• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War? The cold war has always been considered as being a political and economical conflict between the United States of America and USSR. This statement is true but it is important to understand the basis of this conflict after the Second World War. The United States and Soviet Union, the single most important rivalry of the 20th Century, started as a partnership because of the fear for the spread of Nazism. Once Hitler was eliminated and the war came to an end, the tension began to rise. Therefore it is vital to consider a European Dimension to the cold war given the fact that it all started in Europe after WW2. The Alliance between USA and USSR was necessary although the two had completely different ideological theories. Generally speaking, Stalin's goal was to acquire as much territory as possible in order to form satellite territories since Stalin felt threatened from the Western allies. Suspicion within the allied powers (United Kingdom, France and USA) towards USSR grew as time passed by after the war. ...read more.

Middle

In its later stages it was called "containment" and was aimed at blocking Communist expansion anywhere in the world. On the other hand, In October 1947 the Soviet Union arranged a meeting in Poland for the Communist parties of nine countries: USSR, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, France, and Italy. At this meeting the Cominform was founded, ostensibly as a house for information of common concern, but in reality as an instrument of Stalin's policy, particularly in Yugoslavia, where the Communist leader Tito was adopting independent policies. By 1948 communism prevailed in Czechoslovakia which then in reality turned in to a Soviet Satellite state. The most significant event of the years just after WW2 was the Berlin Blockade. In June of 1948, Stalin ordered the blockade of West Berlin's roads and railways. There was no way of travelling by land into the city. The only access to West Berlin was through a 20-mile wide air corridor. The USA decided that it did not want to give up West Berlin. As a part of the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift moved enough goods into West Berlin over 320 days to entirely support the economy of the city. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1950 the siege of Berlin had ended and Stalin agreed to support China's desire to move south. North Korea was aided by China and Russia in its attack against South Korea which was aided by USA. The war ended without any real victory. North Korea eventually withdrew from the southern state. The war was a fight for containment by the USA even though the American government did not want to invade a Communist country for fear of retaliation by the Soviets or the Chinese. In 1953, Stalin's death marked a temporary thaw to the cold war and eventually the relaxation of political and economical controls led the eastern Europeans to demand for more freedom. The next year, Khrushchev denounced Stalin's policies. In addition, as was noted in the beginning of the essay, it is essential to categorize the war between USA and USSR as being mostly based on European grounds. It was a game of war played on a European board which then eventually converted into a global dimension. All of the events, which occurred in the years just after the Second World War, are of vital correlation to the cold war since the events themselves are actually the war itself. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How far do you agree that the Cold War broke out in Europe because ...

    4 star(s)

    that the USSR's refusal to participate exhibited their hostility and accentuated mistrust among the two nations. It also signified a start of Soviet insurgence physically against the USA. Also, Stalin considered it essential to destroy Germany's capacity for another war, which directly clashed with the US desire to rebuild Germany as the economic centre of a stable Europe.

  2. China's relationship with the West

    'Royal parks by-laws prohibit and kind of demonstration without government permission'. Scotland Yard denied that demonstrations were forbidden in accordance with Chinese sensibilities, although it was admitted that the Foreign Office had been involved in discussions on the policing. It was confirmed by a government spokesman in Beijing that any

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Thus, as propaganda this book increased the general anticommunist attitude of the American public.(20) Moreover, Hollywood began to produce anti-Communist films such as The Red Menace, which increased a fear of communism in the United States.(21) Thus, the actions of the American government, journalist, and media increased the general anti-Communist support for the Cold War.

  2. Why did Mao Zedong introduce a second five year plan in 1958 and to ...

    He made China more accessible through buying and selling. China became more up to date and began to allow other political parties, but only those that didn't threaten communism. With Mao anyone suspected of not being a fully-fledged communist was sent away, tortured or even killed.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    how to resolve the dilemmas of making peace, occupying conquered territory, and defining postwar responsibilities. Inevitably, each issue became inextricably bound to the others, posing problems of statecraft and good faith that perhaps went beyond the capacity of any mortal to solve.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    have documents and tapes that proved he was not in the vicinity of the camps at the time. In a secret meeting in Beirut with two visiting Belgian senators on January 22nd 2002, Hobeika reportedly informed them that he feared for his life.

  1. How True is it to say that the period 1953-1962 saw a relaxation of ...

    Problems developed as the Russians seemed to be trying to drain the Soviet sector of resources whilst the three Western powers were trying to rebuild their zones of occupation. However, the Austrian state treaty of May 1955 meant that Austria did not become a divided nation.

  2. History of the United States

    and to veto legislation aimed at protecting the civil rights of former slaves (see CIVIL RIGHTS ACTS). In the congressional election of 1866 a huge majority of Republicans was elected, and the Radicals gained a precarious ascendancy. Senator Charles SUMNER of Massachusetts and Representative Thaddeus STEVENS (New England-born)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work