• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and explain the changes in the involvement of United States in Vietnam between 1950 and 1970.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe and explain the changes in the involvement of United States in Vietnam between 1950 and 1970. Vietnam was a big part of the foreign policy for America and it was a major issue for all five presidents, it was dominant from 1950 to 1975. The American involvement in Vietnam split US opinion. During the 1950's President Eisenhower was determined to stop South Vietnam falling to communism, he believed in the domino theory and since China, North Korea and North Vietnam were already communist he didn't want the whole of South East Asia to fall to communism as well. To prevent this the USA decided to 'prop up' South Vietnam with money, supplies and military equipment, altogether 1 billion dollars was given to the South Vietnam government by Eisenhower, which was led by Diem. Many people considered Diems government to be a 'puppet' government. ...read more.

Middle

Kennedy also used the tactic of strategic hamlets; he knew that South Vietnams peasants supported the communist group the NLF so advisers thought that the US had a better chance of winning if they stopped the peasants making contact with the NLF. They took the peasants out of their villages and put them in the strategic hamlets that were surrounded by barbed wire and were controlled by Americans, around 40% of the Vietnamese population was moved in this way. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 and he was replaced by Lyndon Johnson. Johnson decided to escalate US involvement in South Vietnam, when a US ship was attacked in the gulf of Tonkin by the North Vietnamese in 1964 he used this as his excuse to launch a full scale war on Vietnam. This was called the Tonkin Resolution. Johnson's tactic was to use bombs; he believed he had to stop the North Vietnamese getting supplies to the NLF so the air force bombed strategic targets in North Vietnam such as army bases and bridges. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nixon started to remove US troops but he continued to supply the South Vietnamese with money and arms, but he decided to let the South Vietnamese themselves do the fighting, this policy was called Vietnamisation. Nixon didn't want the communists to win so he continued to bomb North Vietnam, America were also bombing Laos and Cambodia secretly; he wanted 'peace with honour'. An armistice was finally signed in 1973 at Paris and the American soldiers went home. An agreement had been made but fighting dragged on for another 2 years with the communists winning and in 1975 the NLF captured the Southern capital Saigon and renamed it after their leader Ho Chi Minh who died in 1969. The US had to change their tactics so often because they couldn't deal with the North Vietnamese, they were unable to catch them with their use of hit and run style guerilla tactics, the Vietnamese had the advantage of knowledge of the local area and they could mingle in with the peasants because they had no uniform. GCSE History Kevin Mc Anena 12F ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Rifai selected the controversial Ghanim as his minister of defence; all other cabinet ministers except one were also military officers. Franjieh's motives were difficult to discern. Some believed his move was part of a plot to cement Maronite dominance of the government.

  2. How did the USA escalate their involvement in Vietnam?

    belief and paranoia that if Communism was left to its own devices it would spread over the world. His main involvement in Vietnam was sending financial help to the French colonialists, who were later defeated, and propping up an unpopular Catholic Diem by sending him Billions of dollars worth of aid.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    Asia and passed laws which forced the withdrawal of America from the region. 1965 August 7, congress passed the South East Asia resolution granting Johnson considerable power to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attacks against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression".

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    London authorities attempted to meet the costs of imperial administration by levying a tax on the colonials; the STAMP ACT of 1765 required a tax on all public documents, newspapers, notes and bonds, and almost every other printed paper. A raging controversy that brought business practically to a standstill erupted in the colonies.

  1. America's involvement in WWII

    The real concern of American business was not "the rights or wrongs of trading with fascism" but the fear that commercial rivals such as Japan and Germany would exclude American goods from Europe and Asia altogether (273). It is very easy to point and accuse the united states of being

  2. History of the United States

    Almost every Massachusetts town experienced the horror of Indian warfare; thousands on both sides were slaughtered before King Philip, the Wampanoag chief, was killed in 1676 and the war ended. Virginians, appalled at this event, in 1676 began attacking the Occaneechees despite the disapproval of the royal governor, Sir William BERKELEY.

  1. American Involvement in Vietnam.

    He never listened to the Americans wishes and made decisions; even though the Americans didn't support him they felt that they had to leave him in. The USA was scared about the spread of communism throughout South East Asia. After the Korean War between 1950 and 53 the Americans had

  2. America's involvement in WWII.

    They were the values expressed by secretary of state, Cordel Hull: "a primary interest in peace with justice, in economic well-being with stability, and conditions of order under the law". These were principles here on which most Americans (ninety-four percent as of 1939) agreed on.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work