• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was Lenin the key to the Bolshevik success of 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Njeri Muhia Mr. Kizito History-Russia To what extent was Lenin the key to the Bolshevik success of 1917? In 1917 Russia was in a very precarious place socially, economically and most prominently politically. It was in this same year that two revolutions took place, changing the political regime of Russia dramatically. Lenin was a major factor that contributed to the Bolshevik take over in late 1917. His decisive leadership, radical plans, as well as influence and power all were essential to the Bolshevik success, however other factors were key and integral parts of this as well, including the failures of the provisional government, involvement of Trotsky, and more. Therefore questioning how far Lenin was part of the Bolshevik take over. Lenin fore mostly, was an influential figure, his April Theses were radical, controversial but were the beginning of his widespread support by the Russians. He firstly stated that the Provisional government was to be overthrown and that Bolshevik take-over to be put in place. ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore, the urgency in which Lenin led the Bolshevik attack helped the party evade road blocks that would have slowed their progression to power, such as the meeting of the All Russian Congress of Soviets, and the elections. Basically Lenin planning, scheming and the development of such a powerful party were key reasons as to why the Bolshevik party was able to take over in 1917 without much disruption and opposition. However, Lenin is not the only reason for this, it was half his tactic, and half the failures of the provisional government and its vulnerable position of the time. The interim government was quickly losing the support of the people for various reasons. One prominent cause of this was that they were still involved in a losing war that was damaging the economy and social welfare of Russia. The war also caused a division between the provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet, the soviet which had the support of most of the working class. ...read more.

Conclusion

Trotsky managed to become a leader of the Military Revolutionary Committee and thus was able to organize, lead and mobilize the only effective military force in Petrograd. Trotsky also helped Lenin draft plans in overthrowing the Provisional government, enabling the Red Guards to go out and begin the Bolshevik take over. Without Trotsky, Lenin would not have had an inside eye and hand in Russia being capable of protecting the Bolshevik position and power in Petrograd. Lastly, because many other revolutionary had regarded the February revolution as the main revolution and had supported the Provisional government seeing as they had promised to uphold the interests of Russians, such as the Social Revolutionaries, had firstly, lost support of the population because of their support, and furthermore had no plans in uprising against the prominent Bolshevik power and presence. Therefore as much as Lenin and his leadership were real reasons in the success of the Bolsheviks in 1917, these other reasons contributed to the same. The take over of the Bolsheviks, was one that was tactical decisive, but also very lucky in terms of timing and place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    He introduced no new training methods. He underestimated supply problems, and made other errors of judgement, often because of his amazing, but acknowledged, ignorance of climatic and geographical conditions. * This led to avoidable losses in Egypt and in San Dominigue from heat and fever, from cold, snow, and mud

  2. The Significance of Lenin in the Bolshevik Revolution (1917-1923)

    not only with the Mensheviks, but also the Socialist Revolutionaries and the anarchists. Despite the slogans of the April Thesis, the Bolsheviks remained one of the smaller parties in the Soviet. One of their strengths was the formation of the Red Guards consisting of armed soldiers and workers who operated under the authority of the Bolsheviks.

  1. Why Were There Two Revolutions in Russia in 1917?

    This was supported by the fact that the Provisional Government was made up mainly of middle-class land owners. The Bolsheviks' Marxist theories told them that Russia would have to go through a long period of capitalism before their desired socialist revolution by the proletariat (working-class).

  2. To what extent was Lenin's leadership the main reason for Bolshevik success in 1917?

    The April Theses also tackled the issue of peace - or in other words, peace from WW1 which was crippling the economy of the country and causing widespread disapproval. Whilst the Mensheviks and SRs sought a policy of 'revolutionary defensism' - in which they fought defensively and encouraged peace and

  1. The Bolshevik Revolution In October-November 1917

    Using some of the cause of the Bolshevik Revolution explain how both long-term and short-term causes contributed to the Bolshevik Revolution. 2. LONG TERM: The effects of the First World War was devastating and the poor transport system did not help.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    What the examples of Vikzhel and the Tula arms workers show is that in the absence of any strong sense of unifying national purpose such as there had been right after war was declared in 1914, it had become critically important for any aspiring Russian leader to appeal to the

  1. Why were there two revolutions in Russiain 1917?

    Paul Miliukov became Foreign Minister and Alexander Kerensky the Minister of Justice, representing left- wing liberals. The general aim of this government is clear enough: to make a political revolution, not a social revolution. Yet social reform if not social revolution was necessary in the existing conditions of agrarian unrest and dissatisfaction of the industrial proletariat.

  2. Lenins leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in ...

    meant they lost support amongst the peasants and the industrial workers, which ultimately contributed significantly to the success of the Bolsheviks. The government failed to carry out land redistribution following the February Revolution, consequently they became deeply resented and many peasants seized the property of local landlords.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work