• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23

There were two periods in which the United States pursued policies of non-intervention in the affairs of neighbouring states. The first was the years immediately following the American War of Independence, which ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

Extracts from this document...


INTRODUCTION There were two periods in which the United States pursued policies of non-intervention in the affairs of neighbouring states. The first was the years immediately following the American War of Independence, which ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783. The second period immediately followed the "Great Depression" which saw the collapse of the American economy, the recovery from which started in 1933. It should be noted that both periods occurred at times when the economy of the United States was weak and periods of direct and indirect intervention followed on each occasion when the United States prospered. The first major policy statement was the Manifest Destiny (1801) in which the expansionist ambitions were outlined. This was followed by the Monroe Document of 1823, which sought to discourage European intervention in the affairs of the countries of the region, especially as they related The Declaration of Independence from their European masters, by Latin America countries. The Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine as stated by Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, first mentioned the possibility of American intervention to resolve "chronic wrong-doing in the western hemisphere" which he claimed may force "the United States to the exercise of an international police power". The historical context of these policies, as well as the economic conditions both in the United States and worldwide, must be examined, in order to understand the concerns which were responsible for the development of these policies and, the perception by American leaders, that it was possible to successfully pursue a strategy of intervention at times to further the interests of the United States. United States Government Policies The Manifest Destiny The expansionist policy of President Jefferson, which as stated before, was necessary for the development of his country, was however not limited only to the North American continent, but also to other parts of the Americas and the Caribbean. In 1801, he outlined the "Manifest Destiny" when he said, "... ...read more.


This however changed in 1898. When the United States engineered the War of Independence in 1895 with the introduction of the Wilson tariff on imported sugar, it nevertheless stayed out of the war, until provided with an excuse that a battleship, the USS Marine, blew up in Havana Harbour and the Spanish were blamed. War was declared in 1898. Spain was defeated, and at the Treaty of Paris, signed in December 1898, Spain formally recognised the Independence of Cuba. As part of that treaty, Puerto Rico also became a territory of the United States. The United States did not withdraw its troops from Cuba until 1901, and even so the Platt Amendment ensured that the United States had close control over Cuban Affairs after the withdrawal of the United States military. The Platt Agreement included the right of the United States to intervene in Cuba for the "protection of life, liberty and individual property." This amendment was not withdrawn until 1934. The appearance of being a good neighbour to Cuba was therefore being used to attempt to carry out United States expansionist aims. Panama The United States became interested in building a Canal connecting the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean because it was in her interest. The country was expanding westwards and gold had been discovered in California in 1848. It was necessary to find a shorter sea route to California than sailing south around cape Horn in Chile. Further, at the Treaty of Paris, the United States had acquired colonies in the Pacific i.e. Guam and the Philippines and wanted their war ships to have a short route to their territories for protection. In 1850, the U.S. signed the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty with Britain in which both countries agreed to share in the construction and control of the canal across the Isthmus of Panama, which belonged to Columbia. Britain became more interested in building the Suez Canal and, a French Company obtained the rights from Colombia (valid until 1904), to build a canal in Panama. ...read more.


and much of Latin America, because of the Monroe Document and the Roosevelt Corollary. The Good Neighbour Policy was introduced in response to nationalistic movements in Latin America, which viewed the former policies as an invasion of their sovereignty. The United States did not wish to have active enemies in its "neighbourhood". She was forced therefore to stick to this Policy when its economy was in turmoil during the depression of 1929-1932 and during her recovery period after. It can be seen that the United States did not consider that this policy prevented it from intervening in other countries if it felt "its interests" were threatened as it reserved the right to do in 1948 when the Organisation of the American States was formed. Its obsession with regional security, which dominated its policy after the construction of the Panama Canal, continued during World War II with its insistence on getting bases in the Caribbean in return for warships. Their earlier expansionists policies had paved the way for the country to become prosperous and its influence had been so firmly established over the region in terms of trade and investment that it could afford to relax its physical presence and control these countries economically. There was however, physical intervention covertly with the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 and the naval blockade of Cuba in 1962. In 1979, there was the invasion of Grenada. It may be argued that the United States is still in an interventionist phase as it appears that the United States will physically intervene to police the region whenever it considers that its interests are being threatened. Question A: Critically examine the change in the United States policy of non-intervention to intervention in the Caribbean. B: Discuss the "Good Neighbour" Policy Kejan Johnson-Haynes Queen's Royal College Centre no. 1646 History SBA The United States' Intervention in the Caribbean Table of Contents Introduction...................................................................1 United States Government Policies....................................2 Historical Background...................................................5 The Effect of American Policy in Latin America....................7 Other Policies Affecting the Caribbean................................10 Section B: The Good Neighbour Policy..............................12 Conclusion.................................................................15 Maps........................................................................ ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    end of the Second World War, they agreed to divide the country into four zones, one each for the USA, the USSR, Britain and France. * Each of the four allies was to be responsible for its own sector. Decisions affecting Germany as a whole would be taken jointly and

  2. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    benefits and paid holidays, as well as attempts to reduce the top-heavy officer corps of the army through early retirement and with the 1931 constitution, he abolished the nobility and with Article 26, he was able to take extensive measures against the Church.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    In FDR's words, "We have got to be tough with Germany, and I mean the German people not just the Nazis. We either have to castrate the German people or you have got to treat them in such a manner so they can't just go on reproducing people who want to continue the way they have in the past."

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis and the blockade

    In terms of the air strike, it was clear to Eubank that with the United States launching the first strike, Russia might feel as if they were justified in retaliating with nuclear missiles. The blockade is seen as the best option to Eubank, as he feels it was a gateway to further proceedings.

  1. Could the American War of Independence Have Been Avoided?

    They also resented Britain as the original colonists had fled from Britain to avoid religious persecution, so this tradition was carried through the generations. The middle colonies had great potential for industry and were resentful of the fact that they were curtailed by Britain's control on trade, also they were

  2. The Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Alternative Policies That Could Have been Pursued Three alternative policies President, John F. Kennedy could have pursued in 1961 during the Bay of Pigs invasion were discontinuing Eisenhower's plan altogether, resolving conflicts diplomatically, or backing the anti-revolutionary forces more aggressively with U.S.

  1. Describe the historical claims of Britain and Argentina to the Falkland Islands

    Also they believed that letting Argentina rule the islands against the wish of the Falklanders would not improve the situation but most likely make it worse. In 1965 the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 2065 specifying the Falkland/Malvinas as a colonial problem.

  2. The role of Saddam Hussain in serving the aims of America in the Middle ...

    Saddam Hussain does not stop causing problems with the inspection team of the United Nations, UNSCOM, working in Iraq in order to ensure that Iraq does not possess any weapons of mass destruction. The United States uses this as an excuse in order to mobilise her forces in the Gulf

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work