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Europe and the Suez Crisis 1956 - To what extent was the military action undertaken by the British and French in the Suez Crisis 1956 really necessary?

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Introduction

HISTORICAL INVESTIGATION Europe and the Suez Crisis 1956 To what extent was the military action undertaken by the British and French in the Suez Crisis 1956 really necessary? Erika Udd�n IB 2C Words: 1901 Table of Content A. Plan of investigation 3 B. Summary of evidence 4 C. Evaluation of sources 6 D. Analysis 7 E. Conclusion 9 F. List of sources 10 Appendix 11 A. Plan of investigation To what extent was the military action undertaken by the British and French in the Suez Crisis 1956 really necessary? This historical investigation seeks to evaluate and compare the factors influencing the relationships and discussions between France and Britain during the Suez Crisis and thereby provoked them to commit military force to the region. The mainbody will look at the differences and similarities in Britain's and France's intentions in the Middle East, the internal situation (mainly in Britain), Nasser�s actions, public opinion in Western Europe as well as American and UN policies on the crisis. In order to carry out his investigation a variety of sources will be consulted primary and secondary, from which relevant information will be selected. Carlton�s "Britain and the Suez Crisis" and Thomas "The Suez Affair" will be of particular use. The sources used reliability (date of publication, author etc) ...read more.

Middle

Although it is acknowledged in the preface that there are problems of bias, subjectivity and perspectives in studying the past, the value of reading history "outweigh the drawbacks"10. Carlton�s book is far more analytical than Thomas� and includes different historical interpretations of the Crisis, which is of usefulness when studying the crisis from a broader perspective. However, Carlton�s book might be quite biased as it is very much written from a British perspective. Although both Carlton�s and Thomas�s books are British, they present a different view of the Suez Crisis, probably due to the different date of publication of the sources first edition. Although Thomas rewrote some parts of the book in his latest edition, the most substantial parts of his book, are based on sources available when the condemnation of the military action after the crisis made the propaganda turn against the British and French. In Carlton case, he has made an extensive use of materials released in the 80s, which seem to be friendlier towards he British and the French. By taking both sources in account they tell us how the history of the Suez Crisis has been reshaped due to political controversy and propaganda. D. Analysis If the Suez problem possibly could have been solved in a more diplomatic way, British and French prestige during the Cold War would doubtlessly have been more favorably after the crisis. ...read more.

Conclusion

and Israel to the Suez War, Longman, New York, 1991 Cornwell, R.D, World History in the twentieth century, Longman, England, 1984 Lowe, Norman, Mastering Modern World History, Third Edition, Macmillian Master Series, Biddles Ltd, Britain, 1997 Gildea, Robert, France since 194, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1996. Appendix The Six Principles: 1. There should be free and open transit through the Canal without discrimination, overt or covert. 2. The sovereignty of Egypt should be respected. 3. The operation of the Canal should be insulated from the politics of any country. 4. The manner of fixing tolls and charges should be decided by agreements between Egypt and the users. 5. Unresolved disputes between the Suez Canal Company and Egypt should be settles by arbitration. 1 Hugh Thomas, The Suez Affair, page 39 2 Ibid., page 41 3 Norman Lowe, Mastering Modern World History, page 230 4 David Carlton, Britain and the Suez Crisis, page 50 5 Hugh Thomas, The Suez Affair, page 40 6 Peter L. Hahn, The United States, Great Britain, and Egypt, 1945-1956, page 211 7 David Carlton, Britain and the Suez Crisis, page 52 8 Keith Robbins, The Eclipse of a Great Power, page 195 9 Hugh Thomas, The Suez Affair, page 7 10 David Carlton, Britain and The Suez Crisis, General Editor's Preface 11 David Carlton, Britain and the Suez Crisis, page 109 12 Ibid., page 63 7 1 ...read more.

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