• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'How did America get increasingly involved in the Vietnam War.'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Coursework As I answer the question 'how did America get increasingly involved in the Vietnam War.' I will be looking at the 'Domino Theory', which concerned the US greatly, SEATO, which is the South-East Asia Treaty Organisation, the Gulf of Tonking, which was Americas excuse for war, and Operation Rolling Thunder which was a three-day bombing of Vietnam. The domino theory worried the US increasingly because they thought that each country around China after 1949 and under influence from the East and West were going to fall. They feared once Vietnam fell Laos then Cambodia would follow. As this theory grew more and more threatening, America pumped more and more men and money into Vietnam. This theory was a long-term reason for America getting increasingly involved in the Vietnam War. This theory continued to grow throughout the war and was a main reason for America getting involved. SEATO-the South East Asia Treaty Organisation included eight members who all pledged themselves to protect the countries of South East Asia. This was a change of attitudes towards Communism. Before this the countries hadn't actually united and pledged themselves to the protection from Communism. On the 11th November 1965 the US Destroyer 'MADDOX' registered a radar mix-up and thought it was being attacked. ...read more.

Middle

Kennedy wanted people to think he was tough on Communism but he didn't want to send in American troops so he raised the amount of military experts training and paid for a further 20,000 troops for the ARVN. In 1961 the USA spent nearly $270 million in military support for Diem. This shows that America were very keen to get rid of Communism but they were not prepared to send their own troops, however eventually America realised Diem was too unpopular. When President Johnson first came to power he knew little about Vietnam and used the method of 'continue our present policy' option. This at the time was a sensible idea however by May 1964 Johnson thought that 'the biggest damn mess I ever saw' was Vietnam. He went on to tell a close adviser 'I don't think it's worth fighting for and I don't think we can get out.' In the next couple of months he learned about the mess America and Vietnam were involved in and opted for a new more dangerous option. The first of which was on the 5th August 1964 when the incident of the Gulf of Tonking took place. Johnson wanted full support from the American electorate before going ahead with his plans to defeat the Vietcong and the North Vietnamese. ...read more.

Conclusion

The South Vietnamese army wouldn't fight for their country and the Guerrillas ruled the countryside. The USA had to get out or take control and win the war. In conclusion America from the start of conflict was determined not to lose to anyone or to lose face to the USSR. As they became more involved they had to commit more and more and dug themselves into a hole. The main reason for America getting involved was the persistence of the presidents who wouldn't or couldn't back down as the whole world's eyes were on them and would fight communism to the extreme. The Geneva agreement angered the American's greatly because they thought the French were giving in too easily. They also didn't want to lose pride. The American's even refused to play a leading role in the negotiations. The USA and the South Vietnamese decided not to sign the agreement but assured the North Vietnamese and France that they would try to go by its rules. This proved that ever so slowly the USA were losing grip of the situation. This made the USA more determined to fight the war against communism As the table below shows America evidently pumped more men in over the years and backs up all points shown in this essay. YEAR NUMBER OF TROOPS 1962 9000 1963 15000 1964 16000 1965 60000 1966 268000 1967 449000 1968 535000 1969 415000 Nicole Appleby 10HU 10.1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. A New America: History of America's Escape from England

    New British Orders in Council (regulations issued by the Crown) undercut the old rule that "free ships make free goods," which allowed American traders to carry goods to and from the ports of European belligerent powers. Instead, the British invoked the Rule of 1756, by which no neutral nation could

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    was generally accepted that the U.S had lost the war, which was a major upset. A small group of guerrilla fighters had defeated one of the greatest armies in the world. This meant that US tactics were closely scrutinized in the years following on from the war.

  1. Why did America get increasingly involved in Vietnam?1945-65 From the early 1800's up until ...

    The French made the great mistake of underestimating their enemy and assumed that the Vietminh would not be able to reach them as they were positioned on higher ground. However despite this the Vietminh relentlessly used every resource at their disposal to conquer the hill.

  2. Explain why the USA became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    They became clearly unhappy. In November 1963 President Kennedy was assassinated and Lyndon Baines Johnson became president. He quoted that "Vietnam is the biggest damn mess I've ever seen." In November 1963 the South Vietnamese Army overthrew and assassinated Diem.

  1. American History.

    The plans were as follows: Virginia Plan - embodied Madison's idea of a strong nat'l gov't and provided? for a bicameral legislature (lower house elected by people, upper elected by lower) with representation proportional to population, an executive elected by Congress, a nat'l judiciary, and a Congressional veto over state laws.

  2. Explain why the United States became increasingly involved in the war in Vietnam.

    The US was worried about their strategic position in Asia should Vietnam 'fall' to communism as Vietnam was in an advantageous position on the trade routes between Europe and the Far East. In order to establish a resolution for Indochina, a conference was held in Geneva in 1954, and the

  1. Why did America get involved in the Vietnam War

    The generation gap also played a part in the differing opinions. The older generation was mostly pro war after their experience of World War Two. This had been mostly a positive experience for them, and had brought prosperity to the country.

  2. The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle ...

    She inspired her agents in oil-producing countries to form an organisation that would have a worldwide presence in all the oil-producing countries so that these countries, through this organisation, would have say in oil policies including both production and marketing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work