• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Army uphold the Nazi regime between two major periods, 1934 to 1937 and 1938 to 1944.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In any political system the role of the armed forces is vital for political stability. A regime, which fails to maintain the support of the military, will lack credibility in both domestic and foreign policies. Indeed, whenever there is news of a political coup, it is usually the stance adopted by the military that proves to be the decisive factor in the survival or overthrow of the government. In Germany the military tradition went back a long way into the nation's past. Above all, it was the reputation established by Prussian militarism, which was so often evoked comment. For example by the late eighteenth century, the French statesman Mirabeau 'Prussia is not a country with an army: it is an army with a country'. It was the power of the Prussian military machine, which enabled Bismark to forge German unification out of the wars with Denmark (1864), Austria (1866) and France (1870-1). Thereafter, the Army was always to be found at the centre of German political life. The military elite enjoyed great social status in the intrigue of 1932 - 3 and in the manoeuvrings, which culminated in the Night of the Long Knives. Hence two questions will be the main theme throughout this essay: how did the army fit into the power structure of the Third Reich? ...read more.

Middle

This was because there was a mutual need as both the Army and Hitler needed each other in order to survive. However this partnership stared to wear after 1937. The second turning point happened in 1938, in the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair. This started as a result of the Hossbach Conference in 1937, the record know as the Hossbach Memorandum, Hitler put forward his foreign policy aims. High on the list was the recovery of German lands and peoples lost at Versailles and Lebensraum (living space) in the East. Most generals supported such a policy, even at the risk of war with Russia. Some generals including Blomberg, Ludwig Beck and Werner von Fritsch raised doubts about Germany's ability to fight any war. This was because it did not yet have the resources to do so. Also some of the generals felt uneasy because ideological it was bad and will start a war. Therefore, some generals contacted the British, about Germany's ability to fight in any war. An example includes the Czech crisis of September 1938, which Beck (who was a General) believed might trigger a war in Britain and France. Hesitancy and divisions amongst the conspirators weakened the plan. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result Hitler suffered only suffered minor injuries. Some 200 conspirators were ruthlessly tracked down, arrested and executed. Many were hung with piano wire at Plotzennee Prison in Berlin. While others were killed many others, such as General Rommel committed suicide. This highlighted how poorly opposition was organised. There were five main reasons why opposition in the army failed. These were; the disappearance of early tensions between the army and the regime, military success and support of the regime, failure of plots between 1942 and 1944, support for the regime amongst generals and ideological support for the regime. As a result, this effected the whole Army. This was because they were put under the direction of Himmler and the Waffen SS. Also the whole Army had to do the Nazi salute, as it was compulsory. This showed how the power of the Army declined quickly. To conclude the Army really upheld the Nazi regime between 1934 to 1937. This is because the Army was independent of the Third Reich. However, after the Blomberg-Fritsch Affair Hitler slowly took over the army and his political opposition in the Army. Even thought Hitler never got rid of the Army, he controlled the majority of it. Anjna Galliara 12K To what extent did the Army uphold the Nazi regime? Page 1 of 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To what extent did the Army uphold the Nazi regime?

    In 1933 because it (the Army) was left alone as there was a healthy respect for them as reflected in the introduction. As a result, in August 1933 Hitler had the army support meaning there was no problem in taking over the presidency and chancery.

  2. Describe the main forms of opposition to the Nazi regime, 1933 - 1939/Why did ...

    By this point, Hitler's position was almost unassailable. As you can see, Hitler did face a considerable amount of opposition, but these groups were the active resistors. Many German citizens showed their resistance to the regime through smaller actions which may seem insignificant at first glance, but show the regime's true popularity.

  1. To what extent was the authoritarian nature of the Nazi regime an aberration in ...

    replaced by the Staatsrat Argument Niall Ferguson believed that the role of the Nazi economy had been radical in almost every respect, while maintaining at its core a collection of fundamental contradictions which would have undermined its successes in the long-term.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    The Historikerstreit (historians' conflict), pitting conservative against liberal or left-wing historians, was conducted on all sides with such vehemence that the purpose was largely obscured for the public." The controversy illustrates how sensitive the issue of Nazism still is fifty years after its ignominious defeat.

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    key industrialists and landowners were very concerned about the lack of effective government. They had never been committed to parliamentary democracy and now believed their fears were confirmed. Some saw the possibility of using the Nazi's popular support to channel the political system in a more authoritarian direction.

  2. History Research Project. The influence of Major Vernon Kell in the effectiveness of the ...

    resources, he had to enlist the help of chief constables from around the country to help his initial counter-espionage strategy. It was Kell's good fortune that the Home Secretary for most of 1910 and 1911 was Winston Churchill. Christopher Andrew writes, "Winston Churchill, who in the course of a long

  1. Was Nicholas's I Government Really Percieved as an Oppreive Regime

    To do this, he revoked the constitution and replaced it with a much more restrictive statute. Whenever there was any revolt, like the one in Poland, Nicholas was keen to stamp it out and local institutions were swept away and replaced by Russian institutions and governments.

  2. Assess the relative importance of the reasons why the July 1944 Bomb Plot to ...

    However it shortly became apparent that their plans had not been sufficiently organised which caused chaos which turned to panic once it was realised Hitler was alive and the SS were moving to restore order. By midnight on 20th July, Nazi authority had been restored in Berlin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work