• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent did the US president hinder rather than help the development of African American civil rights in the period from 1865-1992?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐To what extent did the US president hinder rather than help the development of African American civil rights in the period from 1865-1992? It can be argued that over the period 1865-1992 the majority of the presidents hindered the development rather than help as the presidents Johnson to Cleveland actively slowed down the civil rights. However, it can also be said that some of presidents did help the African Americans to a large extent, for example in the 1960s Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson actively help the African American?s through their policies. Presidents at the start of the time period might have hindered the development because of their white supremacist views, prioritising reconstruction and the need to maintain white Democrat support in the South. Presidents between Cleveland and Kennedy and after Ford can be categorised as passive relating to the issue of Civil Rights. They were distracted many events such as the Great Depression, Vietnam and the Cold War which lead to hinder the development of African American. Although most hindered the development and were passive, by 1992 presidents had created Civil Rights for African Americans. ...read more.

Middle

Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson both help white supremacist views, the former boasted he had never shared a table with an African American; the latter dismissed all black advisors to the White House. However, it can be argued that this continuity of hindering happened due to the social attitudes as new change wouldn?t be accepted by many America. Furthermore, world war one was Woodrow Wilson priority not civil right. Therefore, it can be said the ww1 also lead to slowing down the process of civil right development. Those presidents who were passive, I believe hindered the development of Civil Rights as they were not part of the solution. I believe they were indeed part of the problem. Theodore Roosevelt through to Hoover achieved very little as they were unsympathetic, useless or preoccupied. These presidents stood by as African Americans were segregated, discriminated and oppressed. For example, Theodore Roosevelt was criticised by white supremacist for holding official meeting with booker. Therefore it can be said that he was scared to take any favour for African Americans. Furthermore, president like Woodrow Wilson held racist view therefore; he was unlikely to help civil right development. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, Kennedy and Lyndon were crucial for helping African Americans gain civil rights. Kennedy efforts to attain civil rights can be argued was a means to gain votes. It can also be put forward that Kennedy was somewhat forced due to media coverage of protests such as those in Birmingham and the police brutality. Regardless, his actions and those of Lyndon carried forward after his untimely death helped develop Civil Right. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 granted Civil Rights for African Americans. It can be said that these president were only able to help to due to change in the social attitudes for example, at the start of the period emancipation proclamation introduced by Lincoln were rejected due to white Supremacist views. Whereas, the acts such as voting were accepted in 1965, suggesting that change in social attitudes lead to civil right act. In conclusion, the action of those presidents who did help was significant, without which no progress would have been made. The presidents who hindered facilitated and sustained institutional racism, those who were passive did nothing. Furthermore, it can be argued that Presidents helped only when social attitudes had changed enough for the majority of Americans to want civil rights for African Americans. Presidents reflected attitudes of the time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This uses many useful examples to discuss the question and retains its focus but the structure is too simplistic and so it can be difficult to follow the thread of the essay. Proof reading would have been useful.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 10/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the significance of the role of individuals in reducing racial discrimination in the ...

    5 star(s)

    able to advance as a race, and they need not be bound by the constraints of racial discrimination. This is why in the Long term Garvey was a valued activist, and his ideas were useful in progress in the movement towards equality.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    Civil War, and hence had a hugely negative impact on the achievement of Civil Rights for African Americans. Continuing the trend of positive moves being made by Congress, and negative moves being made by the Supreme Court, Congress passed a Civil Rights act in 1875, in reaction to increasingly more

  1. Peer reviewed

    The New Deal USA

    4 star(s)

    Source I confirms this statement as the graph shows unemployment dropped from 12.5m in 1933 to 8m by 1937 which insinuates progress with Roosevelt's economic recovery. Although the jobs were considered minor, they provided many American's with a much needed structure and dignity and also resulted in 12 million feet

  2. History essay on the new deal

    It also created public works of lasting value for example it created 70% of the nation's schools a third of its hospitals and 50 airports. Although it didn't employ any unskilled workers and Ikes was slow to put the money back into the economy.

  1. Martin Luther King and Abraham Lincoln Essay.

    King is trying to provide a vivid reflection for the 'Governor's' to make them realize what they are doing and how much better they could make if they abolish slavery and put an end to segregation.

  2. The question that will be investigated is, to what extent was the case of ...

    Further, it provides a detailed commentary and analysis of the Court's leading opinions." This source provides insight into the aftereffects of Brown v Board as well as the testimonials of the citizens at the time. Also, the author provides valuable commentary with regards to the lack of integration steps taken by the states.

  1. Immigration to the USA - write a letter home from a new immigrant

    Our journey across the Atlantic seemed like a never ending torture device until the morning of March 23. We saw in the distance what looked to be a cityscape and as we came closer, we realized we had made it.

  2. The policies of the Federal Government failed to support the civil rights of Native ...

    igniting and inspiring much more larger Red Power protests throughout the 1960s. The fact that it took the Native Americans until the later part of our time period supports the fact that they too were to blame for not supporting their own civil rights and hindering their chances of achieving any progress.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work