• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The nazi's believed that support for the party should be based more on faith in, and loyalty to, the leader, than on logical thought - Therefore the nazi programme read "Adolf Hitler" or "Germany".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION * The nazi's believed that support for the party should be based more on faith in, and loyalty to, the leader, than on logical thought. Therefore the nazi programme read "Adolf Hitler" or "Germany" * Leading writer of nazi ideology was Alfred Rosenberg. In 1925 he published his book, The Myth of the twentieth century in which he restated the racial doctrines developed in mein kampf about the superiority of the Aryan race and denounced the Jews as parasites. He also attacked freemasonry, Christianity & communism. * In 1934, Rosenberg was made responsible for training all nazi party members in national socialist ideology. THE GERMAN VOLK & THE NEED FOR RACIAL PURITY * Racially pure national community - VOLKGEMEINSCHAFT based on the principle of 'common good before the good of the individual'. * Creation of a racial state where membership would be open only to pure Germans in a one people, one empire - 'ein volk, ein Reich.' * Meant recovery of Reich's territories and people lost in the treaty of Versailles. He wanted to take in all Germans nationals, including those of Austria, Czechoslovakia & Poland. Mein Kampf - 'people of the same blood should be in the same Reich.' Attractive policy for many especially the army as they resented the treaty of Versailles & wanted the restoration of German greatness & empire. ...read more.

Middle

And because of this he never spoke of it in his speeches & despite this apparent inconsistency, there was always a general aim to get rid of the Jews. * Policies were largely dictated by circumstances and evolved from depriving the Jews of their civil liberties & economic livelihood to increased persecution and violence, symbolized by the organized destruction and massacre of 1938, and reached a climax in their forced removal to the death camps of the east from 1942 onwards. CONQUEST OF "LIVING SPACE" (LEBENSRAUM) & HOSTILITY TO RUSSIA * Increasing population resulted in pressure on land & resources, which meant that Germany was a people without space. * In Mein Kampf Hitler declared that: "The external security of a people in largely determined by the size of its territory." If he won power Hitler promised to occupy Russian land that would provide protection and lebensraum (living space) for the German people. This action would help to destroy the Jewish/Marxist attempt to control the world: "The Russian Empire in the East is ripe for collapse; and the end of the Jewish domination of Russia will also be the end of Russia as a state." This policy ran the risk of war but it was welcomed by Hitler. ...read more.

Conclusion

A PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE * Weltanschauung ("world view" or "Outlook-on-the World") - word used to describe national socialist's philosophy of life. Racial struggle, fanatical anti Semitism & a belief that Germany's future could be secured only through the conquest of lebensraum at the expense of Russia. * Marxism was regarded as a rival of weltanschauung because: ? Marxism represented mass democracy & equality, which opposed Hitler's beliefs of an authoritarian state & the aristocratic rule of the elite. ? Marxism's belief in equality between peoples challenged Nazi racial inequality & the domination of the strong. ? Its class solidarity opposed Hitler's call for national unity founded in the Volk. ? Its internationalism opposed his nationalism. * The writings of Treitschke influenced Hitler's obsession with violence, struggle & war. Hitler interpreted social Darwinism to mean that nature is governed by selection, victory goes to the strong & the weak must be eliminated. * Along with the concept of struggle, he believed that the purity of blood and the creativity of each individual were the three principles that controlled the vitality of every nation. * Hitler was aware of the mixed response he got from people, but he relied on propaganda to get the people to accept his Weltanschauung. In this he was not completely successful, but he did not abandon his central beliefs. NATIONAL SOCIALIST PHILOSOPHY AND IDEOLOGY ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. This essay will examine the rise of anti-Semitism from ancient times to the Holocaust ...

    The German invasion of Poland in September 1939 meant that the sizeable Jewish population now came under the control of the Nazis too. Most major Polish cities had large Jewish populations with the Jews already living in separate areas quite naturally.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Role of education, the arts, the media, propaganda ---------------- D. Status of women, treatment of religious groups and minorities Education in propaganda: Nazis' approach stemmed from anti-intellectual prejudices and importance placed on healthy bodies. They also stressed racially pure "volksgemeinschaft" Bernard Rust(Nazi Education Minister)

  1. The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler.

    On April 30, 1945 Hitler kills himself, because he realizes he cannot win the war. 11. Quote something this person said or wrote that reflects his or her thinking. Explain why you think it reflects the person's thinking. Your answer must be at least ten sentences long.

  2. How far was the holocaust a long term plan of nazi racial policy?

    In viewing Nazi party literature, the fundamental anti-Semitic view is portrayed; however, there is no mention, or implication of the planning of the final solution. An example of this is the 25-point programme, published in 1920. "4. Only members of the nation may be citizens of the State.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    sending troops to aid the Finns, and actually decided to do so a few days before a Soviet-Finnish peace was concluded in March 1940. The Nazis also took note of Soviet military weakness and filed it for future reference. The peace was an important factor in Daladier's replacement by Paul

  2. To what extent do you consider that Hitler and the Nazis had achieved their ...

    Looking at the Hitler youth I do think that they where over-all extremely successful in creating a Volksgemeinschaft for the youth; which is partially because they where very impressionable, and did create an obedient and health youth ready for war; although their disregard for intellect suggest they may be lacking in intelligence when it comes to war.

  1. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    Finally both systems worked perfect in respect to rearmament and getting ready for war, but Hitler neglecting to force German population to produce even more by means of terror or imposing his power made him end in economic crisis in the late 1930's as a result of his rearmament policy.

  2. The Holocaust was the result of Hitlers long held grand design to pursue a ...

    This speech was delivered as a means of propaganda therefore should not be interpreted as a trustworthy blueprint for genocide; the bulk of Nazi propaganda existed only to intensify the public?s belief, support and commitment to the government?s policies. Hitler himself wrote ?the art of propaganda consists precisely in being

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work