• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Presidents and their Successors

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sami Migliaccio Mrs. Trovato Period #3 April 21, 2008 Essay Question: "Vice President who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced." Assess the validity of this statement for Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Presidents and their Successors The statement that "Vice Presidents who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced" is not always true. Harry S. Truman became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson became president when John F. Kennedy was assassinated. Yet, while the statement proves to be true in the comparison of Roosevelt's and Truman's administrations, such is not the case with Kennedy and Johnson. Johnson was the more effective president in regard to domestic policies, but neither Kennedy nor Johnson was very effective when it came to foreign policy. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was successful as president from the very beginning. ...read more.

Middle

Along with implementing the 'containment policy' that would govern the United States foreign affairs for decades, Truman delivered the Truman Doctrine. The combination of these policies pledged the United States' assistance to any country attempting to resist the advances of Communism. As Walter Lippmann argued, these policies were too broad in that although "some areas were vital to U.S. security, while others were merely peripheral; some governments deserved U.S. support, others did not..." (AP Prep Book 552). Truman also precipitated the arms race, which had the potential of ending in deadly bombings. Overall, Truman's foreign policies during the Cold War were less effective than those President Roosevelt enacted during World War Two. President Kennedy was not very successful in his domestic policies. He instituted the New Frontier and attempted to pass laws pertaining to "aid to education, federal support of health care, urban renewal, and civil rights" (AP Prep Book 595). Despite the supposed soundness of the laws, President Kennedy was unable to convince Congress to enact most of the laws that he suggested. It was President Johnson, on the other hand, who was able to pass the same programs that Kennedy had proposed. ...read more.

Conclusion

That in itself was illegal, because the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution basically declared war on the Vietnamese, an action that only Congress is allowed to do. The Tet offensive also hurt Johnson's foreign affairs and turned the majority of Americans against him. The Tet offensive, although it was a United States military victory, demoralized the public. Although President Kennedy had some beneficial foreign policies, both he and Johnson were ineffective in their conduct of foreign affairs. President Roosevelt was an effective president with both his New Deal and his actions throughout the Second World War. His successor, Truman, was not effective in either the domestic affairs or the foreign policy. In fact, his programs often had a detrimental effect. Such is not the case, however, with Kennedy and Johnson. As far as domestic policies go, Johnson was the more effective president by far, thereby proving the statement that stated "Vice Presidents who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic and foreign policy than the men they replaced" to be inaccurate. Although both Johnson and Kennedy were ineffective in their foreign affairs, Johnson, the original vice president was more effective overall than Kennedy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Evaluate The Presidency Of Theodore Roosevelt.

    The policies and actions Roosevelt chose to follow in response to the issue of international affairs were greatly successful. This is shown by the effects of the actions he chose to take. The Roosevelt Corollary was successful, regardless of the fact that it was generally ignored by the major European powers, because it recognised the United States' new international role.

  2. Was Vietnam Kennedy or Johnson's War?

    On this account, the Vietnam War was not Kennedy's war as he personally wasn't totally agreed to it and the war didn't affect him personally as much as it did with President Johnson. If it was anyone's war at this time it would have been Kennedy's advisors who were hungry for war.

  1. How far was the decision to rollback past the 38th parallel a military and ...

    civil war between North Korea and South Korea, especially because the North Koreans started the fight. For this reason the decision to rollback was effective. As well as this, holding North Korea would be extremely helpful geographically; this is because it is closer to China, who have recently turned communist.

  2. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression (Berkin, p. ). This is the starting point of his attempt to ?fix? the economy and help Americans to overcome the crisis. Relief As mentioned, the ?relief? stage aimed to provide aid to a vast number of people, who were

  1. Describe Wilsons Fourteen points, Why did Congress fail to ratify the Peace Settlement?

    Wilson, instead of trying to convince Representatives and Senators to vote for the treaty, went on a tour around the country to build support, but he suffered a stroke that left him partly paralyzed and the trip was in vain.

  2. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    The following year, President Lyndon Baines Johnson attempted to persuade Congress to pass his Voting Rights Act. This proposed legislation removed the right of states to impose restrictions on who could vote in elections. Johnson explained how: "Every American citizen must have an equal right to vote.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    By March 1968 had gained support of many Labour unions & religious groups (had begun to raise money needed to run campaign) However, 1. No support from Johnson 2. Lost direction after assassination of King in 1968 NATION OF ISLAM & ELIJAH MUHAMMAD (a)

  2. Who killed John F. Kennedy?

    they later identified as the correct palm print of Lee Harvey Oswald. Also the bullets and the cartridges found from the president limousine were identified by experts as the bullets fired from this Carcano rifle. This is a major evidence against the Oswald again proving his substantial opportunity to carry out the crime.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work