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P4 - Explain theories of ageing

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Introduction

P4 - Explain theories of ageing Social Disengagement Theory - In 1961, Elaine Cumming and William Henry came up with the Social Disengagement theory. This theory suggests that when people reach a certain age they begin to disengage with society and withdraw themselves from social activities. It can also be seen as society's fault rather than the individual as society are more likely exclude older people and therefore older people are less likely to involve themselves in society. Cumming and William suggest that older people disengaging from society is a result of them realising that they cannot do the social activities that they did when they were younger, as they are more fragile and they may not have the energy to do them. Older people can disengage from society for a number of different reasons for example; many young people have social media sites and can therefore catch up with friends and family especially if they don?t have enough time to go around their houses. However older people may not know how to use technology such as the internet, mobile phones etc and consequently may not be able to see their family members or their friends as much as they would like to. ...read more.

Middle

I also agree that society is to blame for them disengaging because in society, there are numerous age restrictions on things, such as mortgages, and getting a new job ?Pushing the pension age to 70 risks opening a new front of discrimination against older workers, which experts warn is already systemic and blatant." http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-news/call-for-change-of-attitude-on-employing-older-workers-20140601-39cks.html#ixzz33TS6zETfThis quote shows that as a society, employers are discriminating against older people when it comes to applying for jobs and the application process, therefore society is causing older people to disengage because they aren?t able to get a job if they wanted to and consequently they may not be able to find something else to do with their time. Activity theory The activity theory was created by Robert J. Havighurst in 1961. He suggested that in order for older people to be happy, they need to stay active and maintain social interactions. By having the company and support of friends, as well as hobbies and interests it can prevent the loss of mental and physical skills and potentially 'slow down' ageing. The theory suggests that the more social groups they have and the more activities that they participate in, that they have a better quality of life and age better than those who aren?t active when they are older. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore these people wouldn?t be able to attend gym classes or walking groups. However there are exercises designed especially for people in wheelchairs. "If you?re a wheelchair user, it can be easy to overlook physical fitness and exercise. But getting active will bring you important health benefits and can help you manage daily life, too." http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Disability/Pages/fitness-for-wheelchair-users.aspx Wheelchair exercises can help to keep people fit and maintain a healthy body weight. Muscle strengthening exercises can be very important for people in a wheel chair, because moving or pushing themselves around may put strain on the muscles and may cause other injuries, but my doing muscle strengthening exercises it decreases the chance of them getting these kinds of injuries. I also agree with this theory because if older people are exercising frequently then they are more likely to have a better lifestyle and health than other older people who aren?t exercising. I also agree with the point about how being sociable when people get older can help them to age better, because if they are still meeting with their friends this may keep them feeling young. I also agree because there is proof that there are major health benefits for older people who remain fit and active in their later life. ...read more.

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