• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power from October 1917-1924?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rebecca Hayes How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power from October 1917-1924? The Bolsheviks were a communist party, after the tsar, who believed that all classes in society should be fair and equal. Therefore they wanted to demolish the elites and the bourgeois and distribute their land and money amongst the workers and the peasants. The Bolsheviks were prepared to use any means to retain power and their slogan became 'all power to the soviets'. When the results of the constituent assembly were revealed the SR's (Social Revolutionaries) came out on top. This was mainly due to the tremendous support in rural areas. Although, the Bolsheviks had the majority vote in places of importance such as Moscow and Petrograd and were backed by the military. 10 millions people had voted for the Bolsheviks, a considerable amount. ...read more.

Middle

But when the red terror developed things began to change. People from other parties, with non-Bolshevik beliefs, were executed. These were usually landowners, business owners and the bourgeois. Trotsky was the superb leader of the red army. He inflicted fear into the minds of the soldiers with orders such as, 'every soldiers who voluntarily deserts his post will be shot'. Trotsky also supported the army on the fronts. His personal train, which became known as the armoured train, carried supplies such as ammunition and new uniforms for the reds. Trotsky was also an expert propagandist, he used the fact that The Whites were so weak and undisciplined in his posters and in newspapers and even portrayed them as dogs leashed under western leaders. Many factors helped the Reds win the civil war but mainly the weak organisation and corrupt leaders of the Whites lead the Bolsheviks to victory. ...read more.

Conclusion

People were forced to work and were subjected to military discipline. Even so, industrial and agricultural outputs seriously declined. Grain requisitioning had led to less production and widespread famine, and nationalization had not stopped the decline of industry. Extreme inflation had led to the virtual disappearance of money. In the winter of 1920-1921 a drought-induced famine, general material hardship, growing peasant resistance to grain requisitioning, and general opposition to unpopular government policies led to widespread strikes and uprisings, to which the regime responded with more repression. In March 1921 the sailors at the Kronshtadt naval base, who previously had been allies of the Bolsheviks, staged a revolt against the regime's economic policies and repression of workers' strikes. In late 1921 War Communism was abandoned and Lenin introduced the New Economic Policy (NEP). The NEP relaxed government control and allowed the bourgeois to return in order to encourage economic recovery, although the state remained in control of large companies. CONC SOCIALIST COUNTRY AT WHAT COST? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power between 1917 and 1924?

    for the variety of the nation's problems after the provisional government had failed to end the war. Next was the Land Decree which attempted to solve the trouble in the countryside by granting the peasants the right to seize land and declaring that all land was to be owned collectively

  2. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power: 1917 - 1924?

    It was controlled by the Bolshevik's who held 390 of its 650 seats; it told the Soviet Councils throughout Russia to assume power. Swiftly and with great authority the Bolshevik's consolidation of power began. Lenin now set about establishing his Government and introducing the changes he had promised.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate their power in 1917 - 21?

    This action satisfied most of the Russian people who would be actively be involved in the war and people who would be affected by the war, such as relatives of conscripts, business e.t.c. All these all helped consolidate Bolshevik power because they helped generate support from the bulk of the Russian population.

  2. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    * Hitler said: "Propaganda brought us into power, propaganda has since enabled us to remain in power, and propaganda will give us means of conquering the world". * July 1933, Joseph Goebbels (head of the Ministry of Propaganda) established the Riechsjulmkammer (State Film Agency which all film industry workers were forced to join.

  1. Account for the factors which lead to the Bolshevik's coming to power in October ...

    as due to Russia not paying their earlier debts back, they had nearly no hope for any financial support at all. Through this money they were able to improve their publicity campaigns making them more popular and of course improving the army.

  2. Russia and the Soviet Union 1917-1924

    * Employment insurance introduced for workers for injuries, illness, and unemployment * All titles and class distinctions abolished - no dukes or lords, the title 'comrade' for everybody. * Women declared equal to men. December * All Factories to be put under the control of workers' comities.

  1. How did the Bolsheviks consolidate power?

    Other decrees were passed which indicated the promised socialist utopia, like a declaration of the equality of all people. In truth they were only introduced to secure power. Lenin and Trotsky achieved power by manipulating a vote which gave SOVNARKOM the right to rule by decree.

  2. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Social inequality ï men did not have to give much notice to divorce their wives. Most divorced women ended up unemployed or dependant on their ex-husband. However, Soviet propaganda painted a very different picture. It depicted the ideal Soviet woman ï should be proudly independent and should reject bourgeois concepts like worrying about appearance.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work