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In this assignment I will discuss the strengthens and weaknesses of the psychodynamic, cognitive and biological approach.

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Introduction

´╗┐Unit 8 M1- Discuss the positive and negative aspects of each theory in further detail to show a deeper understanding of assessment of theories. In this assignment I will discuss the strengthens and weaknesses of the psychodynamic, cognitive and biological approach. Psychodynamic The psychodynamic approach takes both the nature and nurture side of the debate into consideration. It also focuses on the effects of childhood experiences and the affects it may have on an individuals? personality, if an individual goes through a traumatic event it may affect their later life as it will always be in their unconscious mind. Freud?s theory is known to work effectively in therapy for individuals who need to understand the root to their problems according to www.helptoheal.co.uk. ...read more.

Middle

Cognitive The cognitive approach is mainly based on experiments to put their research into practice rather than making assumptions and jumping into conclusions. Jean Piaget believes there is a set of four stages that all individuals go through in order to develop effectively. It helps determine how an individual recognises and deals with different situations and it?s also used in health and social care settings in terms of overcoming stress, anxiety, depression and anger management issues. This theory is also compatible with other theories such as the behaviourist theory which has similar outcomes to the social learning theory. However George Kelly?s theory compares human beings to computers due to their similarities but the human mind is much more complex as well as feelings and emotions can affect an individuals? output. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand the approach does not acknowledge the nurture side to the debate. This means Arnold Gesell does not consider how the environment around you can have an impact on an individuals? behaviour which has been proven in numerous studies. This theory also generalises to apply to all individuals? not taking into count every human being is different it excludes individuality and it assumes everyone responds the same way. Gesell only points out genetic disorders ignoring that not all disorders are genetic as some disorders can occur due to environmental factors such as mental health issues i.e. anxiety, depression and stress. ...read more.

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