• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How serious a threat to European peace was the Balkan crisis of 1875-8? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...


How serious a threat to European peace was the Balkan crisis of 1875-8? Explain your answer. By 1875 the Ottoman Empire, ruled by the Turks, was weakening and countries within the Empire were starting to rally for independence. The Turkish Empire mainly consisted of countries in the Balkans, which major European powers were now starting to take an interest in for various different reasons. The main countries involved in this rivalry were Austria-Hungary and Russia, who also had a long history of hostility towards each other. There were also growing tensions between other countries such as Germany and Britain. The crisis started out as a mere expression of local discontent within the Balkans; however Serbia tried to escalate the situation, turning it into a Slav Crusade against the Turks. There had been a long tension between the Slavs and Turks, due to elements such as religion and nationality; though this incident showed how much the Ottoman Empire was weakening and how the Nationalist feelings were rising. ...read more.


Therefore the two rivals agreed to partition the Balkans if Turkey were defeated. This was a considerable relief for Germany, as they would now not have the problem of choosing an ally and therefore risking war with France. This also meant that the probability of a European war was lessened, as Austria and Russia had shown that they could cooperate. However, Germany knew that this cooperation was not to last, and so tried to involve Britain, who were willing to intervene, but not alone. Between 1875-7 no solution was found, though many proposals were put forward by Austria and Russia. Russia, dealing with its own domestic problems, was becoming increasingly fed up with the situation, though under constant pressure to help the Slavs. So, in the spring of 1877, Austria agreed to stay out if Russia attacked Turkey, which they did in April 1877. This shocked all the European powers, especially as Turkey was defeated and made to accept the outrages demands of the Treaty of San Stefano and this alone brought the threat of conflict closer. ...read more.


Also, Russia's arrogance towards the new Russian state of Big Bulgaria eventually led to another Balkan crisis in 1885. However, Bismarck was not to blame for these outcomes, as he was happy for the Balkans to be equally divided East and West between Russia and Austria, though this was clearly not possible. In conclusion, though the Treaty of Berlin solved many of the immediate problems in Europe, it caused a lasting bitterness between the major powers, especially towards Germany. The resulting allies that Germany gained, such as with Italy and the renewed Dreikaiserbund, seemed promising, however did not help to solve the growing tensions in Europe, especially between Austria and Russia. The crisis itself, though showing that some rival countries could work together in times of crisis, actually worsened relations in Europe due to bad handling and procrastination. There seemed only to be temporary solutions to problems, which were quickly established but bound to fall through. In short this crisis was only the beginning of many more, eventually leading to the crisis that began the Great War. ?? ?? ?? ?? Edijana Obiakpani-Guest Mr. Dennis ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    churches use a prayer book in the vernacular, but then in 1539, there was a swing back towards Catholicism with the Act of Six Articles. This was probably in response to the Pilgrimage of Grace, a conservative reaction in 1536.

  2. How Serious Was The Threat Posed To Henry VII By Pretenders To The Throne

    The second threat was fronted by Perkin Warbeck. He was an impostor, pretending to be Richard Duke of York who was the younger son of King Edward. In 1491, he landed in Ireland in the hope of gaining support just like Simnel had.

  1. Assess the success of Bismarck's foreign policy with reference to: a) Keeping France isolated ...

    Under the terms of the treaty Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Romania gained full independence and Russia was allowed access to a warm water port. So as a result Bulgaria became the biggest power of the Balkans, which allowed Russia to dominate the area.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Many observers have commented on how the Nazis, regardless of the size of their local group, seemed to do more in election campaigns than all the other parties combined. The mass meetings of the election campaigns were carefully organized to the smallest item.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    Then when Italy did try to gain these colonies Britain spoke out and warned them against it. Sir Samuel Hoare made a speech to the league calling for "collective resistance to any Italian aggression". When Italy did invade it looked like Hoars words had finally made the league do something

  2. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    So basically it was because Britain and France were too worried about what might happen to them if Italy wasn't on their side. And they were worried about this because they were scared of Germany, and if Germany attacked they wanted Italy as an ally.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work