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Unit 27: Challenging Behaviour in Health & Social Care

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´╗┐Jessica Bascombe Unit 27: Challenging Behaviour in Health & Social Care P1: Describe the characteristics and causes of challenging behaviour Challenging behaviour is behaviour outside of the expected norms for a person?s age that is disruptive and difficult to manage and can cause harm the individual exhibiting the behaviour is likely to suffer from learning disability or a mental illness or may have had a difficult upbringing. Verbal Abuse: Is a form abuse that involves the use of words in a verbally abusive situation words are used to attack, control and inflict harm on another individual verbal abuse is not just mean it involves inflicting psychological violence on another individual attacking their being and attempting to destroy his or her spirit. A number of behaviours are considered verbally abusive behaviours such as angry outbursts, screaming rages and name calling verbal abuse often includes blaming and intimidation verbal abuse can be overt or covert but it is always about controlling often verbal abusers tell their victims what to think and how to feel they refuse to see or understand the victims point of view. The effects of verbal abuse can affect an individual self image and affect someone in emotional psychological ways it can lead to low self esteem as well as depression victim may already be experiencing at home or in other places in some cases verbal abuse can reach a point where the victim is so depressed and wants escape so badly that the individual may turn to substance abuse or in some extreme cases suicide. ...read more.


The factors thought to influence the actions of an abuser lot of them have suffered; physical, emotional or sexual abuse themselves especially as children. Self-destructive Behaviour: Are any behaviour that negatively impact an individual mind or body by life choices they make most individuals are unaware of their self destructive habits usually there is some problem with handling or expressing feeling self harm is a pattern of intentional self injury not death. Serious injuries occur including death accidentally types of self destructive behaviours avoiding responsibility, being overly sensitive, compulsive r addictive behaviours, excessive need for approval, setting their self up for failure, self pity, not taking care of their health and not allowing others to help. The types of harm could include: * Burning * Cutting * Excessive Piercing * Excessive Tattooing * Hair Pulling * Picking Skin * Punching Self or objects * Scratching Self destructive behaviour may be used as a coping mechanism when things get ?too much? e.g.: when faced with their work rather than cope with the stress self destructive behaviour may also start itself in an attempt to drive away other people. The important aspect of self-destructive behaviour is the inability to handle the stress stemming from an individual?s lack of self-confidence. Causes of self destructive behaviours is often a form of self punishment in response to a personal failure it is common misconception that self destructive behaviours is inherently attention seeking while this may be true in some cases the individual may not have the motivation. ...read more.


standing and difficult to understand behaviours positive behaviour management is a long term realistic developmental influences on behaviour the importance of quality information to support approaches it finds the need to understand triggers for prevention. ABC method (antecedents, behaviours and consequences) associated with the behaviours Antecedents are the time, people, places or events in the environment that are present prior to the target behaviour antecedents can include ?slow triggers? technically known as setting events that increases the probability of the behaviour out coming and ?fast triggers? events that seem to immediately start the behaviour in a predictable pattern. Antecedents can be categorized into fast triggers or slow triggers: * Fast Triggers are events with a discrete onset and provoke or prompt a specific behaviour in an immediate way e.g.: loud noise, a specific task, a specific direction, taking something away * Behaviours include the duration of the behaviour they are specific e.g.: screaming can vary in intensity and duration and may or may not be a behaviour to target if the intensity is mild * Consequences are events that occur directly after the behaviour it is important to consider 2 different types of consequences: * Planned consequences imposed after negative behaviour * Unplanned consequences e.g.: actual events that take place after a behaviour is displayed e.g.: a teacher may decide to withdraw attention from a student who is swearing while peers may laugh at the student often it is the unplanned consequences that have the most significant impact on the behaviour. ...read more.

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