• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To What Extent Was Life Affected By The Second World War In Croydon?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To What Extent Was Life Affected By The Second World War In Croydon? "War really came to Croydon on August 15, 1940 when Croydon Airport - familiar to many German pilots from pre-war days - was attacked. It was really the first major raid on the Croydon Area"1. This was the entrance of the Second World War to Croydon and its civilians. From then on many more bombs of all kind were dropped and many civilians in Croydon were seriously injured and killed. The Second World War began in 1939 when Britain declared war on Germany. However there weren't any major attacks on each other for a good part of a year. This period was known as the Phoney or Bore war2 with neither making the first move. During this period the government recruited many civilians who were not already fighting in the war directly to help with the war effort in many ways. The Home Guard now known as Dad's Army was created. Their main job was to be the first line of defence against a foreign invasion but thankfully they were never needed. ...read more.

Middle

"There was a lack of proper lighting arrangements on the night in question and night flying in Croydon should be organised"9 was the conclusion of a court inquest done at the time. The sources, which I have used in writing this paragraph, are found in the books Surrey at war by Bob Olgey and Croydon Airport and the battle for Britain by Douglas Cluett. The books were published well after the war was finished and so the authors would have had more access to more information and archives as they would have been published well after the war as the government would of wanted to keep a lot of the information hushed up during the war. The writers also have hindsight, which is a major advantage, and there is no need to be bias or contain any inaccurate figures because the war is well finished and so morale doesn't have to be high. I can conclude using these facts that the sources are very accurate and contain a great deal of truth. On the 15th August the first bombs were dropped on Croydon on houses and factories on the Waddon estate around the airport. ...read more.

Conclusion

Anyway the airport meant bombs and this meant for the people of Croydon nights in the uncomfortable Anderson Shelters. Yes indeed life was extensively affected to the average Croydon person because of the war. 1 Courageous Croydon (newspaper article written at time) 2 Americans call it the phoney war while the British called it the bore war 3 They government feared that the cities would be the main target for an bombing raids 4 From the memoirs of J.B Gent a Child in the war who lived on Whitehorse Road from the book Croydon in the 1940's and 1950's publisher Croydon Natural History And Scientific Study 5 See Appendix One 6 Surrey at war by Bob Olgey 7 An Aircraft used during the war for the war effort 8 Croydon Airport and the Battle For Britain by Douglas Cluett 9 Report by a court from the inquest 10 Report Courageous Croydon can be found in the booklet. 11 Croydon in the 40's and 50's 12 An exhibition on the Second World War. 13 From The Memoirs of Bob Dowie 14 Results can be found in the back of Surrey at War by Bob Olgely 15 Newspaper article written at time Gajeeban Thavendran 11B History Coursework Mr Englefield ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. In what ways did the Second World War affect the lives of ordinary people ...

    He created a new style of naval warfare so the ships travelled in groups called wolf packs. These 'wolf packs' literally found an enemy vessel alerted it's associates to surround and bombarded it, hence the name. For Britain to keep the pressure on the Germans they desperately needed support with

  2. American History.

    - In education two major changes reflected the new concern for raising good citizens: (1) some northern states began using tax money to support public elementary schools and (2) schooling for girls was improved. Judith Sargent Murray was the big theorist on women's education - she claimed that men and

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    The morning of 10th August 1989 saw extremely heavy bombardment of Souq el-Gharb which was to last for until the morning of 13th August 1989, when units of the Syrian Army, Syrian Special Forces troops, Jumblatt's PSP militia, Palestinians guerrillas, and Communist Party troops launched a general assault on the town.

  2. The Second World War as a Total War

    Radio beams were introduced and minefields were used. Another example of a serious attack is the D-Day Operation in 1944. Its main objective was to liberate France from German troops, which had been there since 1940. The Overload began with a series of air attacks and decoy measures.

  1. Why did hitler bomb british cities?

    Other headlines sent out were things like 'Britain can take it', again, stating that they have it under control, and not to panic, but to keep on going. They also used quotes such as 'parliamentary business will not be interrupted by enemy action', which was a statement made by Churchill himself.

  2. A REPORT ON "The London Bombings: One Person's Experience"

    The whole interview lasted forty-five minutes, was tape recorded and then subsequently transcribed. The respondent was told to tell his views in response to what he thought of the terrorist attacks of 7/7. He played a passive role though it was necessary to probe for clarification on some points.

  1. The Battle of Britain as a turning point in the Second World War.In the ...

    He could almost do this as he had taken control of most of the main supplying countries. He just had to stop America. He used a type of submarine called a U-boat. These were fairly heavily armed and could easily sink ships.

  2. "For what reasons can it be argued that the Second World War was "Total ...

    A complete new style of fighting was introduced. It involved more weapons, more machinery, more soldiers and thus obviously more damage and deaths. For example, a new tactic that became known as Blitzkrieg, or lightening war, was introduced. Blitzkrieg used shock tactics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work