• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Did Richard III lose or Henry win the throne in 1485?

Extracts from this document...


Did Richard III lose or Henry win the throne in 1485? I think Henry Tudor won the throne in 1485 at the battle of Bosworth Field. However Richard contributed heavily to Henrys success and didn't help himself. So in effect he also lost the throne. If Henry had not won this battle however it is likely the Richard would have carried on being king for quite some considerable time. It was however Richard who was responsible for the events leading up to the battle of Bosworth. Richards rule was always unstable due to his unlawful usurpation to the throne and his part as far as the public was concerned in the death of the two princes. As a result right from the start he didn't have the trust or support from his country. As soon as he became King people were already plotting against him. After he was crowned he travelled the country trying to raise support by refusing the generous gifts offered to him by various cities. However unknown to him a rebellion was been planned in the South. ...read more.


Richard did not make himself popular with two countries in particular. Under his brother Edwards rule Richard had been Warden of the West Marches. This meant guarding England's border against the Scottish was his responsibility. He took this role seriously and stopped many raids. Towards the latter stages of Edwards reign he then attacked Scotland marching up to Edinburgh. There he captured James III. Much to Richards annoyance he then had to retreat because a replacement for James couldn't be found and because of a lack of recourses and funding. This put him out of favour with the Scots which would have serious repercussions at the battle of Bosworth. All of these problems came to a head however when Henry Tudor appeared on the scene. Henry had a reasonable claim to the throne through his mother Margaret Beaufort Up to then Richard had been disliked by many but they were not strong enough to threaten him. However Henry provided the people with a figurehead with which they could rally around. ...read more.


This meant that Richard could not bring his superior numbers to bear as they were fighting across a narrow front. He then left his good defensive position. It is then that the mistrust which Richard had created became apparent when the Stanley's changed sides. This resulted in Richard having to make a daring charge in an attempt to win the battle by killing Henry. This however ultimately got him killed and resulted in Henry taking the throne for himself. In defensive of Richard he did come very close to killing Henry (he did kill his standard bearer) and it is easy to criticise in hindsight. Richards downfall was not all brought on by himself however Henry did have a large part to play in winning the crown. He successfully escaped capture and managed to gather a large amount of supporters. He then fought well at the battle of Bosworth despite having no previous combat experienced (though he was helped greatly by the desertion of Richards stepfather Lord Stanley). It is likely that without Henry as a rallying point Richard would have carried on being King despite his unpopularity as there was no one strong enough to oppose him. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain why Richard III was able to usurp the throne of England in June ...

    4 star(s)

    On the surface it appeared that there would be a smooth transmission from one adult to their rightful heir and Richard would pass the power to Edward when he came of age as Richard was a trustworthy brother it would appear he could be trusted to care for his nephews;

  2. Discuss Shakespeare's presentation of women in Richard III. Are they convincing characters?

    Elizabeth has taken three means of expressing love and motifs of love and twisted them. This is by far her most powerful speech as it's deep in irony by using these motifs and twisting them and indicating that she has the upper hand.

  1. Did Richard III lose the Throne, or did Henry Tudor gain it?

    He had lost a lot of respect from nobles and from the populus. Killing the Princes could be seen as one of the major factors of his downfall. It was common place in monarchical families to have brothers and sisters "put out of the picture", but even in these primitive times, the murder of innocent children was a taboo.

  2. How important was foreign support for Henry Tudor in explaining Richard III

    However, it is said that the French only supported Henry Tudor because they were taking the attention away from themselves as their king had died and left a young heir which meant that they were vulnerable to attack or invasion to other countries.

  1. How Strong Was Henry VII's Position On The Throne In 1485?

    Furthermore, Henry's grandfather Owen Tudor's marriage to Catherine of France may never have took place, although if it did it is believed to have been in secret around about 1431. The chance that the decedents of the Tudor line could perhaps be illegitimate also adds to the weakness of Henry's claim.

  2. How effective was Richard III as a king from 1483 - 1485?

    The official abolition occurred in 1484. He also established the College of Arms in 1484 and transferred Henry VI's remains to Windsor, a political gesture, showing that he was respectful towards the dead. Although Richard III had a fairly narrow power base, he did use patronage effectively, especially towards the nobility.

  1. The Battle of Bosworth.

    Ambion hill in the distance, they had a clear view of the hill and Richard had a clear view of them. As Polydore Vergil reports, " sending withal, to Thomas Stanley, who was now approaching the place of fight betwixt the two battles, that he could come to with his forces , to set the soldiers in array.

  2. Why did James II lose his throne?

    The bishops tried to work with James, but instead the King made them read his Declaration of Indulgence in the Church. Many bishops refused, something that they were constitutionally not allowed to do, some even went so far as to petition him, something that even parliament were undecided whether they could do.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work