• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the US intervention responsible for the defeat of Germany in the First World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was the US intervention responsible for the defeat of Germany in the First World War When war erupted in 1914, the United States decided to remain neutral , this was the case in the early years of the war where the US played no physical role in the war, but in 1917 America did finally join the 'Great War' and in doing so played a major role in the Allies becoming victorious while Germany was defeated with even more catastrophic losses than the Allies. The title is the question we are asking ourselves here, 'Did the Allies emerge victorious, solely because of America's intervention in WWI, or were there other factors to consider?' Some points to consider are,- Germany was already beginning to weaken in 1915; The U-boat campaigns and the demoralising effect they had on soldier morale; Why America got involved; Exactly what did America's intervention meant to the Germans and Germany's defeat Less than a year after the war had started, Germany already began to find itself in trouble. Plans made by German generals for a quick war were evaporated with the failure of the Schlieffen Plan which threw Germany into trench warfare and began the long road to what was ultimately failure. By the beginning of 1915, the situation was definitely not in Germany's favour. Statistics show that Germany had 90 divisions against the 108.5 Allied on the Western front and 78.5 German divisions against 93.5 Russian on the Eastern Front. ...read more.

Middle

A year later the 'Sussex' ship was sunk again with American passengers on board, this outrages the American public saying it was a violation of their neutrality rights at sea . 'Immediate warfare' was demanded by some American public and politicians, including Teddy Roosevelt. President Woodrow Wilson did not resolve to war but issued a firm stance on the matter by increasing the size of his military and giving a strong warning to the Germans. The Germans temporarily halted submarine warfare but pretty soon it became clear that if America was going to join the war that German defeat would be inevitable. Hoping to eliminate the 'American threat', German minister Zimmerman attempted to persuade Mexico and Japan into attacking the US with promise of European land after it was conquered. The message that was sent to the Mexicans and Japanese was decoded by the British and sent to America Woodrow Wilson (left) wanted war, primarily due to hostile German warfare which sank the Lusitania and the Sussex but also the Zimmerman note. Wilson asked permission from Congress to go to war and on the 6th of April 1917, Congress finally declared war on Germany. As well as facing hardships its people were facing at home, the German soldiers morale took a further battering when the US decided to join the war. The Germans knew that America was a major world power and now was its chance to prove itself. America seemed to have limitless money and weapons which the Germans knew all too well. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the 11th of November the official armistice was signed and it officially ended the war, though the war was over a long time before America joined in. Looking at all the factors that I have mentioned, I do think that America had a large influential role in the allies becoming victorious at the end of the war but it has to be said that it wasn't solely because of the Americans that the Allies won. Germany was beginning to fade quickly even at the start of the war, as soon as 'Trench warfare' set in and with the failure of the Schlieffen Plan, it was plain to see that war wouldn't last up until Christmas (something that the British were better prepared for). I also think that the successful U-boat campaigns against the Germans by blocking German ports and not allowing food to get into Germany was also a decisive factor as it lowered German soldiers morale thus waning their performances allowing the Allies to exploit the chinks in the armour of the Germans. The replacing of one old and tired ally in the form of Russia with the new fresh American troops meant that the Allies were very lucky. The Allies were beginning to tire a great deal by this stage and war could have lasted more years yet, but with the arrival of America (who seemed to have limitless money, weapons, ships and fresh men) it seemed once again to turn in favour of the Allies and had yet another big blow to the Germans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler solely responsible for the Holocaust

    Mommsen sees Hitler as thinking about the Jews in propagandistic terms, without charting a course of action for their extermination. Instead, Mommsen believes that the implementation of the Final solution cannot solely be attributed to Hitler alone, and that the explanation lied in the 'fragmented decision making process in the

  2. To what extent did the failure of the Schlieffen Plan lead to Germany's defeat ...

    They decided to not retreat anymore and managed to break the Hindenberg line. By August of 1918, the Germans were weakened and hugely demoralised after many failed offensives, huge casualties and economical collapse in Germany. For the first time in four years, the German troops began to surrender without resistance

  1. Free essay

    Do you consider military intervention in Africa as successful? Focus on the policies in ...

    This third section evaluates those interventions many argue are partially successful. Some operations have been judged to be partially successful because they produce significant positive outcomes or certain elements of the intervention were successful. However, these elements of success do not overcome the overall the failure.

  2. To What extent was the German Government responsible for the outbreak of the First ...

    This reinforces the claim that Alliances escalated small conflicts into world-wide competition. Historians suggest that alliances made violence almost inevitable and comment that without them, international squabbles would never have led to such a catastrophic war. For instance Germany's aggression in Morocco was an attempt to display Germany as a more necessary and influential ally than Britain.

  1. To what extent was Germany responsible for the outbreak of World War One?

    its name from its author, Alfred Graf von Schlieffen (1833 - 1913). Schlieffen argued that if war took place it was vital that France was defeated and as quickly as possible. If this happened, Britain and Russia would be unwilling to carry on fighting.

  2. America's Intervention on Mexico

    Francisco Madero became the president of Mexico in the country's first "democratic election in 30 years' (Chronology, Mexican Revolution 1910-1920). The election placed America into a state of paranoia and fear due to the assumption that Madero would not protect the America's investments.

  1. Why did Germany lose the First World War in 1918?

    Not only did the Allies eventually possess greater numbers than the Germans, and they were better trained, they also advanced technologically at a greater speed.

  2. Was the Battleof Britain a turning point in the defeat of German in World ...

    against 4British divisions. The Blitz began on the7th of September, so marking the end of the Battle of Britain, and the beginning of the bombing raids on London. The Battle of Britain, as Hitler's first defeat, would be considered as changing the course of History.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work