• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Germany the cause of WW1?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was Germany the cause of WW1? When German troops stormed into Belgium on August 4, 1914, the First World War had begun. In 1919 Germany was forced to accept Article 231 of the Versailles Treaty (The War Guilt clause). That Germany was to blame for the war. There are many reasons why Germany could have been the cause of WW1: Germanys aggressive policies increased tension and soured international relations after 1897, frightening France, Russia and Britain into a defensive alignment. Germany pre-1914 had expansionist aims not dissimilar to those of Hitler. A War Council in December 1912 determined that Germany should launch an expansionist war at the first favourable opportunity. Germany hoped and expected that war would result from its backing of Austria-Hungary and Germany encouraged Austria to take a tough line in July 1914. ...read more.


Nationalism was a famous movement that had spread itself across Europe. All major powers had strong feelings toward the idea of supporting their own nation. These strong beliefs sometimes became obsessive, as nationalists became so proud of their nation that they strived for it to become richer and more powerful than any other did. Imperialism was present in Europe for sometime before the war broke out, as each of the great powers aimed to expand theirs boundaries into new areas in order to use the opportunities that the new land held. Due to each individual nation wanting its armed forces to be stronger than their potential enemy is, the imperial powers followed a policy of militarism. Once one nation began building a specific part of their military, other nation respected their mobilization and started to build up their armed forces as well. ...read more.


France and Russia agreed to help each other if any of them were attacked. Britain and France overlooked their earlier conflicts and prepared to go into a union with Russia. Once one country decided to go to war with another country in the other alliance, the additional countries declared war against on the opposing alliances as well. Out all for of the causes of WWI, nationalism was the strongest reason of the war. Countries had to also consider imperialism in order to fore fill their beliefs of nationalism. To defend their new territory, countries militarized. When other countries recognized a nation building up a military, they also begin militarizing to defend reputation and themselves. Also, due to militarism, many countries formed alliances with other countries. I believe that Germany was responsible for WW1. As they were the first country to invade another country, hence they started the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    The Source is written by a British general in 1973, which fought in both wars. The general praises Haig for winning the war, 'resistance was broken, mainly by the courage and resolution of Haig's armies, which had complete confidence in the leadership of their Commander'.

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    Chamberlain called this Plan Z. * On September 15 Neville Chamberlain flew to meet Hitler at Berchtesgaden and agreed to his demands. He returned to Britain and persuaded Edouard Daladier the French Prime Minister of the need to support him.

  1. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    each one of them was able to sit at their desks, drafting telegrams, scheduling trains and dispatching personnel, each individual task undertaken a small step towards the massacre of thousands. Hence forth, while many bureaucrats like Eichmann maintained knowledge of what they were doing, it was careerism that drove officials forward and an eagerness to demonstrate their initiatives.

  2. To what extent were germany to blame for the outbreak of ww1

    Great Britain believed in splendid isolation as in the nineteenth century Britain tried not to get involved in European politics. This suggests that Britain didn't have that big a role in the outbreak of war, although Britain had a huge empire and regarded Russia and France as its biggest rivals.

  1. Which Country Was Most To Blame for WWII - Italy, Germany or Japan?

    This spelt bad news for smaller countries that bordered large countries. It also meant that any large countries that had treaties with smaller countries might have to fight to protect them if there was a threat of invasion. There were lots of alliances being made during the 1930s because countries

  2. What was the contribution of Britain to the defeat of Germany in WW1?

    this made it very dangerous for U-boats to attack. The most affective weapon against the U-boat was the mine which was responsible for the destruction of the U-boats. The Home front Lord Kitcheners was placed in charge of the war effort in Britain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work