• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did relations between the USA and USSR change in the years 79 to 90?

Extracts from this document...


In what ways did relations between the USA and USSR change in the years 79 to 90? The answer to this question can be divided into two distinct sections - how relations changed between 1979 and 1985, and how relations changed between 1985 and 1990. 1979 - 1985 At the beginning of 1979, d�tente was going well, but by the end of this year, relations had deteriorated to such an extent that it was very clear that the period of d�tente had ended. America had a bad year in terms of relations with the USSR. A Soviet combat brigade was discovered in Cuba, but when the Americans demanded its removal, the demand was ignored and the US had to back down. After this refusal to back down, relations had already become tense and when on Christmas Eve 1979, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, it was the last straw - the US believed that this was the latest Soviet attempt to gain control of an area within reach of Middle East oil. ...read more.


He further announced plans to develop the Strategic Defence Initiative ("Star Wars") which was a space -based system using lasers to shoot down missiles in space before they could reach their targets. This contributed to tension since development of this would have destroyed the balance of power and allow the Americans to act how they wished since they would not have to worry about nuclear warfare. The Soviets also contributed to tension during this period, however - when Reagan's' government indicated its wish to reopen strategic nuclear talks, the "Zero Option" proposal was rejected. However, not all during this period worsened relations because despite the insults and tensions, the two sides were still willing to negotiate, as was shown in the START talks in Geneva in 1982 onwards and although the US had not ratified SALT II, both sides observed the agreement beyond its expiry date of 1985. ...read more.


In the latter, the INF Treaty was signed - it was the first to reduce weapons and the first to allow inspections of each other's nuclear arsenals. This encouraged openness between the sides and began to reverse the arms race. Gorbachev further withdrew aid and some of the Red Army from Eastern Europe. This stopped the US being suspicious about Soviet expansionist aims and when in 1989, communism collapsed in Eastern Europe, the US had little to fear from the USSR and ending the Cold War seemed the most natural option. The great superpower rivalry which had sparked the Cold War off could no longer be present and so in December 1989, Gorbachev met President Bush in Malta and they made the historic announcement that the Cold War was over. Thus by 1990, a state of war did not exist between the two countries. Also, why did relations change? (8 marks) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    * In 1945 there were 12m Soviet soldiers in Eastern Europe. * Despite the Yalta Declaration, Stalin used cunning methods to make sure that communist governments took control of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria and Albania. In some places, elections were rigged, in others non-communists were overthrown and replaced with communists loyal to Stalin.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * It took 11,000 troops a week to drive the Viet Cong out of Saigon. Eventually the US forces managed to beat of the Viet Cong and killed 80,000 of them. Why was the Tet Offensive important? * It showed that the Viet Cong could strike anywhere and at any

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Within such a frame of reference, the lessons of history and of ideological incompatibility seemed to permit no possibility of compromise. But Roosevelt clearly felt that there was a third way, a path of mutual accommodation that would sustain and nourish the prospects of postwar partnership without ignoring the realities of geopolitics.

  2. Why did a gangster culture develop in the USA in the 1920`s to the ...

    He began his career with extorting money from businesses and little crimes. In 1927 Salvatore Maranzano, who had been sent over by Don Vito Cascio Ferro, the Italian man who dreamed of Mafia control overseas, had arrived to meet up with Bonanno and others to bring the American Mafia under Don Vito's control.

  1. "To What Extent Were Gorbachev's Policies the Catalyst to the Fall of the USSR?"

    The text, however, may well be very biased. The title itself, 'Victory', gives an insight into the western view that Capitalism defeated Socialism, rather than the second having self-destroyed. The book, from an American journalist is very sympathetic with the 'Reagan Doctrine' and, although giving a fair analysis on the

  2. 'To what extent had the USA become two different societies by the eve of ...

    war is weak in this instance as the supposedly two separate societies were operating similar economic infrastructures. Industrialisation nevertheless was extremely slow in the south and therefore more resources were devoted to rural purposes and, as job opportunities were not as frequent as those in the north, immigrants were reluctant to move to the south of the USA.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work