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Roosevelt was significantly responsible for the Cold War. Agree or disagree?

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Introduction

Certainly Roosevelt's naive attempt to foster diplomacy with his World War II ally allowed Stalin to quickly secure the Eastern front of Russia placing the nation in a position of power in Europe. However in the context of the post-war period this policy of appeasement and gratuitous diplomacy during the Yalta conference was not significant in starting the Cold War because it produced no immediate results that would have triggered such a dispute. Truman on the other hand, created an ideological discord between communism and capitalism that was unprecedented at the time and pursued this policy with great ardor during the Potsdam conference and during the closing stages of World War II. It is a fallacious to assume that Roosevelt's na�ve foreign policy with the U.S.S.R was significantly responsible for the Cold War when it was clearly Truman's belligerent approach to foreign affairs that ignited the conflict. ...read more.

Middle

The U.S.S.R. became self-reliant nation. However, that which is important to note is despite defiantly taking over territories, Stalin never had any intention on creating a world dispute at the scale of the Cold War, despite traditionalist claims, until Harry S. Truman came to power. Therefore, Roosevelt had no significant influence on the responsibility of the Cold War. The events that epitomize Truman's policy were the droppings of the nuclear bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Truman promulgated that the U.S. had to be obeyed. This decision was based primarily on the idea that if communist overran democratic institutions, then the U.S. would lose trading partners and would fall into another depression. All his policies revolved around this focal point. In Potsdam, Germany was divided so that the soon to be victors of the war would have equal influence on the development of the nation. ...read more.

Conclusion

In collaboration with Truman's rebuking of Molotov, the dropping of the bombs indicated to Stalin that Truman was willing to threaten the security parameters of the Soviet Union. Stalin therefore realized that he could only gain back negotiating powers by building a bomb himself. It now appears inane to claim that Roosevelt's attempt at avoiding a conflict such as the Cold War actually led to it, when contrasting his policies with those of Truman's. Certainly the U.S.S.R. made tremendous progress in terms of securing its influence of power, and for that the blame is ascribed to Roosevelt. Yet he was never significantly responsible for starting the Cold War. The conflict could have easily been avoided. Without a doubt, Truman's coercive diplomacy incorporated with his atomic threat really created the conflict. His policies also greatly shaped the conflict in its entirety. ...read more.

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