would be against the law. * 322Gender - Many people believe that caring for dependent relatives is a feminine role. This traditional belief can deny woman the opportunity to develop themselves in the world of work and men the opportunity to be fulfilled as carers. Gender discrimination goes back hundreds of years ago, back when men done all the jobs and women were expected to stay at home and be a housewife. I believe direct gender discrimination could include a man feeling discriminated against because a hospital insists a female nurse chaperone is with a male nurse when caring and providing personal care to a female patient. Whereas a female nurse is able to provide her care to a male patient without a male chaperone. * Age - Older people are knowledgeable, experienced and wise. However, they are less likely to be asked for their opinion; as a result of this they are given the same opportunity to have their say. The legislation relating to age discrimination is The Employment Equality (Age) Regulations 2006 this act states it is unlawful for someone to treat you differently due to our age. Whether you are a patient or member of staff you should always be valued and respected as a member of our community. * Family Structure - Family structure can affect people's ability to make the most of opportunities that are open to everyone else e.g. elderly person who live alone and lone carers find it hard to access services and play a role in their communities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some of these policies include, The mental health act, Race relations, Sex discrimination act, Disability discrimination act, The data protection act, and The human rights act, this being one of the most important. Until October 2000, UK law covered only three areas of discrimination, which were race, sex and disability. This changed in October 2000 when the European convention on Human Rights was incorporated into UK law in the Human Rights act 1998. Within this act, three main articles may cause implications for health care or early year's workers. The first is "Article 2: Protection of Life". The right to life provision will be very important in health settings. It must be considered in matters such as abortion and end of life decisions, such as whether or not to switch off life support machines. There are also other cases such as children in care that have not been allocated a social worker or residents of a closing nursing home, that will also be covered by this article, As many residents of nursing or care homes can have their life expectancy stunted by the moving to other grounds. The second significant article to a care setting is "Article 3: Prohibitation of torture and inhumane and degrading treatment". This article covers numerous painful or dangerous situations. This article may cover both neglectful treatment of service users in residential homes and the failure to protect children from abuse. In some circumstances life prolonging treatment that causes pain or suffering can also be covered. This also incorporates many other factors. The third and final article likely to directly affect care workers is "Article 5: Rights to liberty and the security of the person". This article can cover some of the most challenging cases in the care profession. Cases such as compulsory admissions to hospitals under the mental health act will have to meet the requirements for this article, this is a very distressing situation for both worker and patient, and must be dealt with, with the patient's best interest at heart. ...read more.

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