• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider How Far Gladstone And Disraeli Differed In Their Policies Regarding The British Empire and Foreign Policy (Until 1880)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Consider How Far Gladstone And Disraeli Differed In Their Policies Regarding The British Empire and Foreign Policy (Until 1880) Gladstone and Disraeli generally had very different policies regarding the British Empire and foreign policy. Disraeli tended to shape his policies in regards to what is in the best interests of Britain and her empire. Gladstone was a man who followed his principles and Christian ethics; his foreign policy was an example of his beliefs in practice, as it tended to be humanitarian, measured and showed consideration to other nations. However there were instances where the two bitter rivals overlapped with their actions. There were a number of imperial and foreign issues throughout the ministries of Gladstone and Disraeli. A foreign issue that turned into a major difference between Gladstone and Disraeli was over the Bulgarian horrors of the mid 1870's, which resided within the Eastern question. The issue of the Bulgarian horrors was one of relatively small importance but had important, wide-ranging connotations, which could affect Europe and also provided a platform for Gladstone and Disraeli to continue their rivalry. In 1875 it emerged that the Turks massacred 12,000 Christians from Bulgaria, which was part of the Ottoman Empire. This issue raised questions over how Britain intended to keep peace in Europe and allowed them to reassess their allegiances in Eastern Europe. Britain's main concern during this period was Russia. It was seen as a problem before this time and continued to be so afterwards. Britain has always been wary of Russia expanding further into Europe and becoming too dominant. ...read more.

Middle

However he pushed Bulgaria and Turkey into becoming disillusioned with Britain as they turned out to be economic have-nots. This pushed them to supporting Germany in the First World War. This is a key example of Disraeli's short-term solutions. Lee argues that in rejecting the Berlin Memorandum he developed a lack of cohesion between large European nations, which led to the First World War. Smith agrees and concludes that Disraeli "came into office in 1874 without a single concrete proposal in his head". This further promotes the idea of his short-minded ideas, which he had little time to develop or contemplate, and his opportunism. Gladstone's ideas tended to concentrate on long term solutions but it would be wrong to say he did not quickly rise to opportunities that promoted themselves as he gained small parts of West Africa and areas of Egypt and Sudan by capitalising on opportunities in 1882, it would be fair to say both men's minds were extraordinarily quick to react to situations however they focused their minds on different ways of approaching a problem. Gladstone looked at long-term solutions regardless of how it affected his popularity whereas Disraeli carried out policies that he believed would not harm his popularity, which tended to be short-term solutions. During Disraeli's ministry he also got Britain involved with a variety of other incidents although generally not as large as the Eastern question, such incidents he got involved with proved him to be active in his imperial policies as well as just foreign. He invaded Afghanistan, which led to a massacre of British troops in Kabul, which he was widely blamed for by the public. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also interesting that none of his resignations or retirements lasted very long. Gladstone's views would certainly reflect today's views far more than Disraeli's would, at present we leave live in a time of great peace in Europe and globally if it was not for exceptional circumstances, leading us to believe Gladstone had a better way of dealing with foreign issues, views of diplomacy, international interests and ethics, all of which are embraced today. To conclude, both men were unprincipled in some aspects of their policies, favoured empire, were active in invasions at some point and both men were equal in their hatred of one another. These men have divided politicians and historians like no other two politicians, however closer analysis proves the men were not so different in their goals as some would have us believe. Both were opportunistic and tended to seek what was best for them. However they had their differences which outweighed their similarities, Gladstone concentrated on long term solutions, was internationally minded and promoted his ethical side, whereas Disraeli was the reverse of these. Both men were mavericks and had little loyalty to their parties. It would be fair to say that in opposition and when speaking about one another they were outspoken and highly critical. However once in government they both got caught in the fervour of imperial strength and might, this brings us to Lord Acton's famous saying that "power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely", which claimed Gladstone as a victim as although he was a very principled, ethical and religious man when in power these were occasionally pushed to the side in place of the same political advantage and one-upmanship that Disraeli used. 1 Leo Matlock ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Moon Landing: Conspiracy or Reality?

    Ralph Rene, the New Jersey author of NASA Mooned America claims that, "Before they'd [the astronauts] go halfway there they'd all [have] been dying from radiation poisoning" (Dean). Since the belt is located at approximately 665 km above the Earth, the way NASA solved the overdose radiation problem was for

  2. Disreli and Gladstone

    Everyone possesses their own opinions about the world, and towards other people. Many have biased opinions about the government's operation, as a result it would be a threat that people would take advantage to seek a referendum to express their dissatisfaction with the government and become ignorant of the important issues displayed.

  1. Free essay

    Do you consider military intervention in Africa as successful? Focus on the policies in ...

    Peace enforcement on the other hand is that of "action with or without the consent of parties to ensure compliance with a cease-fire mandated by the Security Council acting under the authority of Chapter VII of the UN Charter." Therefore, force is able to be used and not just in self-defence.

  2. history essay 1880 to the present day

    Their religion was different, and usually strictly observed. Their first language was Yiddish, not Russian or Polish. Their children were banned from many schools, and they had little communication with their Christian neighbours. In 1882, May laws against them were enforced.

  1. The Foreign Policy of the Lone Superpower

    Department of State, Dictionary of International Relations Terms, 1987, p. 85)12. The former United States Information Agency, which has made public diplomacy its business for more than forty years, defined public diplomacy as follows: "Public diplomacy seeks to promote the national interest and the national security of the United

  2. With reference to the period 1880 to the present day, explain why people chose ...

    Another reason for their outflow was, the number of Jews in Russia grew and they were restricted in earning a living because of the May laws passed. These laws had a major impact upon Jew living since both education and work was affected.

  1. What is the relative importance of the foreign and external context of foreign policy ...

    The example of the Third Reich's foreign policy and how the League of Nations responded brings me to another significant issue in the analysis of the international context which is the relationship between larger and smaller nations. As, though it objected, Czechoslovakia was ordered that Germany could reclaim the predominantly German inhabited Sudetenland from them.

  2. In the context of the period 1905-2005, how far do you agree that Khrushchev ...

    The fact remains, that involvement in war prohibited development. A state in international conflict had to redirect its resources, from industrial expansion and/or social development, to defence departments; Stalin?s tenure is testimony to this. Though at the beginning priority was given to economic matters, during the later part (1939 onwards), all economic resources were redirected into military expansion and development, in preparation for war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work