• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was there a European Dimension to the Cold War? The cold war has always been considered as being a political and economical conflict between the United States of America and USSR. This statement is true but it is important to understand the basis of this conflict after the Second World War. The United States and Soviet Union, the single most important rivalry of the 20th Century, started as a partnership because of the fear for the spread of Nazism. Once Hitler was eliminated and the war came to an end, the tension began to rise. Therefore it is vital to consider a European Dimension to the cold war given the fact that it all started in Europe after WW2. The Alliance between USA and USSR was necessary although the two had completely different ideological theories. Generally speaking, Stalin's goal was to acquire as much territory as possible in order to form satellite territories since Stalin felt threatened from the Western allies. Suspicion within the allied powers (United Kingdom, France and USA) towards USSR grew as time passed by after the war. ...read more.

Middle

In its later stages it was called "containment" and was aimed at blocking Communist expansion anywhere in the world. On the other hand, In October 1947 the Soviet Union arranged a meeting in Poland for the Communist parties of nine countries: USSR, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Yugoslavia, France, and Italy. At this meeting the Cominform was founded, ostensibly as a house for information of common concern, but in reality as an instrument of Stalin's policy, particularly in Yugoslavia, where the Communist leader Tito was adopting independent policies. By 1948 communism prevailed in Czechoslovakia which then in reality turned in to a Soviet Satellite state. The most significant event of the years just after WW2 was the Berlin Blockade. In June of 1948, Stalin ordered the blockade of West Berlin's roads and railways. There was no way of travelling by land into the city. The only access to West Berlin was through a 20-mile wide air corridor. The USA decided that it did not want to give up West Berlin. As a part of the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift moved enough goods into West Berlin over 320 days to entirely support the economy of the city. ...read more.

Conclusion

By 1950 the siege of Berlin had ended and Stalin agreed to support China's desire to move south. North Korea was aided by China and Russia in its attack against South Korea which was aided by USA. The war ended without any real victory. North Korea eventually withdrew from the southern state. The war was a fight for containment by the USA even though the American government did not want to invade a Communist country for fear of retaliation by the Soviets or the Chinese. In 1953, Stalin's death marked a temporary thaw to the cold war and eventually the relaxation of political and economical controls led the eastern Europeans to demand for more freedom. The next year, Khrushchev denounced Stalin's policies. In addition, as was noted in the beginning of the essay, it is essential to categorize the war between USA and USSR as being mostly based on European grounds. It was a game of war played on a European board which then eventually converted into a global dimension. All of the events, which occurred in the years just after the Second World War, are of vital correlation to the cold war since the events themselves are actually the war itself. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How far do you agree that the Cold War broke out in Europe because ...

    4 star(s)

    The USSR then uprooted and shipped the majority of the heavy industry in Germany. The West viewed these developments as violations of those nations' basic rights and a clear disregard of the Yalta agreement, which clearly specified the splitting of Germany into four occupied zones, with only one under the USSR.

  2. China's relationship with the West

    'Royal parks by-laws prohibit and kind of demonstration without government permission'. Scotland Yard denied that demonstrations were forbidden in accordance with Chinese sensibilities, although it was admitted that the Foreign Office had been involved in discussions on the policing. It was confirmed by a government spokesman in Beijing that any

  1. Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill Focusing on his Political Career

    The nation took him to its heart and they became one in "their finest hour". Winston Churchill was able to persuade the President Franklin D. Roosevelt to supply military and economic aid to Britain through the lend-lease programme. His famous saying " give us the tools and we will finish

  2. History of the United States

    30, 1945, with the Soviet troops just a few miles from Berlin, Hitler committed suicide. Peace in Europe followed shortly. The Pacific war continued, the Japanese home islands being rendered practically defenseless by July 1945. American aerial attacks burned out city after city.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    their deep mistrust of each other's motivations and systems of government, but also by a significantly different emphasis on what should constitute the major rationale for fighting the war. 1.2 Causes and Interpretations. Any historian who studies the Cold War must come to grips with a series of questions, which, even if unanswerable in a definitive fashion, nevertheless compel examination.

  2. A Study of Air Supremacy in the Korean War.

    13 The rest were evacuated by ship. One of the continuing problems was the lack of deep-water harbors. For that reason airlift took on even a more important role in delivering the tonnage necessary for air operations and supporting the ground troops. At the outset, U.S. Army troops were flown into action to stop the North Korean advance, where they succeeded in August of 1950 at Pusan.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    On June 4, IDF aircraft bombed Palestinian targets in West Beirut, and the PLO resumed artillery fire on Israeli settlements in the northern Galilee. The Israeli cabinet convened and voted to authorize an invasion, named Operation Peace for Galilee, but it set strict limits on the extent of the incursion.

  2. The Cold War was the result of Stalin adopting a policy contrary to the ...

    Although "Lend-Lease" was granted to Russia, bringing in arms, foods and raw materials, a requested loan of $6000 million could not be agreed on due to the conflicts with the interest rate. Before the war, the US government was inexperienced and rather perplexed on how to deal with Soviet Russia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work