Applied Psychology Perspectives for Health & Social Care

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Paris Diana Burns, 20044037, Unit 29 Peter Carlsson, Health and Social Care Level 3 Extended.

Applied Psychology Perspectives for Health & Social Care

Within this assignment I will be extending my knowledge and understanding of the psychological perspectives and their application to all different health and social care sectors. I will be showing a great understanding of the specific behaviours such as it might be encountered within health and social care settings, the contribution of psychological perspectives to the management and treatment of all of these theories.

Explanation and treatment of behaviours

Within P2 I will be explaining psychological theories of anorexia nervosa and other Phobias. Also, I will be discussing different theories in relation to these behaviours and show how they are complementary or contrasting theories to one another. With these theories I am going to be choosing it from to explain phobia and anorexia with cognitive psychology, social learning theory and behaviourism.


A phobia is an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation. Fear is a form of anxiety that is triggered by a situation or an object. Every individual has a phobia of something; also to know what it’s like to be afraid in certain situations and change our behaviour accordingly.

For example-

There are three types of phobias:

  • Social phobias—fear of social situations.
  • Agoraphobia—fear of being trapped in an inescapable place or situation.
  • Specific phobias—fear of a specific object (such as snakes).

There are four major types of specific phobias:

  • The natural environment—fear of lightening, water, storms, etc.
  • Animal—fear of snakes, rodents, spiders, etc.
  • Medical—fear of seeing blood, receiving injections, visiting a doctor, etc.
  • Situational—fear of bridges, leaving the home, driving, etc.


These are understandable responses to situations where we might be harmed. When there is a real threat, for example if you are about to be attacked, fear is a sensible and realistic response, and your body will release adrenaline and prepare for ‘fight or flight’.

Cognitive psychology shows that people that have a phobia may relate their fear with different life experiences from the past, people who have or have seen another individual have an experience that they also didn’t like then they may then develop a fear with that later on in life. If an individual see’s a situation happen, it would make them feel very uncomfortable, which would then make them fear the situation or develop a phobia for it. Piaget’s stages of development may show that anyone can develop phobias through any stages of development; this may be the cause of irrational phobia’s and behaviours towards the situations.

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The behaviours of individuals shown that when they are being confronted with their phobia happens because they relate their fear of the situation with the danger that is due to the schema they have created about their fears of the situation. Cognitive theory has shown that depending on how an individual processes information and the information that they process effects their attitudes towards the situations and themselves.

With the cognitive theory, it’s best for any individual to get treatment through counselling. It will help any individual with a phobia to help overcome it slowly and gradually will not have a ...

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