• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The structures of the Soviet State were created by Lenin and abused by Stalin. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The moment Lenin had stepped into power, he was clear of his aims. Lenin had wanted a Proletariat Revolution, which had already been achieved, and then a Dictatorship of the Proletariat, in which he would rule on their behalf. As Marx had said in his writings that it was necessary to put down all opposition and put Communist reforms into place, Lenin's made it so that his government would have complete power and the people would not have any opportunity to decide if they wished to be controlled by other parties. Stalin was an enthusiastic defender of Lenin and the Marxist exiles who published the socialist paper Iskra. 1 Once he gained power after Lenin's death, he began to build up Russia as he said; "Other countries are 50 years ahead of Russia. We must make this up in 10 years".2 It was Stalin's belief that Russia was so far behind the rest of Europe that I they didn't "catch up and overtake these countries in the technical and economic sense (...) We [Russia] shall be crushed".3 Two of Stalin's main aims, therefore was for a centrally-planned economy called a "command economy" and a totalitarian system of government. ...read more.

Middle

level".15 While this was great for Russia, it was abandoned by Stalin in favour of his new Five-Year Plan. Referring back to Stalin's belief that Russia was so far behind the other countries in Europe, it was his hope that the introduction of the five-year plan would mean that the USSR's industrial base would reach the level of capitalist countries' in the West, to prevent them being beaten in another possible war. 16 Though many of the Bolsheviks were against the New Economic Policy as it was seen as a "betrayal of communist principles",17 Stalin's change of heart after the 'war scare' and his reasons behind the five-year plan helped to convince many of them that it was a great idea. Stalin's aim for the plan was for it to be "the transformation of the country from an agrarian into and industrial one, capable by its own means of producing the necessary equipment".18 Stalin had specific targets of output which workers were expected to achieve and because of Stalin's government backing and force, punishments would be doled out should any targets not be met. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lenin had a fundamental belief in eventual demise of the state and, however much Stalin presented himself as being Lenin's most loyal follower, in reality he destroyed much of Lenin's achievements26. 1 http://library.thinkquest.org/C0112205/stalinsrussia.html 2 http://library.thinkquest.org/C0112205/stalinsrussia.html 3 Five-Year Plan sheet 4 Methods of Nazis, Fascists and Bolsheviks - Gareth Jones. 5 Five-Year Plan sheet 6 Stalinist Russia - Steve Phillips 7 The Unknown Lenin - Richard Pipes 8 The Real Bolshevist - Stephen F. Cohen 9 www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fearmongering 10 The Cheka: Lenin's Political Police - George Leggett 11 http://www.angloeuropean.essex.sch.uk/History/IB_Notes/lenin.htm 12 http://www.angloeuropean.essex.sch.uk/History/IB_Notes/lenin.htm 13 Revolution and Civil War in Russia - Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis 14 A History of Twentieth-Century Russia - Robert Service 15 A History of Twentieth-Century Russia - Robert Service 16 Revolution and Civil War in Russia - Elisabeth Gaynor Ellis 17 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Economic_Policy 18 Five-Year Plan sheet 19 http://library.thinkquest.org/C0112205/leninsrussia.html 20 The Unknown Lenin - Richard Pipes 21 Democracy and the Socialist Movement - John McAnulty 22 Stalinist Russia - Steve Phillips 23 The Making of the Soviet System - M. Lewin 24 The Making of the Soviet System - M. Lewin 25 The Making of the Soviet System - M. Lewin 26 Stalin: A Biography - Robert Service ?? ?? ?? ?? The structures of the Soviet State were created by Lenin and abused by Stalin. Discuss. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. To What Extent Had Mussolini Established A Personal Dictatorship by 1928?

    With this royal support, Mussolini felt strong enough to take on his opponents. Any critics of Mussolini were beaten up and newspapers that were not supportive of the Fascists were shut down. In January 1925, Mussolini said the following: "I declare....in front of the Italian people......that I alone assume the political, moral and historic responsibility for everything that has happened.

  2. The First English Civil War

    Only the best regiments on either side, however, maintained their order, and the decision of the infantry battle was achieved mainly by a few Parliamentary squadrons. One regiment of Essex's right wing had been the target of Wilmot's charge. The other two had been at the moment, invisible, and every

  1. The cult of Stalin and the purges of the 1930(TM)s were two aspects of ...

    This means that historians can only speculate with regard to what actually took place during this significant event. Although Nikolayev was arrested, there are varied theories about who led the conspiracy behind the assassination, one conjecture being Stalin himself was involved, although no solid evidence has ever been found to prove this.

  2. The Spanish Civil War

    The American-owned Vacuum Oil Company in Tangier, for example, refused to sell to Republican ships and the Texas Oil Company supplied gasoline on credit to Franco until the war's end. Many in these countries were also shocked by the violence practiced by anarchist and POUM militias - and reported by

  1. Why did bolsheviks win civil war

    he had very definite aims and a sense of purpose about what he believed was best for Russia. One of the ways Lenin had enabled the Bolsheviks to win the war was by successfully supporting the Red Army; this was done by abandoning state capitalism and introducing War Communism as

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    During the second half of the century, more economic progress was made with improvements in communication, education and agriculture, with the construction of a great railway system and the introduction of major canal schemes. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 increased trade with India, which took on a new significance.

  1. Despite frequent changes in policy, Russian and Soviet governments were spectacularly unsuccessful in securing ...

    as a result of the economic reforms of Sergei Witte (1892-1903)?[5]. This is easy to see, when one considers that in 1914, Russia produced 35 million tons of coal, ranking Russia fifth amongst the main producers.[6] Building on Lee?s argument, there seems to be a lot of evidence pointing to Sergei Witte as the main reason for Russia?s industrial boom.

  2. The outbreak of the 1905 revolution was due to the grievances of the peasants ...

    He had no interest in politics and found daily work of monarch dull. To make matter worse he was an anti-sematic man in a country with millions Jews and insisted the state put restriction with their religion, education and culture.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work