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Describe the changing relationships between Henry VIII and the Kings of Spain between 1509-1529.

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Lizzi Middleton Describe they changing relationships between Henry VIII and the Kings of Spain between 1509-1529. In 1501, Prince Arthur, eldest son of King Henry VII and heir to the English throne, married Catherine of Aragon of Spain as proposed in the Treaty of Medina Del Campo in an aim to strengthen the alliance and friendship between the two countries. This was short lived however, as prince Arthur died soon after the marriage and Henry VII, desperate for the support of the Ferdinand the Spanish king at the time, arranged for the newly widowed Catherine to marry his younger son, Henry. In 1509, Henry VII died leaving his newly crowned son to repair the relationship with Spain after his father had unnecessarily angered Ferdinand, in the Treaty Of Windsor. On 11th June 1509, Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon were married and this alliance slowly began to rebuild the friendship between the two countries, strengthening the alliance and building up the trust. It is important to note that Ferdinand was very well respected by Henry VIII who was keen to be in his alliance. Henry respected Ferdinand's knowledge of the Royal courts and saw himself as inferior to such an experienced ruler. Little happened between the two countries until the enlargement of The Holy League in October 1511 when Ferdinand gave the signal and England joined in with the alliance in November that year. ...read more.


In 1519 Maximilian died resulting in the three young kings coveting the position of Holy Roman Emperor. The natural choice was Charles V as he was the grandson of both Maximilian and Ferdinand but Francis and Henry both campaigned for the title. At the age of just nineteen, Charles V became Holy Roman Emperor now ruling Germany, Austria, the Low Countries and parts of Italy as well as Spain and this dramatically changed his status on the international scene, a new power had been created which was strong enough to challenge the superiority of France and thus began a new stage of European politics. Thomas Wolsey saw the opportunity of benefiting from the ancient rivalry between the houses of Hapsburg and Valois and in 1520 negotiated a meeting between Henry VIII and Francis. This meeting took place in May 1520 and has become famously known as the 'Field of The Cloth of Gold' and, more diplomatically, the beginning of the end of the Treaty Of London. Charles V, also eager to court English friendship, arrived for a state visit in 1520 in an attempt to persuade Henry not to meet with Francis but Henry refused instead agreeing to meet Charles in Flanders afterwards. After three weeks of competition, Henry VIII and Francis I signed a treaty of friendship, putting an end to the meeting of the Field of The Cloth of Gold but in reality they were not at peace, and there remained a great deal of tension between the two kings. ...read more.


In January 1528, England and France declared war on the Emperor in alliance with each other, which was ineffective in reducing the Emperor's strength. In 1529 the Peace of Cambrai brought a settlement between France, the Empire and the pope but Henry played no part in this alliance. Henry VII's relationship with the King's of Spain varied dramatically between the years of 1509 and 1529. When Henry came to the throne in 1509, his ambitions were to wage war against France and so he pursued and rebuilt his father's peaceful policy with Ferdinand whom he greatly respected as a counterweight to the supreme power. The relationship was then peaceful and the two countries were in negotiation with each other until the death of Ferdinand in 1516 and the accession of Charles V to the throne, whose policy varied dramatically from that of Ferdinand's, involving very little interest in France. The competitive relations between the young King of France and Henry primarily increased the alliance between Henry and Charles as a counterweight to the power but when Charles gained the title of Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 the balance of power shifted and Henry was infuriated at the respect that he should hold for someone less experienced than himself. Charles's newly found power resulted in Henry making alliances with France and other European powers to try and counterbalance him but from the battle of Pavia in 1525, and Charles capture of the Papacy in 1527, Henry and Charles were enemies resulting in the exclusion of England from the Peace of Cambrai in 1529. ...read more.

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