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Psychology. Describe The Application Of Psychodynamic Perspectives In Health And Social Care

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Describe The Application Of Psychodynamic Perspectives In Health And Social Care (P3) Freud et al started to develop the psychodynamic theory in the latter part of the nineteenth century. They did this through clinical work with mentally disordered patients. Freud believed that problems arose directly from personality dynamics (psyche) rather than from physical causes. Freud believed that the psyche contained three inter - related systems: * The Id - This is the unconscious set of instincts that we are born with. It is pleasure orientated and completely selfish. * The Ego - This is the last part of the psyche to be developed, it is the conscious and rational part of the psyche that acts as a go between for the demands of the Id and the Superego. * The Superego - This is developed though a process known as socialization when people learn the moral standards of their culture. The superego is concerned with right and wrong, it is the moral part of the psyche. The Id and the Superego are always in conflict, therefore a well - adjusted person develops a strong Ego so it will be able to cope with the demands of each and allow them to express themselves at appropriate times. ...read more.


that have occurred are too painful for the Ego to bear. Whatever feelings that are repressed do not disappear, they often express themselves in dreams or irrational behaviour and they may cause psychological disorders. To cope with the demands from the Id and the Superego, the Ego employs the use of different defence mechanisms. These often warp or deny the reality of whatever is happening at that particular time. Here is a table of defence mechanisms it is based on Geiselman (1988) Mechanism How It Works Repression Repression stops any undesirable emotions or feelings from becoming part of conscious thought. They do not disappear, they are just pushed so far into the unconscious that you are not aware of them. When feelings or emotions are repressed they can unconsciously influence behaviour in ways that we are unaware of. This may cause emotional difficulties or disturbance. Example: A calm person may act in a violent way to someone and consequently can't remember doing it Denial Sometimes people refuse to believe that certain events in their lives are happening or that they feel a certain way because it is too painful Example: A drug addict may deny that they are addicted to drugs. ...read more.


He did this by showing people that people showing physical signs of mental instability could have psychological problems. Freud developed a treatment called psychoanalysis and this has now evolved into other psychodynamic theories. The belief is that if someone understands what happened in the past it can give them a better way to cope at a conscious level. One technique of psychoanalysis is the analysis of dreams; another is free association where people are encouraged to say whatever comes into their heads at that moment. The analyst is then able to offer an interpretation of what the client is thinking. In health and social care psychodynamic theory can be applied in many situations. When someone has mental health issues, the "talking cure" (psychoanalysis) can benefit them because they will start to understand events that have happened in their life. Defence mechanisms of the Ego can also help to explain why people behave the way they do. This gives professionals a better chance to help them. The psychodynamic approach can be discussed in a lot more detail, and it is done so later on in the assignment. Danielle Lant 1st March, 2008 1 ...read more.

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