• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In What Ways Did the Five Year Plans Change The Soviet Industry In the Years 1928-41?

Extracts from this document...


In What Ways Did the Five Year Plans Change The Soviet Industry In the Years 1928-41? In 1928 the first five-year plan was formed. There were many advantages as well as disadvantages to the plan. The five year plan was to set targets for the Soviet Union (Russia) as in order for Russia's 'socialism in one country' to work, Russia had to change from a backward agricultural country into an advanced industrial power. Stalin stated this in one of his speeches in 1931 where he said: "we are fifty to one hundred years behind the advance countries to the west, either we make up this gap in five to ten years or they will crush us." The first five-year plan was set for the period of time between 1928 to1933, however all targets were met within four years and so ended in 1932. ...read more.


The disadvantages though really weren't pleasant. Working hours were increased and so the people lost their freedom as they no longer worked to live, but lived to work and got paid little, however if they did not do their job to Stalin's standards they were sent to the gulags (prison camps/slave labour camps where they were literally worked to death within usually 6 months on average). The Zeks were the inmates at the gulags, made up of mainly Kulaks, political opponents and industrial saboteurs. Stalin eventually sent round his private police force the N.K.V.I to arrest quota, which is a certain number of peasants for his slave labour camps who built things such as Belomor canal. Also little consumer goods were produced, as it was not the aim to raise the living standards of the peasants, the same went with the electricity. ...read more.


in 1941. Many people went with the five-year plan as propaganda was created showing Lenin's face on it, which cried out to the people as it looked as though Lenin supported it or would support it and so all the peasants would follow suit. The Soviet industry had changed to an extremely large extent during the time of the five-year plans, 1928-41. I say this as the Soviet Union started 'fifty to one hundred years behind the advanced countries to the west,' which were Germany, France, the U.K and the U.S.A, and far surpassed them all except for the U.S.A. The Soviet Union was also able to move their industries beyond the mountains in order to protect them, which helped lead in the defeat of Germany's attack in 1941. Also great achievements were made for example electricity was created and the heavy machinery being quadrupled, also the fact that the first five-year plan was completed within the four years. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful were the Five- Year Plans in transforming Russian industry in the years ...

    4 star(s)

    The town was built up from scratch. Stalin drafted in a quarter of a million workers and instructed them to build Russia largest steel factory. Stalin planned to make Magnitogorsk a town of strength and unity. He wanted it to be a place where the workers lived as one and worked as one.

  2. Stalin transformed the Soviet Unionfrom a backward country into a strong state

    Looking separately at both overall achievement and price of progress, the position of Stalin in the context of wider Russian history seems to support the statement made about success at the cost of misery for the population. Furthermore, the effects of Stalin's policies for industry, agriculture and how these policies

  1. What were the effects of the First Five Year Plan on Russia?

    He also knew that he had to make them listen to him, if he didn't use force they would fall behind. Life worsened for the workers because Stalin set the standards so high but this needed to be done or Russia would never achieve its goal to become a major influence in Europe.

  2. "Stalin transformed the Soviet Union from a backward country into a strong modern state ...

    When the Government set targets for the nation to meet at the end of five years, these targets were sub-divided into regions, towns, factories, shifts and sometimes individual workers. This led to an immense amount of pressure being placed upon a factory to perform, and on each individual worker to meet his target.

  1. What does the Soviet Experience provide with regard to the Institutionalisation of Ethnicity and ...

    and productivity; Lenin made two essential concessions, which hardly accorded with the Party's Marxist inheritance. He granted cultural autonomy to the non-Russian nationalities and adopted an element of federalism in the formal structure of the state. The non-Russians were subsequently offered an implicit national contract.

  2. How far has nationalism changed over the last hundred years?

    The image forwarded by the Kaiser at this time was that of a blatant determination to out class the rest of Europe in terms of military strength and economic prowess. The Weltpolitik outlined Germany's intentions to raise morale within her infrastructure from the working classes to the aristocracy and it worked.

  1. Joseph Stalin's Economic Plans. Stalin ended Lenin's NEP and set about achieving modernisation ...

    Any programme as extreme as Stalin's Five-Year Plans was bound to carry a cost. In the USSR this cost was paid by the workers. Many foreign experts and engineers were called in by Stalin to supervise the work and in their letters and reports they marvel at the toughness of the Russian people.

  2. Russia and the Soviet Union 1917-1924

    The July Days Only the Bolsheviks opposed the war. During the 1917 summer more and more common people opposed to the war. In July the Kerensky launched an attack against the Russians, which they lost. Thus there was a huge demonstration in Petrograd, which became known as the July days. Everyone poured into the streets protested about the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work