• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June 1940 and the end of 1943

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why Britain was able to continue to hold out against Germany between June 1940 and the end of 1943 The epoch of 1940 to the end of 1943 established that Britain was a great nation, with an intelligent leader, an invulnerable position, and loyal allies, that was able to hold out even with meagre resources and heavy fire from a country across the Channel. There are four main reasons why this was so, the first; Hitler did not want to attack England in the first place, and therefore operation sealion was not a realistic plan, secondly; Hitler made many mistakes and therefore failed to ruin Britain, thirdly; Britain was saved by others, and lastly; that Britain saved itself in numerous ways. The most significant of these reasons is the way in which it saved itself. Hitler did not want to try to invade Britain in the first place, and because of this he never put his heart and soul into destroying it, which allowed Britain to hold out between 1940 and 1943. Hitler proved this theory by never getting the means to carry out an invasion, by showing his racial beliefs in 'Mein Kampf', by delaying his troops at Dunkirk, and by showing his full intentions to invade the USSR. Firstly, he focused only on the field army, and consequently neither the Navy nor the Air Force was ever fully integrated into the plans for Germany's future, as Hitler confirmed at the Battle of Britain. ...read more.

Middle

Another way in which Hitler's plan was foiled was in the Blitz. Britain survived seventy days of non-stop bombing on Britain, for two reasons; the years of little damage before the Blitz had allowed Britain to prepare, and secondly, the Blitz Spirit. Because Britain managed to live through the heavy bombing, German plans were thwarted and the British were able to hold out. Hitler's final mistake in his journey, was his continuous struggle to invade Russia, as this weakened German forces, by creating another front to fight against, and therefore took the pressure off Britain. As I have already discussed, Hitler created the Battle of Britain to create a smokescreen blinding Europe from 'Barbarossa.' Because of the time, effort, men and money that Hitler put into this, from 1942, he was not able to invade Britain. If Hitler had saved his forces and not attempted to invade Russia, an invasion of Britain would have been possible. Overall, if Hitler had wanted to invade Britain, he would not have been able to due to three main reasons. Firstly, the mistakes made in the Battle of Britain, for example the switch to daylight bombing and the under prepared German navy. Secondly, the Blitz, as Hitler thought this would make Britain surrender, however it did not. And Lastly, Hitler's continuous struggle to invade the USSR, which took up German resources and distracted them from ever attacking Britain. The third aspect of the period 1940-1943 which allowed Britain to hold out against Germany was the aid it received from other countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was shown mainly in the Battle of Britain, where Dowding had been planning Britain' s air defence for five years, and had therefore introduced command and communication systems meaning that fighters could be quickly and effectively directed to meet enemy attacks. Radar operators in England could also accurately estimate the size and speed of approaching aircraft meaning that RAF planes were not destroyed on the ground, but in the air ready to attack the Luftwaffe. Another way in which better technology was shown in the Battle of Britain was in planes. The only plane that could compare to the Spitfire, was the Messerschmitt 109, but it had a short range so was at a distinct disadvantage fighting over Britain. Because British aircraft and technology was so strong, more German then British aircraft were destroyed between July and August 1940. Although in the Battle of the Atlantic, British technology extended to the ASDIC, which did not provide the help expected, as it could only pick up ships under a kilometre away. The way in which Britain helped itself was by preparing, evacuating it's men from Dunkirk, using propaganda to unite it and using the most up-to-date technology. In conclusion, the key reason that Britain was able to endure against Germany from 1940 to the end of 1943 was due to itself. Hitler may or may not have wanted to invade the UK, however he would not have been able to, as through an excellent leader, Britain made correct and informed decisions that led it to be well prepared, united, and equipped with revolutionary technology, which enabled it to hold out against a tyrannous and hubris Hitler. Bella Brandon 2122 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    The Soviets thereupon declared that they were not at war with Finland at all. Western sympathy for the Finns mounted as they successfully resisted the Reds. In 1939 the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations. Britain and France, observing the apparent weakness of the Red Army, debated

  2. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    British people were so sure that this would happen that they took actions such as closing cinemas and evacuating children to the countryside. In April 1940 the shocking lightning war that had come to Poland had suddenly arrive din the west.

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    Denmark gave in almost immediately. In Norway, although the capital at Oslo was quickly taken and a puppet government set up, a strong resistance movement supported by Britain and France continued to fight the Germans for two months. The combat was generally limited to the less densely populated areas in the north of the country.

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    It must be said that without Winston Churchill Britain's people would have lost heart and probably would have wanted to surrender but with his skilled speeches, military tactics and outright stubbornness he kept the country united and got Britain through the war.

  1. The Battle of Britain

    In February 1938, the Chancellor of Austria Dr Kurt von Schuschnigg was requested to attend the mountain retreat of Adolph Hitler at Berchtesgaden 'for matters of greatest importance'. Hitler forced him the Chancellor to let him take over. The Austrian Chancellor had no choice.

  2. The battle of dunkirk

    [3] As a result of this decision, the evacuation was completed with little to know time to spare. With the Germans only three miles from the harbour, the last vessel departed from the seaport, officially ending the Battle of Dunkirk.

  1. Assess the relative importance of the reasons why the July 1944 Bomb Plot to ...

    In effect this reduces the validity of the source since his views may have changed with a greater insight into the event. In addition to the previous two conditions, operation Valkryie depended on the cooperation of more senior officers, particularly General Fromm, in the Bendlerstasse army headquarters, for suspicious or

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    break ups; there were many orphaned children that ended up on the streets performing violent crimes. Action was taken against this in the Family Code of May 1936: 1. Abortion made illegal. 2. More difficult to obtain a divorce. 3. Mothers with six or more children received cash payments. 4.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work