• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Elizabeth and Parliament notes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Elizabeth and Parliament notes. The situation of parliament faced by Elizabeth I was extremely different to how it would have been today. She was firmly at the heart of the nation's political life. Parliament played no part in either its selection or its policy making. The House of Lords was at least as important as the House of Commons. Over a 1/3 of MPs were effectively nominated by powerful lords. It met only when and for as long as the queen wished it. In total there were 13 sessions called by Elizabeth, these being in 1. 1559 2. 1563 3. 1566 4. 1571 5. 1572 6. 1576 7. 1581 8. 1584 9. 1586 10. 1589 11. 1593 12. 1597 13. 1601 No session lasted for more than a few months. Its main action was to consider the issues that the Elizabeth's representatives asked it to. When any questioning of Elizabeth's actions actually happened they would always be moderate, cautious and highly respectable. Elizabeth clearly defined what issues could be raised and which could not be and those that were her prerogative e.g.: Religion (she was divinely appointed) ...read more.

Middle

In the 1980's historians such as Jones, Graves and Elton made claims that Neale had misunderstood the evidence on which his work was focused, his evidence was unreliable and conclusions were dubious and invalid. Now Elton has filled most of the spaces left open but there is still a lot of work to be done. The Neale Interpretation. Neale identifies the "Puritan Choir". He describes this a group of MPs who made attempts to force Elizabeth to make policies that its members liked and to raise the status of the House of Commons. To make this view he cam across a pamphlet that named 43 MPs of 1566 and from this he was able to identify on numerous occasions of when these men opposed the Queen's wishes, raised the profile of the House of Commons and made attempts to change laws. The Choir was responsible for forcing Elizabeth to create a more Protestant religious settlement that she really wanted. Also for creating problems with the marriage and succession problems in 1563 and 1566 and the problems with Mary Queen of Scots in 1572. Neale highlights parts where it seemed that the MPs foreshadowed events leading up to the Civil War (1566: the commons refusing to give money until she satisfied their grievances, not successful immediately but worked in 1640). ...read more.

Conclusion

Neale's work though should not be discredited; his work has brought up some correct findings. For example there was sometimes discontent between Elizabeth's actions and the MPs, for example the marriage problems of the 1560's and 1570's. Also he was correct in saying that a large number of MPs did work to try and get the Church of England to become more Protestant. There is the danger of saying that since some of his work has been wrong he is a poor historian however this is unfair and absurd. Most of his work is still being used today though it is 60 years old. He simply allowed himself to fall into the trap of selecting evidence that supported his claims and rejecting evidence that didn't. Many present day historians would claim that Whig historians have fallen into this trap by looking back into history for explanations of event that occur later on. Therefore those that write on the topic now have been careful to study the theme within its own time and contest (Elton for example). Thus Elton has found that the House of Lords was much greater than Neale had thought and that the attempts made by the House of Commons were simply "knee-jerk" that they had been forced to face by the inferiority of their positions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. coursework on Elizabeth I

    Mary's short reign of 5 years was a complete failure. The popular notion that England might become a mere colony of Spain gave rise to revolt. Mary suffered huge military defeats at the hand of France and left the country in turmoil for Elizabeth who would assume the throne in 1558 after Mary was overthrown.

  2. "Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's ...

    This portrays Elizabeth as being narrow minded and unwilling to cooperate. However the argument that has taken over Neale's interpretation is the Revisionist view. The revisionist historians believe that the council were pressuring Elizabeth to name a successor, however it was due to them being worried after her illness.

  1. East of Eden: An Interpretation

    Lee also accepted whatever life threw his way, but dealt with it intelligently and the best way he knew how. Lee was well liked, for a "chink." He respected those that gave him respect. By the end of the book, he had grown very attached to Abra, who spent a

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    with the added embarrassment of Frederick being the wrong gender they were summarily expelled from the WSPU. * Remarkably they seemed to bare the Pankhursts no ill-will and continued to edit the WSPU journal ?Votes for Women? Example 3 ? January 1914 * Sylvia Pankhurst ran the East London Federation

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work