• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did relations between the USA and USSR change in the years 79 to 90?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In what ways did relations between the USA and USSR change in the years 79 to 90? The answer to this question can be divided into two distinct sections - how relations changed between 1979 and 1985, and how relations changed between 1985 and 1990. 1979 - 1985 At the beginning of 1979, d�tente was going well, but by the end of this year, relations had deteriorated to such an extent that it was very clear that the period of d�tente had ended. America had a bad year in terms of relations with the USSR. A Soviet combat brigade was discovered in Cuba, but when the Americans demanded its removal, the demand was ignored and the US had to back down. After this refusal to back down, relations had already become tense and when on Christmas Eve 1979, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, it was the last straw - the US believed that this was the latest Soviet attempt to gain control of an area within reach of Middle East oil. ...read more.

Middle

He further announced plans to develop the Strategic Defence Initiative ("Star Wars") which was a space -based system using lasers to shoot down missiles in space before they could reach their targets. This contributed to tension since development of this would have destroyed the balance of power and allow the Americans to act how they wished since they would not have to worry about nuclear warfare. The Soviets also contributed to tension during this period, however - when Reagan's' government indicated its wish to reopen strategic nuclear talks, the "Zero Option" proposal was rejected. However, not all during this period worsened relations because despite the insults and tensions, the two sides were still willing to negotiate, as was shown in the START talks in Geneva in 1982 onwards and although the US had not ratified SALT II, both sides observed the agreement beyond its expiry date of 1985. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the latter, the INF Treaty was signed - it was the first to reduce weapons and the first to allow inspections of each other's nuclear arsenals. This encouraged openness between the sides and began to reverse the arms race. Gorbachev further withdrew aid and some of the Red Army from Eastern Europe. This stopped the US being suspicious about Soviet expansionist aims and when in 1989, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe, the US had little to fear from the USSR and ending the Cold War seemed the most natural option. The great superpower rivalry which had sparked the Cold War off could no longer be present and so in December 1989, Gorbachev met President Bush in Malta and they made the historic announcement that the Cold War was over. Thus by 1990, a state of war did not exist between the two countries. Also, why did relations change? (8 marks) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. "To What Extent Were Gorbachev's Policies the Catalyst to the Fall of the USSR?"

    stated by Schweizer Himself, the 'Reagan Doctrine', the administration's policy towards the USSR was based on: "Covert financial, intelligence, and logistical support to the Solidarity movement in Poland that ensured the survival of an opposition movement in the heart of the Soviet empire.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    This tied the two countries closely together. There was now a Communist country in the western hemisphere. * In April 1961 the CIA backed an invasion of Cuba by 1,400 Cuban exiles at the Bay of Pigs. It was a fiasco.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Certainly, if recent historians are correct in seeing the Cold War as caused by both Stalin's undefined ambitions and America's failure to communicate effectively and consistently its view on where it would draw the line with the Russians, then Roosevelt's long history of interaction with the Soviets would presumably have

  2. Why did a gangster culture develop in the USA in the 1920`s to the ...

    the Irish/American law force, and the police had no understanding of Italian customs or behaviour.

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    The Allies agreed that * Germany would be divided into four zones, each zone occupied by one of the Western Allies. Berlin would also be divided into four zones. * Austria and its capital, Vienna, would also be divided between the allies.

  2. In what ways did the blockade change relations between the superpowers in the years ...

    It resulted in the permanent division of Germany, as two separate countries were formed. The French, British and American zones became the German Democratic Republic, West Germany. This country was a democracy, which meant that the people could elect their own government through free elections.

  1. Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnamin 1973.

    Essentially forcing many SV people to give up their livelihoods and all their homes to be crammed into one village with a lot of strangers. They also moved away from their traditional burial grounds which for many played a large part in their communities.

  2. 'To what extent had the USA become two different societies by the eve of ...

    When Great Britain ruled the country, the largest city was Philadelphia with a population of around 42,000. By 1850, New York was the largest city in the country, with a population of over 500,000. In comparison, the largest town in the south was New Orleans, with a population of 150,000.6

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work