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British Political Timeline 1815-85

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TIMELINE 1815 ? End of Napoleonic wars against France 1816 ? Spa Fields Meeting, London ? Calls for reform; ended in riots and looting 1817 ? Pentridge Rising ? Failureof attempt to capture Nottingham castle by unemployed textile workers The Blanketeers ? A march to London by unemployed Manchester workers to present a petition to the Prince Regent; but was broken up by troops 1819 ? Peterloo ? Meeting in Field, Manchester, to demand parliamentary reform, broken up by force, killing 11 people and wounding many more The Six Acts ? The government makes peaceful protest difficult 1829-30 ? Distress in towns and countryside ? High poor rates and high unemployment 1829 ? Birmingham Political Union founded ? Pressure group to focus and lead reform movements, many political unions formed Roman Catholic Relief Act ? Roman Catholics given the right to vote in general elections and stand up for election in the House of Commons 1830 ? Many leading London and provincial papers in favour of parliamentary reform General election returns Tory government ? Majority greatly reduced (Wellington PM0; ministry later defeated on civil list vote and Wellington resigns, King asks Grey (a Whig leader) ...read more.


election ? Peel and the Conservatives have a common majority of about 80 seats 1842 ? Presentation of the second Petition to parliament ? Chartist convention meets in London, second Chartist Petition rejected by parliament, industrial unrest including the ?Plug Plot? riots supported by Chartists, trials of Chartist leaders following their arrest 1843 ? Chartist Land Plan established ? O?Connor tried in Lancaster, convicted on minor charges and released, Chartist Convention agrees to support O?Connor?s Land Plan to buy land on which to settle Chartists 1846 ? Repeal of the Corn Laws ? Peel?s Conservative Party splits between Peelites, who favoured repeal, and the majority who did not 1847 ? Chartist settlement ? First Chartists? colony (O?Connorville) opened in Hertfordshire, O?Connor elected as MP for Nottingham 1948 ? Year of revolutions ? Revolution in France, followed by widespread revolutions across Europe. Riots in London, Manchester and Glasgow. Massive Chartist demonstration in London on Kennington Common; third Chartist petition rejected by parliament. Chartist riots in London and Bradford. Chartist land colonies opened in Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire 1850 ? Death of Peel ? Peelites absorbed into the emerging Liberal Party under, Lord Aberdeen (Peelite) and then Lord Palmerston 1851 ? Chartist Land Company closed down ? Chartist Convention adopts programme of socio-democratic reform, National Co-operative Land ...read more.


school boards to provide schools in areas where schools previously did not exist 1871 ? Trade Union Act ? Trade unions given legal status and the right to strike Criminal Law Amendment Act ? Severe penalties for picketing 1872 ? Ballot Act ? Voting in general elections and by elections becomes secret Licensing Act ? Creates crime of being drunk in public and regulates opening times in public houses 1874 ? General election ? Conservative victory 1877 ? National Federation of Liberal Associations ? Founded by Joseph Chamberlain, in Birmingham, with the aim of providing an umbrella organisation and co-ordinating body for all local Liberal organisations pressuring the government to accept their policies 1879-80 Midlothian Campaign ? Gladstone attacks Disraeli?s imperial policy as being ?immoral?, and takes issues directly to his electors 1880 ? General election Liberal victory 1883 ? The Corrupt and Illegal Practices Prevention Act ? Wipes out more severe cases of bribery and coercion Primrose League founded ? Admitted me and women in a hierarchical membership scheme and aimed to promote conservatism and conservative candidates 1884 ? The Representation of the People Act (the Franchise Act) ? The counties are given householder representation 1885 ? The Redistribution of Seats Act ? Seats are redistributed more sensibly to reflect the population redistribution ...read more.

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