• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Army uphold the Nazi regime between two major periods, 1934 to 1937 and 1938 to 1944.

Extracts from this document...


In any political system the role of the armed forces is vital for political stability. A regime, which fails to maintain the support of the military, will lack credibility in both domestic and foreign policies. Indeed, whenever there is news of a political coup, it is usually the stance adopted by the military that proves to be the decisive factor in the survival or overthrow of the government. In Germany the military tradition went back a long way into the nation's past. Above all, it was the reputation established by Prussian militarism, which was so often evoked comment. For example by the late eighteenth century, the French statesman Mirabeau 'Prussia is not a country with an army: it is an army with a country'. It was the power of the Prussian military machine, which enabled Bismark to forge German unification out of the wars with Denmark (1864), Austria (1866) and France (1870-1). Thereafter, the Army was always to be found at the centre of German political life. The military elite enjoyed great social status in the intrigue of 1932 - 3 and in the manoeuvrings, which culminated in the Night of the Long Knives. Hence two questions will be the main theme throughout this essay: how did the army fit into the power structure of the Third Reich? ...read more.


This was because there was a mutual need as both the Army and Hitler needed each other in order to survive. However this partnership stared to wear after 1937. The second turning point happened in 1938, in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair. This started as a result of the Hossbach Conference in 1937, the record know as the Hossbach Memorandum, Hitler put forward his foreign policy aims. High on the list was the recovery of German lands and peoples lost at Versailles and Lebensraum (living space) in the East. Most generals supported such a policy, even at the risk of war with Russia. Some generals including Blomberg, Ludwig Beck and Werner von Fritsch raised doubts about Germany's ability to fight any war. This was because it did not yet have the resources to do so. Also some of the generals felt uneasy because ideological it was bad and will start a war. Therefore, some generals contacted the British, about Germany's ability to fight in any war. An example includes the Czech crisis of September 1938, which Beck (who was a General) believed might trigger a war in Britain and France. Hesitancy and divisions amongst the conspirators weakened the plan. ...read more.


As a result Hitler suffered only suffered minor injuries. Some 200 conspirators were ruthlessly tracked down, arrested and executed. Many were hung with piano wire at Plotzennee Prison in Berlin. While others were killed many others, such as General Rommel committed suicide. This highlighted how poorly opposition was organised. There were five main reasons why opposition in the army failed. These were; the disappearance of early tensions between the army and the regime, military success and support of the regime, failure of plots between 1942 and 1944, support for the regime amongst generals and ideological support for the regime. As a result, this effected the whole Army. This was because they were put under the direction of Himmler and the Waffen SS. Also the whole Army had to do the Nazi salute, as it was compulsory. This showed how the power of the Army declined quickly. To conclude the Army really upheld the Nazi regime between 1934 to 1937. This is because the Army was independent of the Third Reich. However, after the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair Hitler slowly took over the army and his political opposition in the Army. Even thought Hitler never got rid of the Army, he controlled the majority of it. Anjna Galliara 12K To what extent did the Army uphold the Nazi regime? Page 1 of 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To what extent did the Army uphold the Nazi regime?

    In 1933 because it (the Army) was left alone as there was a healthy respect for them as reflected in the introduction. As a result, in August 1933 Hitler had the army support meaning there was no problem in taking over the presidency and chancery.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    real authority but rarely involved in day to day discussions which formulated policy o Decision making could be seen as chaotic Terror, but people did like him seeing him as a godly figure B. 'Authoritarian Anarchy'? Inefficiency of 3rd Reich government o Many bureaucracies and agencies and no precise relation

  1. To what extent was the authoritarian nature of the Nazi regime an aberration in ...

    of power, stops rivals from becoming a threat * Enabling Act: dismantles Weimar Constitution * Reichstag Fire * Racialist policies (Nuremberg Laws) * Collectivism (Volksgemeinschaft): ties in with Duckitt's theory of authoritarianism * Secret police * Dissolved trade unions, civil servants and army swear oath of allegiance to Hitler 1945-1948

  2. History Research Project. The influence of Major Vernon Kell in the effectiveness of the ...

    (Boghardt, 2004, p.39) During the first two years of the existence of the Security Services, the organisation was unable to apprehend or even detect a single German spy. There had been many cases like this, one of which claimed to have discovered two Germans who had been signalling to each other by lamps by night.

  1. Was Nicholas's I Government Really Percieved as an Oppreive Regime

    To do this, he revoked the constitution and replaced it with a much more restrictive statute. Whenever there was any revolt, like the one in Poland, Nicholas was keen to stamp it out and local institutions were swept away and replaced by Russian institutions and governments.

  2. Assess the relative importance of the reasons why the July 1944 Bomb Plot to ...

    However it shortly became apparent that their plans had not been sufficiently organised which caused chaos which turned to panic once it was realised Hitler was alive and the SS were moving to restore order. By midnight on 20th July, Nazi authority had been restored in Berlin.

  1. To What Extent was Self-Preservation the Prime Motive of the Catholic Church's subservience to ...

    However, it did recognise that the Church would be subservient in Law to the state, disband its political wing, "The Catholic Centre Party", and, made the Nazi Curriculum mandatory in Catholic Schools. The signing of this Concordat I believe shows the willingness of the Catholic Church to agree to restrict their political progression in favour of a guaranteed existence.

  2. 'At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted and achieved conquest without firing a shot' ...

    The British also urged Hitler to make demands' Again this shows how Hitler didn't plan the unfolding of events, others presented opportunities even beyond his expectations. In terms of the French, Taylor suggests that perhaps Hitler didn't plan for a war and didn't intend to use military force to overthrow France in Europe.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work