• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was england a protestant country by 1547

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was England a protestant country by 1547? In this essay, I shall be exploring the extent of how Protestant a country England was by 1547. The differences between Protestantism and Catholicism form a solid base in order to understand the situation in 1547 and decide which religion became more popular. Traditional Catholic beliefs rested on seven Sacraments: Baptism, Penance and Reconciliation, Last rites, Holy Orders, Marriage and the Eucharist. They believed in 'Justification by Good works'. This meant that they believed that in order to reach heaven they can do works to spend less time in purgatory and reach heaven faster. This can be done through indulgences. An indulgence implies that the Priest has a direct link to God. However, the Protestant beliefs introduced by Martin Luther that influenced the protestant ideas in England were completely different. He believed in 'Justification by Faith Alone.' ...read more.

Middle

Another was the decline in the use of relics and the fact that churches were beginning to appear more protestant. However, the six articles of 1539 show that a catholic reaction was taking place against the Protestantism ideas. The Six Articles upheld such Catholic articles as clerical celibacy, the private mass, and confessions to a priest. It also meant that Protestants were punished for violating the Six Articles, while papists were punished for denying the royal supremacy. Henry VIII also made the change between Catholicism and Protestantism extremely confused. After having a protestant influenced wife from Lutheran Germany the king was then married to a religiously conservative catholic. After executing Cromwell for his advanced religious ideas and arresting a religious conservative, Henry VIII also executed his Catholic wife and remarried to Catherine Parr who again had protestant sympathies. During the year of Henry VIII's death, his regency council of extremely conservative catholic men was replaced with a group who quickly established Protestantism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although this document was slightly more conservative it also contained strong hints of Protestantism and was seen as a way of testing public opinion. Each of these documents shows that England was completely undecided and very split amongst its ideas of religion. England was still primarily catholic when Henry VIII died; however, many parts of the old church had been destroyed. The manner in which Henry VIII played upon the anti-clerical feelings of many in Parliament was crucial to the advancement of Protestant religious doctrines in later decades. At the time of Henry's break from Rome, the English people were relatively content with the teachings of the Catholic Church, although occasionally resented hypocritical and worldly priests. The competing religious tendencies between government and people did not work themselves out in favour of a more Protestant England until after 1547. Henry always considered himself "catholic" in his beliefs and wished the Church of England to remain so as well: he considered the extremes of both Roman Catholicism and heretical Protestantism and tried contain them both in almost his own religion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. How far was England a Protestant nation on the death of Henry VIII in ...

    The publication of the Great Bible in 1939, eight years before Henry's death, the Bible was available in English to everyone; therefore all would be able to interpret the message, not just the priests. However, access to the Bible was restricted as individuals who wished to possess their own Bible had to have a license.

  2. To What Extent Was England A Protestant Country By 1547?

    A.G Dickens suggest that "there was a lot of call for reform...and discontent with the church"1, which would definitely advocate the theory that the Church was in need of reform. Also, the arguments of Simon Fish, one of many people that believed the Church was growing increasingly corrupt and not fulfilling its duty, suggest that the clergy were "greedy, ...

  1. How Protestant was England by 1547

    However the dissolution of the monasteries and the promotion of the Church been corrupt shows that Henry was moving towards Protestantism at this time. As the monasteries were a very important part of the Catholic Church and Henry wanted the money from them.

  2. To What Extent Was England Protestant by 1547?

    However the extent of Catholic beliefs was being lessened, for example in 1536 the Ten Articles were produced which showed only three sacraments, instead of the usual seven, which clearly suggested increased Protestantism. In 1545 the Catholic book of prayers was replaced by the more Protestant 'King's Prymer', which is clear evidence of religious change.

  1. How do the poets in 'Charlotte O'Neils song' and 'Nothing Changed' show their feelings ...

    Or, they could continue working and if they didn't like the way they were treated it would be easy to leave and find better work. They were also able to earn a lot more than in England. 'Nothing's Changed' is a far more angry poem.

  2. To What extent was England a Protestant country by 1547?

    13 Articles criticized the old church festivals in 1538 and possession of relics and images in the Churches were destroyed in favour of the more simple Protestant style.

  1. Death is Part of the Process

    "He should be with you." "He isn't," Alex said. "What's up?" Danny asked, looking up from the laptop. "James is missing," Maddie told him. "Maybe he was in the changing room with Will," Danny suggested. Maddie relayed this to Alex. "I'll check it out," Alex said. "Jack is down there- he'll know."

  2. Was England a Catholic or Protestant Country by January 1547?

    Maybe this move was to subtly warn Cromwell to inhibit his actions of Protestantism and to adhere to the Catholics yet again and that Henry VIII was in fact moving back to his Roman Catholic roots. In spite of this, it may be that at this time, 1538, England was Protestant like Cromwell.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work