• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The origins of the 6 day war -June 1967.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ISRAEL AND THE ARAB STATES, 1967-1989 THE ORIGINS OF THE 6 DAY WAR -JUNE 1967 The origins of the 6 Day War lay in: 1 )The 1956 settlement after the SUEZ War in 1956 which ended with British-French evacuation from the Canal Zone & Israeli withdrawal from Sinai & the Gaza Strip. Israeli forces replaced by UNEF which was stationed only on Egyptian side of the border . Israel would not allow deployment of UN forces on its soil. President Nasser had emerged from Suez War with his prestige enhanced -Russia financed the building of the Aswan Dam & shipped arms & military equipment to Egypt. Israel not allowed to keep the territory taken from Egypt during the war; all that she gained was the right of passage through the Straits of Tiran linking the Gulf of Aquaba with the Red Sea. That agreement was the price of her withdrawal -keeping open the Straits of Tiran to her shipping was a vital interest which she would fight to defend 2) the long-term Israeli defence build-up between 1956 and 1966 to be prepared to war on all its borders: -consisted of strategic defence based on i) ...read more.

Middle

USSR assumed responsibility for Egyptian air defence -20,000 military advisers sent to Egypt but Russians continued to support cease-fire at Canal Zone & to urge restrain upon the Egyptians 2 (a)US took over role of major arms supplier to Israel after de Gaulle stopped French arms deliveries in wake of 1967 war. Washington took position: -that Israel's security requirements would have be comprehensively addressed -she would have to receive a quid pro quo if she were to withdraw from the occupied territories conquered in 1967. -Supported UN Resolution 242 passed in November 1967 -was to provide basis for future agreement. (b) lsrael and Jordan were important regional partners for the United States. -civil war broke out in September 1970 between King & PLO -threatened to destabilise Jordan where Palestinians comprised half the population. -Syrian army moved into Jordan i) Substantial American arms shipments to Jordanian ruler to help him hang on to power . ii) Sought to contain crisis within Jordan, prevent further intervention of outside powers which might draw in Superpowers & cause the crisis to escalate. RUN-UP TO YOM KIPPUR WAR 1) During 1967-1970 Egypt & Israel fought a "war of attrition" across the Suez Canal and the Sinai border . ...read more.

Conclusion

sought to overcome these difficulties by inviting President Sadat of Egypt & Prime Minister Begin of Israel to Camp David in September 1978. -After 3 days of negotiating they produced outline of an EGYPTIAN-ISRAELI PEACE ACCORD which was signed in March 1979 TERMS: 1) Both states agreed to end state of war between them & establish full diplomatic relations 2) The Sinai was to be returned to Egypt & Israeli settlements to be removed 3) In return Israeli ships were promised free use of Suez Canal & Straits of Tiran 4) Egyptians accepted vague commitment from Israel to grant autonomy to West Bank & Gaza but Israel to retain overall control CONSEQUENCES OF SETTLEMENT- THE COLD PEACE -EGYPT was denounced by other Arabs for betraying Arab cause- they cut off diplomatic & economic ties with Cairo -Opposition within Egypt itself led to assassination of Sadat in 1981 -Israel would not agree to self-determination for West Bank & Gaza -continued to establish settlements there -no movement in this direction for over a decade until diplomatic movement began as a result of : -massive protests by Palestinians which began in West Bank & Gaza in 1987(the INTIFADA) & -recognition of Israel's right to exist by PLO in 1988 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    He also ordered the withdrawing of Soviet troops from Hungary, to try and calm the situation. However, popular protests continued. * Nagy set up a new government, which included non-communists, and then on 30th October announced free elections and, on 2nd November, Hungary's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact.

  2. Why was the Six-day War of 1967 a Significant Turning Point in the History ...

    The war was over within six days. 700 Israelis were killed with 13000 Arabs killed. 2500 Israelis were wounded with 27000 Arabs wounded. On the Sunday the 11th of June 1967 the cease fire was officially called. Foreseen Consequences: But what did this war actually lead to?

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Significantly, the first acts of the Cominform were to express strong criticism of the revisionist lines of such communist parties as those of France, Italy, Japan and, later, Yugoslavia. The Cold War Begins The Yalta conference is often cited as the beginning of the Cold War.

  2. Europe and the Suez Crisis 1956 - To what extent was the military action ...

    This can to some extent be true, as the Suez Crisis was an event in the Cold War, when the British and French democracies tried to, together with America, contain the expanding Communist bloc. However, other possible interpretations of the Crisis and the British and French intentions contradict this view.

  1. ‘In origins andoutcome, the Spanish Civil War was a Spanish and not a European ...

    Blum, if he did not want to crash the coalition, could not intervene. He also did not want to loose the alliance with Britain, which was strongly against any intervention. So, in particular Britain decided to cope at first with its own problems and not to intervene for the benefit of the Republicans.

  2. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1956, 1967 and 1973.

    This was exactly what the USSR had wanted. Perhaps Russia was either truly misinformed about the attack or purposely lied to Syria so as to trigger off a war and prove to the USA that Russia indeed had a greater influence in the Arab world, or even maybe so as

  1. Armed forces.

    against machinery Boers clash with Xhosa in South Africa 1780 Gordon riots in London Tupac Amaru revolt in Peru Steel nib pen invented 1781 Britain takes Charleston but surrenders at Yorktown; French gain supremacy of sealanes around colonies Kant's Critique of pure reason Herschel discovers Uranus 1782 Political crisis results

  2. The Origins of the Cold War.

    would be dismantled if the United States dismantled its missile installations in Turkey. Kennedy decided to ignore this second letter and to accept the offer outlined in the letter of October 26. Khrushchev then announced on October 28 that he would dismantle the installations and return them to the Soviet

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work