• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the United States force Japan to attack Pearl Harbor and why?

Extracts from this document...


6. To what extent did the United States force Japan to attack Pearl Harbor and why? Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 1941 suddenly, which marked the preamble of Pacific war. For century, historians made grave effort to investigate the reasons for this sudden attack. For most of the traditional interpretation, blame was put on Japan for her boundless ambition. On the other hand, some revisionist interpretation blamed against American on her rigid and inflexible policy toward Japan, worse still, some even argued that the war was a conspiracy that attracted Japan to attack. From my perspective, blame should be put, to a large extent, on American despite the fact that Japan should also need to bear the grudge on such an attack.(Central idea) The aim of Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was crystal clear, that was for the control of recourse. Japan, being an island state, which was devoid of natural resource, was fatal to her military expansion. To support her military need, a huge amount of iron ore was needed. The iron ore was mainly located on South East Asia, thus an attack on South East Asia seemed unavoidable. By 1941, the biggest obstacle to Japan was only the Pacific Fleet on the Pearl Harbor. A large group of navy in Pearl Harbor could move to the Philippines, an American colony, within a very short period. ...read more.


For one thing, after the fall of France in 1940, Japan formally allied with Germany in anti-comintern Pact. Thus, Japanese expansion would become a global issue which demanded more attention. For another thing, Japanese conquest of Indo-China as well as the Southern China which began in 1938 affected the whole balance of power in Far East, but more importantly, it was undoubtedly a threat to the Philippines, an American colony, which was also an American interest. Thus, the changing environment was another reason that led to his vigorous policy on Japan. As for the consequence, besides stifling the final talk, his vigorous policy also helped to conjure up a very poor imagine of America as compared to other nations in many Japanese eye.(Topic sentence 4, related to topic sentence 2)Even Britain and France would like to please Japan, because of their home-front's German threat. In 1934, Britain proposed a non-aggression pact with Japan. Later, she even accepted the Wang government in Nanjing in 1937. There was limit oil exportation to Japan in 1941. Only was the Roosevelt policy was not suiting the taste of Japan, that why American image grew to be so poor in Japan. Worse still, Dover argued that the ancient sentiment of outsiders was ingrained and exposed in this case3. Outsiders (American) were considered as evil, ghost, barbarian, or monster in Japanese eyes. ...read more.


To sum up, American policy or even more correctly the policy of Roosevelt created an environment that to Japan; sudden attack was the only one means to solve the current difficulties. On the other hand, we should also blame Japan on her ambition as well as her over-confidence on her force. Central idea: To a large extent, Blames should be put on America State the faults of Japan first, then to argue the blames of America Reason 1: Stopped the talk between America and Japan-->because of the wrong perception on Japan, and the changing environment Reason 2: poor image to Japan Reason 3: conspiracy theory-->we did not know if it is true-->no comment Conclusion 1 Frederick W. Marks, "Pearl Harbor Revisited". New York, 1995. Prelude to Pearl Harbor: The Diplomatic Dress Rehearsal. 2 Herbert Feis, "The road to Pearl Harbor: the coming of the war between the United States and Japan". New York, 1962. 3 John W. Dover, "War without Mercy race and power in the Pacific War". Toronto, 1986. The Demonic Other. 4 John W. Dover, "War without Mercy race and power in the Pacific War". Toronto, 1986. Pattern of a race war. 5 Charles Tansill, "Black door to war: Roosevelt foreign policy, 1933 to 1941". Chicago, 1952. 6 John Keegan, "The Second War" USA, 1989. The War in the Pacific 1941-1943 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. 'Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbour?'

    Japan had to attack Pearl Harbour because of their lack of raw materials. This was the major long-term cause of the attack. This can be linked back to the Emperor and the military influence. They were the two main influences on the Japanese people and the Emperor himself was encouraged by militarism.

  2. 'Why Did Japan Attack Pearl Harbour?' In December 1941, Pearl Harbour was attacked by ...

    Japan took the advantage and bombed Pearl Harbour, severely weakening the American Navy. This proved crucial as it both evened out the power between Japan and America and it also gave Japan the opportunity to expand further whilst collecting vital supplies to fight a war with America and give them a fighting chance.

  1. Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbour?

    The consequences did not go to plan, even though the attack was as successful as it could have ever been. Japan took on more than she could have bargained for. If America did not fear the increasing power of Japan and tried to stop her in ways like Tariffs Japan would not have attacked America.

  2. To What Extent Have The Attempts For A Palestinian State Been Blocked By The ...

    What has been shown by the aforementioned examples of Israel's role in fostering the environment in which a Palestinian state can be created, is that its virtually non-existent. Instead of complying with the UN and International Law, it has pursued the option of establishing a brutal military occupation born out

  1. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    London authorities attempted to meet the costs of imperial administration by levying a tax on the colonials; the STAMP ACT of 1765 required a tax on all public documents, newspapers, notes and bonds, and almost every other printed paper. A raging controversy that brought business practically to a standstill erupted in the colonies.

  2. History of the United States

    A formerly crude society acquired a polished and numerous elite. Trade and cities flourished. The 250,000 settlers who had lived in the mainland colonies to the south of Canada in 1700 became 2,250,000 by 1775 and would grow to 5,300,000 by 1800.

  1. The "Bombing of Pearl Harbor".

    There were two waves of planes. The first wave of planes were to destroy as many capital ships as possible. Capital ships are ships that are powerful. The planes that were still up and running after the first wave were to join in the second wave.

  2. 'The Pearl Harbor Conspiracy' Who was at fault? Was it a surprise or was ...

    Fifty-one dive-bombers made up the high squadron, with forty-nine level bombers below, and forty torpedo planes below them. The second attack wave had been launched about an hour later, about 350 aircrafts. For more than an hour, bombs and bullets pelted down on the unmaneuverable American battleships.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work