• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

italy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What were the key features of the political structure of Italy in the period of 1818-1833? Originally, Italy was just a large piece of land which was divided by many states, each ruled by a respective monarch. Italy was very difficult to unify due to the fact that there were a great of political problems existing between 1818 and 1833, primarily being the problems of division and furthermore other problems such as the failure of movement to change and the lack of constitutions existing. Italy was divided into a number of small states. These included Lombardy-Venetia, Piedmont-Sardinia, The Grand Duchy of Tuscany, The duchies of Parma and Modena, The Papal States and The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. ...read more.

Middle

Metternich did not want any nationalist activities occurring in the Austrian territories of Italy. There were uprisings in Piedmont and Naples from 1820-1, and also in 1831 in Parma, Modena and Romagna. These were stopped by Prince Metternich. Many Italians hated the Austrian influence upon them. The geography of Italy hindered unity, the Apennie Mountains divided the west form the east. There was no uniform currency of weights and measures and hence it was hard for trade to take place. Local loyalties were still very important and the idea of cantado was extremely strong. This meant that a city and the area around was self sufficient. All traces of Napoleon's rule were removed, though at the time of Napoleon there had been some unity within Italy. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the best known secret societies was the Carbonari. This was also one of the most important of secret societies. This was very active in Southern Italy, especially Naples where there were 60,000 members. However the government of Naples became worried and ordered the suppression of the society. But fortunately for the Carbonari, this failed and its membership kept on increasing. The Carbonari started revolutions in the Kingdom of the two Sicilies and in the Kingdom of Sardinia. A member of the Carbonari, called Giuseppe Mazzini formed an establishment known as Young Italy in 1831. This was to spread the ideas of republicanism and nationalism to the people of Italy. This organisation was dedicated to the aim of the unification of Italy. There were various political groups in Italy during this time period. There were liberals, radicals and nationalists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler and the Secret Societies.

    But this is not the case with the French authors. They are not thinking of influences of that kind, but of a concrete nature, exercised by organizations that really existed, among which were some that to various degrees were "secret."

  2. Fascist Italy

    Duce at the wheels of tractors, working in grain fields and awarding stars to the most productive farmers. To a certain extent, the campaign was successful in that wheat production doubled between 1922 and 1939 and wheat imports were therefore reduced by 75%.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work