• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the changing relationships between Henry VIII and the Kings of Spain between 1509-1529.

Extracts from this document...


Lizzi Middleton Describe they changing relationships between Henry VIII and the Kings of Spain between 1509-1529. In 1501, Prince Arthur, eldest son of King Henry VII and heir to the English throne, married Catherine of Aragon of Spain as proposed in the Treaty of Medina Del Campo in an aim to strengthen the alliance and friendship between the two countries. This was short lived however, as prince Arthur died soon after the marriage and Henry VII, desperate for the support of the Ferdinand the Spanish king at the time, arranged for the newly widowed Catherine to marry his younger son, Henry. In 1509, Henry VII died leaving his newly crowned son to repair the relationship with Spain after his father had unnecessarily angered Ferdinand, in the Treaty Of Windsor. On 11th June 1509, Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were married and this alliance slowly began to rebuild the friendship between the two countries, strengthening the alliance and building up the trust. It is important to note that Ferdinand was very well respected by Henry VIII who was keen to be in his alliance. Henry respected Ferdinand's knowledge of the Royal courts and saw himself as inferior to such an experienced ruler. Little happened between the two countries until the enlargement of The Holy League in October 1511 when Ferdinand gave the signal and England joined in with the alliance in November that year. ...read more.


In 1519 Maximilian died resulting in the three young kings coveting the position of Holy Roman Emperor. The natural choice was Charles V as he was the grandson of both Maximilian and Ferdinand but Francis and Henry both campaigned for the title. At the age of just nineteen, Charles V became Holy Roman Emperor now ruling Germany, Austria, the Low Countries and parts of Italy as well as Spain and this dramatically changed his status on the international scene, a new power had been created which was strong enough to challenge the superiority of France and thus began a new stage of European politics. Thomas Wolsey saw the opportunity of benefiting from the ancient rivalry between the houses of Hapsburg and Valois and in 1520 negotiated a meeting between Henry VIII and Francis. This meeting took place in May 1520 and has become famously known as the 'Field of The Cloth of Gold' and, more diplomatically, the beginning of the end of the Treaty Of London. Charles V, also eager to court English friendship, arrived for a state visit in 1520 in an attempt to persuade Henry not to meet with Francis but Henry refused instead agreeing to meet Charles in Flanders afterwards. After three weeks of competition, Henry VIII and Francis I signed a treaty of friendship, putting an end to the meeting of the Field of The Cloth of Gold but in reality they were not at peace, and there remained a great deal of tension between the two kings. ...read more.


In January 1528, England and France declared war on the Emperor in alliance with each other, which was ineffective in reducing the Emperor's strength. In 1529 the Peace of Cambrai brought a settlement between France, the Empire and the pope but Henry played no part in this alliance. Henry VII's relationship with the King's of Spain varied dramatically between the years of 1509 and 1529. When Henry came to the throne in 1509, his ambitions were to wage war against France and so he pursued and rebuilt his father's peaceful policy with Ferdinand whom he greatly respected as a counterweight to the supreme power. The relationship was then peaceful and the two countries were in negotiation with each other until the death of Ferdinand in 1516 and the accession of Charles V to the throne, whose policy varied dramatically from that of Ferdinand's, involving very little interest in France. The competitive relations between the young King of France and Henry primarily increased the alliance between Henry and Charles as a counterweight to the power but when Charles gained the title of Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 the balance of power shifted and Henry was infuriated at the respect that he should hold for someone less experienced than himself. Charles's newly found power resulted in Henry making alliances with France and other European powers to try and counterbalance him but from the battle of Pavia in 1525, and Charles capture of the Papacy in 1527, Henry and Charles were enemies resulting in the exclusion of England from the Peace of Cambrai in 1529. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful was English foreign policy in the years 1509 1529?

    4 star(s)

    And Wolsey knew he would have to come up with a solution to keep the Kings favour; in order to do that, he organised the 'London Treaty'. This meant that on the 3rd of October, in 1518, a meeting was held in London attended by representatives of the European powers:

  2. How far did Henry VIII achieve his aims 1509 - 1514?

    This was a successful step towards dealing with Yorkist threats, as he has proven he would be a strong king against them. Henry was also successful in dealing with the nobles, from the outset. When Henry VII died, the news of his death was delayed long enough for Henry VIII

  1. King Henry VIII.

    Next year, the attempt to levy a special tax led to such fierce resistance that Henry rescinded it, he and the Cardinal both trying to take the credit for the remission of what they had been jointly responsible for imposing.

  2. This essay examines the actions of Charles VII in relation to events pertaining to ...

    Motivated by jealousy, they undermined her missions hoping a failure would diminish the threat she presented.4 The Dauphin delayed his departure for Rheims rather than relenting to the wishes of Joan; Charles hoped to appear as though he dominated Joan rather than being the submissive sovereign benefiting from her glory.5

  1. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    visitors and ensuring that foreign ambassadors were suitably impressed when they visited this most splendid display of wealth and power. No surface was left undecorated, tapestries hung over linen fold panelling, ceilings were moulded and gilded, canopies of golden cloth hung elegantly and floors were scented with saffron rushes.

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question

    which could include an amendment to the enfranchisement of women and the bill was dropped. Female enfranchisement received little support from prominent liberals, who condemned the bill as fundamentally detrimental to the party?s interests. There was a fear that women would vote conservative. ? The second conciliation bill was dropped.

  1. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    However, women were explicitly removed from the democratic process. The 1832 Great Reform Act had referred to ?male? rather than ?persons?. By 1884 two thirds of men could vote, but along with criminals and inmates of lunatic asylum?s women could not vote.

  2. Explain why Henry VIII wanted to end his marriage to Catherine of Aragon in ...

    Nonetheless, it could be argued that Henry?s frantic search for an heir was futile due to the existence of Henry Fitzroy, having already been made Duke by Henry. However, Henry was attuned to the fact he required a legitimate heir and a baseborn bastard son would not be recognised in the eyes of the nobility.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work