• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 is one of the most significant dates in the history of Europe." How far do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 is one of the most significant dates in the history of Europe." How far do you agree with this statement? Word count 1896 Europe, in 1917 was in a state of disrepair; the First World War was wreaking havoc on both the western allied front and the eastern Russian front. Although industrially backwards Russia had originally entered the war, in 1914, in high spirits, winning many victories over Germany, but by 1917 disillusionment with the regime had spread: "In two and a half years the Russians had suffered five and a half million casualties; the troops were short of ammunition, the civilian population of food; the transport system was in chaos; and the Government was so divided by petty feuds that in the last twelve months of Tsarism, there were four different Prime Ministers, three different War Ministers, and three different Foreign Ministers."1 These casualties led to dissent from the army and thus provoked the series of revolutions that had been occurring since the beginning of the twentieth century, for protests had erupted causing the Tsar, Nicolas II to establish a constitution and a legislative, (Duma) with a Prime Minister, in order to grant some democracy into the system in 1905, and in February (occurring on the eighth of March by the western calendar) of 1917 strikes and riots broke out, the troops sided with the rioters, revolting against the Tsar who was forced to abdicate. ...read more.

Middle

"At Versailles the peacemakers were haunted by the 'spectre of bolshevism' spreading from Lenin's newly created Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, (USSR)."8 This mistrust in the left was provoked by Lenin's government actively persuading revolution across the world "The Russian newspaper, Pravda proclaimed on the first of November 1918, 'The World Revolution has begun...Nothing can hold up the iron tread of Revolution'".9 These attacks on the systems of the west in turn, led to countries to withhold recognition; such as Britain until 1924, the US until 1933 and Yugoslavia until 1940. These actions secluded Russia, leaving her cut off from the allied forces, "The pre-war balance of power was stricken at its roots; the revolution inaugurated twenty years of virtual isolation for Russia"10 And so throughout the inter war years Russia had to turn inward and to small states. This isolation stemmed from the revolution due to the revolution being that which brought a communist government to power, the capitalist west thereby disapproving and as such meant that as a weak nation the newly formed Soviet Union turned to Nazi Germany and negotiated the Nazi-Soviet pact on the 23rd of August 1939, in order to maintain neutrality in the face of an impending war. This action left the world stunned due to the two conflicting ideologies cooperating and thereby adds justification to the idea that the October revolution was extremely significant to European history for it added weight to the Nazi campaign towards the Second World War. ...read more.

Conclusion

And therefore there are other epochs that give rise to the changing nature of Europe and how it is seen today. The Bolshevik revolution has been a catalyst in the evolution and explosions of war across the continent, however, by allowing the protests and revolutions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to provoke the revolt on Petrograd in the February revolutions the October revolution may not of occurred, for it was through the Dumas' failure to produce a governmental system capable of leading Russia after the fall of the Tsar that left the government open to a coup d'etat by the Bolshevik party. This fear of similar revolutions further isolated the new USSR and caused rise to extremist right-wing activity such as the Nazi party who promised to 'defend against the threat of communism' thus in turn leading to that which caused the Second World war, and from that the Cold War as the fear of a strong communist country propelled the USA into a stalemate and arms race with the nation. The Bolshevik revolution in essence was in preparation for a series of revolts and uprisings across the continent, for, "Lenin had justified the timing of the Russian October Revolution by referring to the imminence of Revolution in Europe."15 However, instead it caused the isolation of the USSR and therefore created a shadow across the eastern part of Europe, which threatened the democratic west with the slow approach of communism, and therefore the Bolshevik revolution was highly integral to the formation of Europe as it is seen today. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How far do you agree that the Cold War broke out in Europe because ...

    4 star(s)

    the Wilsonian idealism of free trade and an open door economic system which they were strongly influenced by. Opening the Western European economies globally would provide markets for US products through trade, thus strengthening the US economy and also protecting themselves as well as Europe from the Soviet ideology.

  2. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    Therefore, food shortages were also starting to make their way into the Red held urban areas of Russia, so that in February 1918 the bread ration in Petrograd had reached an all time low of only 50 grams per person a day and workers started to flee from the cities, leaving factories short of workers.

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    This meant that they made easy targets for the German machine-gunners. * The British army did not seem to have prepared as thoroughly for the battle as the French had. French trenches were better built and much more effective * In Haig's defence.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Truman sensed that only if the issues were posed as directly related to the nation's fundamental moral concern-not just self-interest- would there be a possibility of winning political support. Hence, as Truman defined the question, the world had to choose "between alternative ways of life."

  1. UNIT 6: PAPER 6b: THE SOVIET UNION AFTER LENIN

    * Target figures of arrests and executions were set for each district. Kulaks and returning political prisoners were to be the main category, but priests, former members of political parties, nationalists, ex- Whites were all added to the list. * In all, nearly 2 million people were arrested at this time, with about 700,000 being executed.

  2. The Collapse of Communism in the USSR and Eastern Europe

    Faced with such economic, political, and military strain, Gorbachev virtually had no other choice than to seek to minimize Soviet expenses. And this meant, of course, reorganizing the empire for efficiency (perestroika). It also entailed pacifying the masses by giving them a voice; the policy of open discussion, known as

  1. Indian History. To what extent did large dams built before 1990 fulfil Nehru's ambitions?

    This is particularly impressive given that India's population doubled from 1951 to 1990. The progress made was even more significant than Nehru could possibly have foreseen. As the East-West conflict heightened, America and the Soviet Union were ever more in search of satellite states.

  2. In the context of the period 1905-2005, how far do you agree that Khrushchev ...

    Were the Kulaks not of economical benefit, during and before the tenure of Stalin? The primary creation of the Kulaks by Stolypin, was for economic growth.[30] Khrushchev?s criticism was not on the idea of producing grain on a grand scale to export for an economic capital, in turn redirecting the capital to industrial expansion, rather the way it was implemented.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work