• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Principal Sociological Perspectives on Society and Health

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Principal Sociological perspectives: There are many different approaches that have been used to understand and describe the different types of behaviour that takes place in society. These approaches would all have an impact in some way to an individual?s social life, even if it?s just with their health or well-being. There are seven different sociological approaches. These approaches are; Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Interactionism, Collectivism, New Right and Post-Modernism. The functionalist approach would best be understood when it is related to the human body. For example, just as the body would function from different organs such as the kidneys and lungs and the mechanisms would have to deal with the disease. It all has a different way of functioning just like the society, where different institutions would have a particular involvement to be made. Sociology (online) states: ?Functionalism interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the whole society. The different parts are primarily the institutions of society, each of which is organized to fill different needs and each of which has particular consequences for the form and shape of society.? The functionalism approach would exist in the society by focusing on the shared values and social stability. ...read more.

Middle

This approach was discovered from Karl Marx (1818-1883) who believes that individual?s behaviour was all coming from society. He believes that there were two social classes which are; Capitalists, these are people who would have small powerful groups who own businesses and provide employment. The second class would be proletariat which is a much larger and poorer group who work for the capitalist in their business by being employed. These different classes were not necessary as these classes could result with riots taking place. Marxists argued that by the two different classes having different level of powers it would still mean that the proletariat would be receiving their wages and the capitalists would hold more power however, this would be unfair as the institutions would be more influenced by the capitalists due to the social class. The proletariat would be living in false consciousness as they would think that they are working hard for their money, however the capitalists would take advantage of this by making their own ideas and decisions having their own way. Atheism (online) states: ?Althusser argued that humans have no intrinsic qualities (or essence), but socially produced accidents. These accidents are the creation of social structures, and describing them allows us to describe both humans and the human condition. A practical result of this is that there is no essential "human nature" which cannot be changed, and so in order to change human behaviour or attitudes, ...read more.

Conclusion

Liberal feminism generally argues over the changes that are being made or need to be made. They believe that by the changes of legislations such as Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and Equal Pay Act (1970) it would give more equal rights to women. They also believe that these improvements would always be made when necessary through policies and legislations. Collectivism is an approach which is mainly used in health and social care services that is being structured by the government to provide the correct care and support to vulnerable people who would be funded through the National Insurance and Taxation. In many different areas of society there will be groups of people who are vulnerable. These vulnerable people may be, children, older people, people with learning disabilities and people with mental health issues and needs. Some of the societies would care for these people by seeing it as a responsibility of the family or the individual. However, in some societies it would be the responsibility of the religious group of local community. Stretch and Whitehouse (2010) state: ?There was an agreement made by cross-party that the state should be collective responsibility for, fighting disease through the National Health Service, Addressing poverty through a wide range of welfare benefits including Family allowance, Unemployment, Sickness benefit and retirement pensions and having policies of full employment. ? This then gave the state responsibilities with working closely with families, voluntary organisations that was to be funded by the National Insurance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Sociological theories of the family. Functionalism, marxism and feminism perspectives

    Functionalists have always seen the family as a very harmonious relationship but Cheal (2002) notes that functional relationships can easily turn into dysfunctional relationships and that love can often turn to hate within a matter of days. Cheal also notes "we have to face the paradox that families are contexts

  2. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspectives and describe models of health.

    Interactionism Interactionists look at society on a micro scale this means they look at society on a small scale. They don't want to generalise their ideas to the whole of society. Interactionists study how people behave in small scale situations e.g.

  1. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspectives.

    Feminism Feminist have argues that sociology, as an academic discipline, was developed and dominated by men. Hence the term 'malestream' sociology was introduced. They argue that this male dominance has produced biased descriptions and analysis and that not enough attention has been paid to the issues of women and their unequal place in society.

  2. Use sociological terminology to describe the principle sociological perspectives and how these apply to ...

    His inspection was that these two social class groups would always be in some sort of conflict: the owners of the factories, land and offices would want high profits and the employees would want higher wages that would eat into the profits.

  1. Unit 7 Sociology

    Although there was very minimal help provided and that was for the starving, society still believed that it was your fault that your poor. People within the society pay taxes and national insurance to the government which then funds education and health and social care services.

  2. Use sociological terminology to describe the principle sociological perspectives. Describe the different concepts ...

    Radical feminism: Those who believe in radical feminism do not think it is capitalism and money that controls women but just men, the family is seen as patriarchal as normally the man/husband would be seen as head of the house.

  1. Sociology and Health. Within this assignment I will use a range of sociological terminology ...

    must contribute in some way so that the society can run smoothly. Changes within one institution within society will change the workings of another and therefore affect society. In order for society to run in a smooth and effective way would be to use methods of social control; for example,

  2. Explain the principle psychological perspectives and theories.

    on your own feet, something which you are expected to do within that culture. However in Asian cultures this would be considered as mundane behaviour that is admirable amongst individuals. This behaviour is said to show both respect and courtesy for your parents and elders within the community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work