• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how the failure to prepare for war in the period 1940-43 contributed to Italy's failure in the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked EXPLAIN HOW THE FAILURE TO PREPARE FOR WAR IN THE PERIOD 1940-43 CONTRIBUTED TO ITALY'S FAILURE IN THE 2WW. (8) It is undeniable that Italy was in no way prepared for the reality of war in 1940. Mussolini decided to enter war with the full knowledge that the Italian Commission on War Production had warned that Italy could not sustain a single year of warfare until 1949. No co-ordinating ministry was established to organise a future war effort with the result that the three armed forces competed against each other and no attempt was made to standardise equipment. ...read more.

Middle

The Air force possessed only 1000 effective planes with which to 'blot out the sun? and these were also of inferior quality. Army was also outdated, lacking tanks and they had virtually no anti-aircraft guns. The Chief of army staff complained to Mussolini but he assured him that there was no need for concern as the army was mainly intended for show and not for action. Furthermore, Italy was not economically prepared. The impact of the Abyssinian War and the Spanish Civil War had massively increased Italian levels of debt and Mussolini had failed to achieve autarky with the country still dependent on foreign imports of oil and fertilisers. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition to this, Mussolini insisted on ?assisting? Germany on the Eastern Front ? this was despite the fact that German military leaders would have preferred for these resources to be directed for use in the Balkans and North Africa. Mussolini?s ignorance of the strengths of the USA and the USSR also demonstrated a lack of preparation. It was clearly an error to commit Italy so lightly and with so little thought of the consequences against the world?s two military giants, the USA and the USSR. The former played a key role in the defeat of the Axis in North Africa, whilst the latter drained off troops that could have been used to prevent this. Overall, Mussolini?s failure to prepare Italy both militarily and economically for the war was a major contributing factor to Italy?s defeat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. The economic consequences of the First World War on Italy were the most significant(TM). ...

    To make matters worse as far as the industrialists were concerned, the end of the war led to a wave of labour militancy. Wartime discipline in the factories, enforced by the military, was relaxed. Workers who had resented the longer hours, the fall in real wages caused by inflation and the ban on industrial action vented their frustration.

  2. Why did Germany lose the second world war?

    The allied convoys now had very little opposition in the Atlantic and so they could deliver thousands more troops as well as much needed supplies and equipment to the soldiers in Europe. The strengthening and freshening of the allied troops gave a great morale boost to them, and so Germany's

  1. Vietnam war

    Diem to form the Communist National Liberation Front, better known as the Viet Cong, which eventually launched guerrilla attacks against the RVN government and desired the reunification of Vietnam under Communist rule. The Viet Cong were supported by the Vietnam People's Army (VPA)

  2. Trotsky - Succession, Revolutionary Success, Civil War Hero, Death, Failure and End

    Yet Trotsky's methods were criticised even by those in the Bolshevik party. Although in the eyes of many Trotsky was the 'champion of militarisation'32, his use of ex-Tsarist officers 'against bitter opposition from party members'33 as military specialists in the campaign against the Whites saw a sharp decrease in his popularity in the party.

  1. Unification of Germany and the period up to the second world war

    was to Italy but not the rhineland to France and so she was pissed off, and therefore she declared war after a problem from Spain arose as the rule was overthrown and they wanted Prussian ruler to come but Prussia said no and France wanted Prussia to swear never to

  2. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    could and put soldiers on cavalry and tried to stand up to the Germans. On September 17th 1939 the Russians who also wanted pay back on Poland forced their way across the eastern frontier of Poland and so any defending that Poland had been doing became pointless as they now stood no chance against Russia.

  1. The origins of the first world war

    made the two nations resent each other causing a long term rivalry between the two nations, while France assured itself in gaining vengeance one way or another against Germany, which inevitably could lead to war. This great victory and the Treaty of Frankfurt caused an attack of nationalism to sweep

  2. The causes of the second world war - Problems 1919-1924.

    The League of Nations eventually set up a commission, led by Lytton, to inquire into the Manchuria situation. In October Japan withdrew from the League in protest and ignored its rulings. The league took no action. � In June 1932 the Lausanne Conference succeeded in canceling reparations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work