How had Britain become more democratic by 1918?
How had Britain become more democratic by 1918? In 1850, Britain was an undemocratic country. At this time the electoral system divided Boroughs and Counties. Voting qualifications were different in boroughs and constituencies. The vote was only given to men over the age of 21 providing their property was valued at £10 or more, or land was more than £2 per year in rent. Seats were distributed unequally and traditional ruling families usually formed the Cabinet. Furthermore, bribery and corruption were widespread and only the minority of the population were entitled to vote. At this time there was no form of a basic education for the population masses and there was still a lot of power lying within the House Of Lords and not with elected officials. A certain degree of money was necessary to stand for election because this was not a paying job, which, as a result stopped vast numbers of people standing for election because the did not have the finances to support themselves. Nor were they able to afford to stand for election as due to bribery and corruption, the poor stood no chance of winning as they did not have the money to provide voters with what they wanted in return for their support. For democracy, there needed to be regular elections and although at this time elections were every seven years, this was not often enough. However between 1850 and 1918, progress was
The theater was a very important aspect of Elizabethan life in the medieval ages. Life in Elizabethan times was difficult and dangerous. Many people were poor tenant farmers, often living at the mercy
Phil Connor Mr. Jensen English 11-C 5/22/03 During the 1500s in England a burst of literary accomplishments arose that was never before seen in the history of theater. In the new idea of theaters, playwrights lifted the Elizabethan Theater to new heights. Men like Shakespeare dared to write plays about real people in a variety of real situations. Through their efforts, Shakespeare produced plays that were far more sophisticated and entertaining than any plays of the past. Audiences expressed their pleasure by demanding more and more plays. The public shared a great deal of interest in the theaters and playwrights of this time. People from all over the city of London would travel to experience the drama of the Elizabethan Theater. The theater was a very important aspect of Elizabethan life in the medieval ages. Life in Elizabethan times was difficult and dangerous. Many people were poor tenant farmers, often living at the mercy of wealthy landowners. Elizabethans sought relief from their harsh lives by attending plays and other forms of entertainment, which made the theater so important to Elizabethan culture. There were many theaters in Elizabethan times, all very similar to each other. However, when William Shakespeare began writing playwrights, his final production was so exceptional, that no other person could compare. With this, Shakespeare was mainly featured at
'A religious settlement of her own choosing'. How far is this an accurate view of the settlement of the Church of England under Elizabeth I?
Alex Jockelson 'A religious settlement of her own choosing'. How far is this an accurate view of the settlement of the Church of England under Elizabeth I? The debate has arisen as to whether the Elizabethan religious settlement was actually an accurate reflection of the monarch's true desires or that, in contrast, Elizabeth was pressurised into a decision that she was not altogether content with. Both views have their downfalls but whilst it is hard to convince us that Elizabeth found the settlement altogether agreeable, there is no doubt that she intended from the start to restore royal authority over the Church and probably wished to introduce a Protestant service of some kind, though of what kind is unclear. Elizabeth had been tutored by Protestants, and she never seriously considered maintaining Catholicism as the national religion. Denouncing Protestantism would have been disloyal to her parents, her friends, and her beliefs. The only question was how quickly she would seek to reinstate Protestantism, but this was a question requiring very serious consideration - Elizabeth needed to remain secure on her new throne, and Protestant leanings had the chance of aggravating the powerful Spanish. Although she had no intention of keeping the Catholic faith, she did make some significant concessions to conservatives, and indeed also to the more radical Protestants. The Act
A Wrinkle in Time - Book review.
A Wrinkle in Time is the story of Meg Murry, a high-school-aged girl who is transported on an adventure through time and space with her younger brother Charles Wallace and her friend Calvin O'Keefe to rescue her father, a gifted scientist, from the evil forces that hold him prisoner on another planet. At the beginning of the book, Meg is a homely, awkward, but loving girl, troubled by personal insecurities and her concern for her father, who has been missing for over a year. The plot begins with the arrival of Mrs. Whatsit at the Murry house on a dark and stormy evening. Although she looks like an eccentric tramp, she is actually a celestial creature with the ability to read Meg's thoughts. She startles Meg's mother by reassuring her of the existence of a tesseract--a sort of "wrinkle" in space and time. It is through this wrinkle that Meg and her companions will travel through the fifth dimension in search of Mr. Murry. On the afternoon following Mrs. Whatsit's visit, Meg and Charles Wallace walk over to Mrs. Whatsit's cabin. On the way, they meet Calvin O'Keefe, a popular boy in Meg's school whom Charles considers a kindred spirit. The three children learn from Mrs. Whatsit and her friends Mrs. Who and Mrs. Which that the universe is threatened by a great evil called the Dark Thing and taking the form of a giant cloud, engulfing the stars around it. Several planets have
Dear Diary, It is with disappointment that I share my thoughts with you. Prior to my stay at Northanger I had told of the ample livings I had assumed it to be. I have, since my last entry arrived at Northanger and, although I received a more than substantial welcoming, I am rather dismayed at its modern appearance and, while I have received a very favourable residence, it is not what Mr Tilney had suggested to me. It is, indeed, an Abbey - but a modern one. Mr Tilney had led me to believe it was an enormous, unearthly building, the type of establishment in which one might encounter an appearation of some sort! In fact it is a pleasant place - very agreeable and not in the least haunted. My eye was immediately caught upon the gravelled road on which we entered by and from that instance I have only found this dwelling to be of a contemporary fashion. I was sodden upon my arrival, which was extremely unpleasant and I was fearful that Henry might have seen me looking horrid and unsightly. I do hope not! Once I entered the Abbey I was shewn around the drawing room. I attempted to consider where I was despite being dazed by a damp bonnet. How heavenly it was to be in a real Abbey! And all at once I forgot my pre-meditations of how an Abbey is supposed to be presented. The fireplace is just extraordinary - with its plain, marble slabs - and rested on it, the prettiest English
Oliver Cromwell "Many people in our times... have a great respect for the memory of Oliver Cromwell, as being a man of devout religion and a great champion of the liberties of the nation." - Nathaniel Crouch, A History of Oliver Cromwell "Without doubt, no man with more wickedness ever brought to pass what he desired more wickedly." - Ear of Clarendon, History of the Rebellion Which of these quotes describes Oliver Cromwell? History had showed us the kind of person he was. Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon in 1599. He got his education at Huntingdon Grammar School and Sydney Sussex College. He studied law in London. Sponsored by the Montagu family he was elected to the House of Commons in 1628. When Parliament dissolved in 1629 he took up farming in Huntingdon. Soon afterwards he was converted to Puritanism. After the Civil War broke out in England, Cromwell returned back to Parliament to represent Cambridge. Cromwell was a strong critic of Charles II. Cromwell joined the Parliamentary forces and served under Edward Montagu, Duke of Manchester. Cromwell took the job with no military training, although his experience of a large landowner gave him vast knowledge on horses. Cromwell figured that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat King Charles II. Cromwell trained his Calvary to keep together after a charge. This way his men
INTRODUCTION Oliver Cromwell was an English soldier and statesman; he was a Huntingdonshire gentleman, who rose to power as the most successful general of the English Civil War, he also provided leadership for the New Model Army in its quarrel with the Long Parliament, and was instrumental in the trial and execution of Charles I in 1649. His conquest of Scotland and Ireland (1649-1653) preserved the English Commonwealth, and he governed Great Britain as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death. EARLY YEARS Oliver was the only son of a younger son of the family. Oliver Cromwell was born in Huntingdon on April 25, 1599; he attended the local grammar school before going to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, which had a reputation for Puritanism. In 1620 he married Elizabeth Bourchier and settled down on his modest estate. He was also a Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in the parliament of 1628-1629. Cromwell's wealth as a country landowner, never large, declined in the 1630s. In 1631 he sold most of his land at Huntingdon and rented grazing land at St Ives. In 1636, however, he inherited an estate from his wife's family and moved to Ely. His house there, in the shadow of Ely Cathedral, is now a Cromwell museum. As well as a loss of social status, he may have undergone a religious awakening at this time, which placed him among the ranks of the more militantly Protestant, or
Do you agree with the view that the 1832 reform act was a conservative measure with limited effects?
b) Do you agree with the view that the 1832 reform act was a conservative measure with limited effects? In this essay i plan to look at the statement that the 1832 Reform act was a conservative measure with limited effect. To do this i plan to not only use my knowledge of it but to analyse some primary sources from the time and secondary sources published afterwards. However before i start i think it would be important to define the term conservative. Wikipedia defines it as "Conservatism (Latin: conservare, "to preserve") is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional institutions and supports, at the most, minimal and gradual change in society. " Firstly i plan to look at the reasoning behind agreement with the statement. Firstly in agreement with the statement was the fact that it only secured voting rights for a very select bunch of people. This is very much inkeeping with the definition of conservative i have given. This inkeeps with the political system when it was set up as only a very select amount of people had a say. This made the political parties alot less accountable. With only an electorate of 800,000 out of a population of 24,000,000 the parties were only accountable to the aristocracy and a select few of the middle class. Also it becomes clear to me from Source 4 and 5 that it was again a conservative measure with
How democratic was Britain by 1911?
How Democratic was Great Britain by 1911? By Ifrah Qureshi For a country to be considered democratic it must meet certain key terms, central to the idea of democracy. These elements of democracy include: the right to vote in confidence within a fair free election, on equal footing for all adults. Anyone should be able to stand up for parliament and the actions of the parliament should be accountable to the voters. Voters should be given a choice of parties to vote from and access to information to make an informed decision. By 1911 Britain had met with most of these terms making it more democratic than it had ever been before, though not a fully democratic society. Before the early nineteenth century the British government was ruled by wealthy landowning aristocracy and only the wealthy elite of society had the vote. The French revolution popularized the idea of a reform as more and more people were becoming aware of the power they held if united against the government. The Industrial revolution also brought about a change in how people lived and the people felt it about time that the government changed too. Towns grew larger and more concentrated due to job dispersion, resulting in the fast spread if new radical political ideas. The development of railways and a national press also helped to spread new ideas and allow people to access information they could not before. The
How successful was Henry VII in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to 1509?
How successful was Henry VII in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to 1509? (24 marks) As a king Henry had 4 main priorities in regard to his ‘personal’ relations with the princes of Europe, these were: to secure his throne; to achieve international recognition of his kingship and his dynasty’s legitimate succession; to promote prosperity in England; and finally to maintain prestige whilst keeping costs down. Henry thought that the best way to achieve his second priority would be through marriage alliances with royal families from other countries. Foreign royal marriages were common; it was a good way to establish alliances. Henry was able to achieve international recognition through the signing of Treaties. It is debatable how successful Henry VII was in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to 1509, I will be discussing the positive and negative outcomes Henry had to face whilst trying to secure his international recognition throughout this essay. Firstly, Henry VII negotiated marriage alliances with Scotland for Princess Margaret. Relations between Scotland and England were always tense, the kings of Scotland traditionally owed allegiance to the English Kings but always looked for ways to avoid it. After the failed invasion of James IV who had sided with Warbeck, Henry was able to offer terms on which a treaty could be based. In