• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the signs and symptoms related to Heart Disease and Breast Cancer. Assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Unit 14: Physiological Disorders. P2/M1: Explain the signs and symptoms related to these two disorders. Assess possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis of the disorders from their signs and symptoms. The main symptom of coronary heart disease is angina which can be caused by insufficient oxygen reaching the heart muscle because of reduced blood flow; this can lead to mild, uncomfortable pain within the centre of your chest which can relate to that of indigestion, however no severe damage is caused by an angina attack. The pain from this type of attack can spread to other parts of the body including the arms, neck, jaws, back or stomach. Symptoms usually don?t last longer than 10 minutes and are triggered by physical activity or stress. (http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Coronary-heart-disease/Pages/Symptoms.aspx, accessed 10 Oct. 2012) An arrhythmia is a problem with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. When you have an arrhythmia, you may notice that your heart is skipping beats or beating too fast. ...read more.

Middle

This can include looking out for changes in the breast such as lumps or thickening of the tissue, any flaking skin or discharge from the nipple, 'tethering' of the skin, as if it's being pulled from the inside, any unusual sensation or discomfort, a change in outline, shape or size of the breast, a lump or swelling in either of your armpits, dimpling on the skin of your breasts, a rash on or around your nipple. (http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-breast-female/Pages/Symptoms.aspx, 01 Oct 2012) M1 There are many Possible difficulties that can be involved in the diagnosis of Coronary heart disease, I will be talking about these below. Even though an ECG is an important test for detecting heart problems, it isn?t advisable to have an ECG done every year. There are two reasons for this. The first is that there isn?t yet evidence that routine screening actually improves long-term health outcomes. Second, ECGs provide too many false-positive tests, especially in women, leading to unnecessary additional tests and too many false-negative tests which lead to missed abnormalities. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most of the women asked back for further tests won?t have breast cancer. One or two mammograms to be taken again for various reasons including the following; The x-ray picture is blurred and cannot be read by the doctor; There is some kind of equipment failure, for example the machine that processes the x-ray films breaks down however this is very rare; The mammogram misses part of the breast and it needs to be retaken so that the whole breast can be seen. Although mammography is the most effective and reliable way of detecting breast cancer early, it is not perfect. A breast cancer may not be detected by mammogram because some cancers are very difficult to see on the x-ray, some cancers, even though they are there, cannot be seen on the x-ray at all, the person reading the x-ray may miss the cancer. This will happen occasionally, no matter how experienced the person reading the x-ray is. To reduce the risk of a cancer being missed all mammograms are looked at by two people. (http://www.macmillan.org.uk/Cancerinformation/Testsscreening/Breastscreening/Difficulties.aspx#.UICGQvnuXrE, accessed 01 Oct 2012) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain the nature of two named physiological disorders. Heart disease and Breast Cancer

    3 star(s)

    This can occur from unhealthy diet intake; Physical activity, exercising helps reduce blood pressure and the likelihood of obesity, vice versa little physical activity would be a direct cause of coronary heart disease; Diabetes, people with diabetes have the same risk of developing heart disease as a person who has

  2. Strageties for prevention of disease

    Screening can also be seen as an invasive process. The fact that screening results are never 100% accurate can lead to misdiagnosis and anxiety in patients, however, information provided to those invited must be honest, comprehensive and understandable to its audience.

  1. Measuring pain

    The central control trigger's sensitization of the gate to C or A-beta Fibres (to either open or close the gate)Eg rubbing area after a bump reduces the pain by stimulating the a-beta fibres of light touch to close the gate.

  2. Unit 14 P1 and P2. Name two physiological disorders and describe their symptoms.

    A team of specialists would be available to help those including therapists, speech therapists and specialist nurses/doctors. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): This measures how strongly the bloody presses against the walls of the large blood vessels as it is pumped around the body around your heart if their pressure is

  1. UNIT-14 -P5 I am going to explain the care strategies that can be used ...

    GPs diagnose and treat diseases, occasionally referring the patient on to other specialists. A GP sees patients in a number of different ways, including on an appointment basis, in drop-in clinics and by making home visits to those considered too infirm to travel.

  2. In this coursework I will be assessing the possible difficulties involved in the diagnosis ...

    However, not all types of cancer have screening tests and some tests are only for people with specific genetic risks. There can be other difficulties rising when you are going to the GP to get your symptoms checked out for example if you go to the GP because you have

  1. Abuse - definitions and signs.

    Sexual abuse can happen to men or women of any age. Sexual abuse by a partner can include derogatory name calling, refusal to use contraception, deliberately causing unwanted physical pain during sex, deliberately passing on sexual diseases or infections and using objects, toys, or other items without consent and to cause pain or humiliation.

  2. Unit 14 - Physiological disorders Bipolar project

    Although many people can cope well between episodes many still experience the symptoms of a depressive episode which still impacts on their daily lives. 1. Bipolar I - characterised by manic episodes - most people will experience depressive periods as well but not all do.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work