• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How serious a threat to European peace was the Balkan crisis of 1875-8? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How serious a threat to European peace was the Balkan crisis of 1875-8? Explain your answer. By 1875 the Ottoman Empire, ruled by the Turks, was weakening and countries within the Empire were starting to rally for independence. The Turkish Empire mainly consisted of countries in the Balkans, which major European powers were now starting to take an interest in for various different reasons. The main countries involved in this rivalry were Austria-Hungary and Russia, who also had a long history of hostility towards each other. There were also growing tensions between other countries such as Germany and Britain. The crisis started out as a mere expression of local discontent within the Balkans; however Serbia tried to escalate the situation, turning it into a Slav Crusade against the Turks. There had been a long tension between the Slavs and Turks, due to elements such as religion and nationality; though this incident showed how much the Ottoman Empire was weakening and how the Nationalist feelings were rising. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore the two rivals agreed to partition the Balkans if Turkey were defeated. This was a considerable relief for Germany, as they would now not have the problem of choosing an ally and therefore risking war with France. This also meant that the probability of a European war was lessened, as Austria and Russia had shown that they could cooperate. However, Germany knew that this cooperation was not to last, and so tried to involve Britain, who were willing to intervene, but not alone. Between 1875-7 no solution was found, though many proposals were put forward by Austria and Russia. Russia, dealing with its own domestic problems, was becoming increasingly fed up with the situation, though under constant pressure to help the Slavs. So, in the spring of 1877, Austria agreed to stay out if Russia attacked Turkey, which they did in April 1877. This shocked all the European powers, especially as Turkey was defeated and made to accept the outrages demands of the Treaty of San Stefano and this alone brought the threat of conflict closer. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, Russia's arrogance towards the new Russian state of Big Bulgaria eventually led to another Balkan crisis in 1885. However, Bismarck was not to blame for these outcomes, as he was happy for the Balkans to be equally divided East and West between Russia and Austria, though this was clearly not possible. In conclusion, though the Treaty of Berlin solved many of the immediate problems in Europe, it caused a lasting bitterness between the major powers, especially towards Germany. The resulting allies that Germany gained, such as with Italy and the renewed Dreikaiserbund, seemed promising, however did not help to solve the growing tensions in Europe, especially between Austria and Russia. The crisis itself, though showing that some rival countries could work together in times of crisis, actually worsened relations in Europe due to bad handling and procrastination. There seemed only to be temporary solutions to problems, which were quickly established but bound to fall through. In short this crisis was only the beginning of many more, eventually leading to the crisis that began the Great War. ?? ?? ?? ?? Edijana Obiakpani-Guest Mr. Dennis ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was it the policies pursued by Henry VIII that caused "the mid-Tudor crisis"?

    4 star(s)

    His changes to the Church, which had resulted, not in Protestantism, but in Henrician Catholicism (or 'Catholicism without the Pope'), had done much to confuse the nation. He had initially moved in a Protestant direction with the Act of Ten Articles in 1536, and in 1538, the insistence that all

  2. How Serious Was The Threat Posed To Henry VII By Pretenders To The Throne

    The second threat was fronted by Perkin Warbeck. He was an impostor, pretending to be Richard Duke of York who was the younger son of King Edward. In 1491, he landed in Ireland in the hope of gaining support just like Simnel had.

  1. Assess the success of Bismarck's foreign policy with reference to: a) Keeping France isolated ...

    Due to the Pan-slavist movement in Russia, and their strong desire for countries like Serbia to be independent, Russia declared war on Turkey, a war that they easily won. The war led to the signing of the treaty of San Stefano in March 1878.

  2. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    However, the sanctions were not placed upon the essentials for war, iron, coal and oil because Britain and France were worried about provoking Mussolini any more than they had to.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    But, considering his government a presidential one and above parliamentary politics, Bruening had Hindenburg dissolve the Reichstag and establish new elections for September 14, 1930. Meanwhile, Bruening continued to run the government and even reinstated his economic agenda through the use of Article 48.

  2. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    They even let Italy use the Suez Canal to supply their army; they could have closed it which would probably have stopped the Italian invasion outright. Secretly Britain and France agreed a plan that they thought would bring the invasion to an end.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work