• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mental Health AO4

Extracts from this document...


Mental illness is a clinically diagnosable disorder that significantly interferes with an individual's cognitive, emotional or social abilities. The diagnosis of mental illness is generally made according to the classification systems of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or the International Classification of Diseases. Mental health, its causes and treatments have varied over time with different time periods and cultures. Since Neolithic times there have been suggestions that they used to drill holes in the skull to treat mental illness. These operations involving the opening of the skull were believed to facilitate the exit of evil spirits that caused mental illness. However, in the middle ages theories arose that the four humours caused mental illness. These were black bile (faeces), yellow bile (urine), phlegm and blood. Then in 1600 Native Americans summoned supernatural powers to treat those that were considered mentally ill but later in 1600's mental illness was commonly thought to signify a witch or someone that was possessed by a demon. Cotton Mather suggested that physical explanations lead to mental illness. Mental illness became more common after World War one as it led to a rise in mental disorders such as 'shell shock' and this was the time that covert euthanasia projects took place leading to the annihilation of 'undesirables' such as Jews or Homosexuals. In the 1930's hospitals began to inject insulin into mentally ill patients to induce temporary comas or shock as a treatment for schizophrenia. ...read more.


Also, this definition also relies on context, time and culture. The last definition developed by Jahoda is deviation from Ideal Mental Health. She looked at health rather than illness. She considered is the person suffering, are they a danger to themselves or others, is the person in control of their behaviour, does the behaviour they display make others feel uncomfortable and do they communicate rational thoughts. This is the best definition as it focuses more on the individual rather than grouping all disorders together. However, the main limitation of this is that it still depends on who decides whether they have a mental illness. In conclusion, it is difficult to define mental illness as every person is individual and some aspects of the illness could be related to their past. Also, it is hard to define what normal is making it extremely hard to diagnose a disorder. Finally, there are that many different mental disorders that it takes a while to diagnose as it is impossible to clump them together. Therefore, I feel that it is very difficult to define mental illness and is a long and detailed process. Throughout time derogatory terms have been used to label mentally ill people. These terms were used because they were picked up off the family through primary socialisation. An example of someone that has been portrayed negatively is Frank Bruno. ...read more.


They were a group of journalists that worked specifically with people that have mental illnesses. They have a number of aims. They are: * To acheieve an accurate portrayal in the media. For example in 2006 stories came out of David Beckham having an OCD where all his shoes and tins in the cupboard have to be lined up straight. Also, it was stated that he only wears new boxers and has several showers a day. However, he wouldn't be defined as having mental illness as he can still function adequately and also it is situational. He is a footballer and is very active as a consequence he may just like to feel clean after playing sport. * To reduce the use of emotive words such as 'nutter' or 'spaz' and use more politically correct words to change people's attitudes. * Show Mental Health more positively to change the publics opinion of mentally ill * Hold Mental Health day to inform the public and show how common mental illness is * Hold campaigns such as the Respect campaign which challenges anti social behavoiur and it's causes leading to a more positive image of mental health SANE is a mental health organisation that campaigns to combat stigma and ignorance and improve care, giving nearly 400 interviews each year on national and local television and radio, generating hundreds of column inches in the press and participating in government and professional initiatives. This allows them to tackle the negative image that mentally ill people are asscoiated with. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Physiological Disorders

    to stimulate nerves junctions which correspond with the body's 'patterns of pain' to attempt to release it. The body produces opiates (endorphins and enkphalins), that dull the senses as part of the body's pain relieving system. Many studies have shown that acupuncture releases 'natural pain relievers' into the body's Central

  2. Physiological disorder

    Substances pass through the capillaries wall, flirtation and diagnosis, oxygen and carbon dioxide move through the capillaries wall by diffusion. Factors that can increase the risk of coronary heart disease Coronary heart disease is caused by built up fat deposits on the wall of the coronary arteries the fatty called

  1. Abnormal Psychology - Bipolar Disorder

    scientists will gain a better understanding of the underlying causes of the illness, and eventually may be able to predict which types of treatment will work most effectively. The neurotransmitter system has received a great deal of attention as a possible cause of Bipolar Disorder.

  2. Types and causes of mental health illness

    It is likely that a number of factors will affect the reason someone suffers from Alzheimer's. These could include; age, genetic pre-disposition and environmental factors. All these factors however will closely link together, if 3 of the factors that suggest a link towards alzheimers are present but all fairly mild

  1. The basics of UV sun rays

    Most are water resistant. Sunscreens do not interfere with the body's production of vitamin D. There are 4 main classes of sunscreens: 1. PABA - absorbs and filters out UVB rays. May cause minor skin irritation. 2. Cinnamates - provide protection from UVB rays.

  2. Unit 14 - Physiological disorders Bipolar project

    They are normal moods in every way, except in their intensity. They?re often called ?crashes? or ?snaps,? because of the sudden onset. By contrast, the UN triggered mood shifts of BMD take hours or days to move from one state to another.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work