• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...


To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War? The cold war has always been considered as being a political and economical conflict between the United States of America and USSR. This statement is true but it is important to understand the basis of this conflict after the Second World War. The United States and Soviet Union, the single most important rivalry of the 20th Century, started as a partnership because of the fear for the spread of Nazism. Once Hitler was eliminated and the war came to an end, the tension began to rise. Therefore it is vital to consider a European Dimension to the cold war given the fact that it all started in Europe after WW2. The Alliance between USA and USSR was necessary although the two had completely different ideological theories. Generally speaking, Stalin's goal was to acquire as much territory as possible in order to form satellite territories since Stalin felt threatened from the Western allies. Suspicion within the allied powers (United Kingdom, France and USA) towards USSR grew as time passed by after the war. ...read more.


In its later stages it was called "containment" and was aimed at blocking Communist expansion anywhere in the world. On the other hand, In October 1947 the Soviet Union arranged a meeting in Poland for the Communist parties of nine countries: USSR, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, France, and Italy. At this meeting the Cominform was founded, ostensibly as a house for information of common concern, but in reality as an instrument of Stalin's policy, particularly in Yugoslavia, where the Communist leader Tito was adopting independent policies. By 1948 communism prevailed in Czechoslovakia which then in reality turned in to a Soviet Satellite state. The most significant event of the years just after WW2 was the Berlin Blockade. In June of 1948, Stalin ordered the blockade of West Berlin's roads and railways. There was no way of travelling by land into the city. The only access to West Berlin was through a 20-mile wide air corridor. The USA decided that it did not want to give up West Berlin. As a part of the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift moved enough goods into West Berlin over 320 days to entirely support the economy of the city. ...read more.


By 1950 the siege of Berlin had ended and Stalin agreed to support China's desire to move south. North Korea was aided by China and Russia in its attack against South Korea which was aided by USA. The war ended without any real victory. North Korea eventually withdrew from the southern state. The war was a fight for containment by the USA even though the American government did not want to invade a Communist country for fear of retaliation by the Soviets or the Chinese. In 1953, Stalin's death marked a temporary thaw to the cold war and eventually the relaxation of political and economical controls led the eastern Europeans to demand for more freedom. The next year, Khrushchev denounced Stalin's policies. In addition, as was noted in the beginning of the essay, it is essential to categorize the war between USA and USSR as being mostly based on European grounds. It was a game of war played on a European board which then eventually converted into a global dimension. All of the events, which occurred in the years just after the Second World War, are of vital correlation to the cold war since the events themselves are actually the war itself. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How far do you agree that the Cold War broke out in Europe because ...

    4 star(s)

    The aid would allow European countries to stop relying on the USA, and hence rivalled the USA openly and directly. The Molotov Plan eventually led to the formation of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance(COMECON). This proved of importance to the cause of the Cold War, as the USA felt

  2. China's relationship with the West

    'Royal parks by-laws prohibit and kind of demonstration without government permission'. Scotland Yard denied that demonstrations were forbidden in accordance with Chinese sensibilities, although it was admitted that the Foreign Office had been involved in discussions on the policing. It was confirmed by a government spokesman in Beijing that any

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    a coalition government in China with Chiang Kaishek assuming a position of leadership. Although some of Roosevelt's aides were skeptical of the agreements made, most came back confident that they had succeeded in laying a basis for continued partnership. As Harry Hopkins later recalled, "we really believed in our hearts

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    In the words of the Soviet foreign minister Molotov, the Marshall plan was "nothing but a vicious American scheme for using dollars to buy its way."(14) In the end, the United States sent 13 billion over to Western Europe to support economic recovery.(15)

  1. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    Deng promised that everyone should have at least a primary school education, he recognised that there were to many illiterate people. Socially, Deng wanted China to remain communist, but he also wanted China to change its view of other countries and how they saw China.

  2. A Study of Air Supremacy in the Korean War.

    By contrast, there were 445 MiGs in 1951. At the end of the war there were thousands. Two things gave American forces the advantage to win and maintain air superiority: outstanding airmanship combined with well-executed tactics, and superb aircraft.30 The war produced 40 American aces.

  1. How True is it to say that the period 1953-1962 saw a relaxation of ...

    The note meant that if the USA refused to recognise the DDR, the USSR would no longer control rights of movement, forcing the USA to have direct relations with the DDR. This would obviously render the Western policy of refusing to view the DDR as a sovereign power impractical.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    During the last month of his life, Hobeika was extremely distraught due to the steadily escalating measures taken against him by the Syrian-backed regime in Beirut and became wildly paranoid. During the funeral of a close ally and confidante, former MP Jean Ghanem, who died on January 14 from injuries

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work