• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology. Describe The Application Of Psychodynamic Perspectives In Health And Social Care

Extracts from this document...


Describe The Application Of Psychodynamic Perspectives In Health And Social Care (P3) Freud et al started to develop the psychodynamic theory in the latter part of the nineteenth century. They did this through clinical work with mentally disordered patients. Freud believed that problems arose directly from personality dynamics (psyche) rather than from physical causes. Freud believed that the psyche contained three inter - related systems: * The Id - This is the unconscious set of instincts that we are born with. It is pleasure orientated and completely selfish. * The Ego - This is the last part of the psyche to be developed, it is the conscious and rational part of the psyche that acts as a go between for the demands of the Id and the Superego. * The Superego - This is developed though a process known as socialization when people learn the moral standards of their culture. The superego is concerned with right and wrong, it is the moral part of the psyche. The Id and the Superego are always in conflict, therefore a well - adjusted person develops a strong Ego so it will be able to cope with the demands of each and allow them to express themselves at appropriate times. ...read more.


that have occurred are too painful for the Ego to bear. Whatever feelings that are repressed do not disappear, they often express themselves in dreams or irrational behaviour and they may cause psychological disorders. To cope with the demands from the Id and the Superego, the Ego employs the use of different defence mechanisms. These often warp or deny the reality of whatever is happening at that particular time. Here is a table of defence mechanisms it is based on Geiselman (1988) Mechanism How It Works Repression Repression stops any undesirable emotions or feelings from becoming part of conscious thought. They do not disappear, they are just pushed so far into the unconscious that you are not aware of them. When feelings or emotions are repressed they can unconsciously influence behaviour in ways that we are unaware of. This may cause emotional difficulties or disturbance. Example: A calm person may act in a violent way to someone and consequently can't remember doing it Denial Sometimes people refuse to believe that certain events in their lives are happening or that they feel a certain way because it is too painful Example: A drug addict may deny that they are addicted to drugs. ...read more.


He did this by showing people that people showing physical signs of mental instability could have psychological problems. Freud developed a treatment called psychoanalysis and this has now evolved into other psychodynamic theories. The belief is that if someone understands what happened in the past it can give them a better way to cope at a conscious level. One technique of psychoanalysis is the analysis of dreams; another is free association where people are encouraged to say whatever comes into their heads at that moment. The analyst is then able to offer an interpretation of what the client is thinking. In health and social care psychodynamic theory can be applied in many situations. When someone has mental health issues, the "talking cure" (psychoanalysis) can benefit them because they will start to understand events that have happened in their life. Defence mechanisms of the Ego can also help to explain why people behave the way they do. This gives professionals a better chance to help them. The psychodynamic approach can be discussed in a lot more detail, and it is done so later on in the assignment. Danielle Lant 1st March, 2008 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Healthcare essays

  1. Physiological Disorders

    Reiki is considered to be safe. Be sure to talk to your doctor about reiki treatments before beginning. Yoga is a science of health, that justify the WHO definition of health, and adding more meanings deeply exploring the various levels of physical, physiological, psychological, intellectual and spiritual well-being.

  2. Sociological Perspectives

    The education system is a good example of this. University places in places like Oxford are more likely to be filled with children from the bourgeoisie than with children from working class parents. Like functionalists, Marxists see the family as contribution to a stable society although they would say that the family is the servant of the capitalist system.

  1. Describe the application of behaviourist perspectives in health and social care.

    People often think that once conditioned response is learned it will not be forgotten but it requires reinforcement and possibly returning to the conditioning process. The Operant Conditioning Theory B.F. Skinner developed this theory, he was using rats, and pigeons to understand the theory that behaviour is learnt through good

  2. Describe the application of psychodynamic perspectives in health and social care.

    According to Freud, every long slender or elongated object represents the phallus, while any cavity or receptacle represents the female genitalia. In the case study it mentions that Alice dreams about boxes falling on top of her.

  1. Applied Psychology Perspectives for Health & Social Care

    Medical?fear of seeing blood, receiving injections, visiting a doctor, etc. 4. Situational?fear of bridges, leaving the home, driving, etc. (http://psychology.about.com/od/phobias/f/dis_phobiadef.htm) These are understandable responses to situations where we might be harmed. When there is a real threat, for example if you are about to be attacked, fear is a

  2. Unit 5 Anatomy and physiology in health and social care

    Lungs: Lungs are the organs of human body where gaseous exchange take place. Human beings have two lungs known as the right and left lungs. Lungs are soft, spongy and very elastic. Respiratory Passages: Respiratory passages or air-ways are the conducting portions of human respiratory system.

  1. Explain the principle psychological perspectives and theories.

    There are many effects of culture and society on our behaviour. Culture can be defined as the values, norms, language, customs and practices that are shared amongst a group of people that are all brought together through something that is big and important to them.

  2. Health and Social Care Unit 3 Health and Well being

    However, any substance abuse is dangerous and can lead to bigger problems within a short period of time; ill health certainly and lack of food and money as people struggle to find their next fix. Smoking also affects a person?s intellectual development according to researchers from the universities of Aberdeen and Edinburgh.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work