P1 Describe key aspects of public health in the UK.
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P1 - Describe key aspects of public health in the UK. Within Great Britain the population consists of over 60 million people. Health is measured by the quality of live and life styles people lead. Infant mortality rates and life expectancy, incidence of disease and life threatening factors are recorded by each community in order to compare the health of the communities within Britain. Some areas have higher rates of illness in comparison to others. by keeping a record it makes it easier to see which of the areas have a and low rates of health issues.
Also low income means that an individual may not have enough money to provide themselves with high nutritional foods, and therefore may rely on fast food on a regular basis; this can cause the chances of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. Genetics can effect a person's well being, for instance illnesses such as Sickle Cell Anaemia can be inherited and therefore effect their health immensely as they may be limited to a certain life style. Environmental factors such as pollution can cause people to develop particular illnesses due to air pollution, and noise pollution.
The symptoms of this virus consist of sudden fever, sudden cough, headache, tiredness, chills, aching muscles, limb or joint pain, diarrhoea or stomach upset, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, and loss of appetite. Treatments available for swine flu are the following antibiotics, anti-virals these do not cure the symptoms but help to reduce the symptoms within a daily basis. In order to decrease the chances of catching swine flu an individual should maintain hygiene for instance washing hands, cleaning surfaces regularly, carrying tissues and not sneezing within your hands as this can spread germs, using tissues to cover your mouth as soon as cough and sneeze, binning a tissue as soon as you have used it.
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