• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Up to the end of 1942 Germany was usually successful on the Battlefield and was generally advancing. From the beginning of 1943 Germany was usually unsuccessful and was generally retreating. Explain why this change happened.

Extracts from this document...


Up to the end of 1942 Germany was usually successful on the Battlefield and was generally advancing. From the beginning of 1943 Germany was usually unsuccessful and was generally retreating. Explain why this change happened. In the years 1939 to 1942 Hitler was the supreme power in the world. He had conquered virtually all of Eastern Europe and looked like he was about to do the same to Russia. Hitler had everything that he wanted, while making very few mistakes. Then at the very end of 1942 Hitler started to make bigger mistakes, and his older ones started to catch up with him. Germany had some very good tactics in 1939 - 1942, and she used them very effectively. Germany also had had at least three more years than anyone else had in the world to rearm; this was a huge advantage in the course of things. Another reason that Germany had such a big success was because it had the advantage of surprise in some places and in others just superior tactics and a better-armed army. There was a distinct change in the way that Germany went about the war, at the end of 1942 and the beginning of 1943. After 1942 Germany started to falter. ...read more.


Both of these reasons are good ones and worked up to the end of 1942, but after that the War began to change. It became more of a fair fight, as the Allies armies' began to catch up in size with their Axis counterparts. Also the Allies began to realize what the German tactics were, and they found ways to counter the effectiveness of these tactics. Hitler also made some stupid mistakes before 1943 that did not help him win the War. The Axis' first major mistake was to have a war on more than one front. The whole idea of blitzkrieg was so that he would not have to have a war on more than one front. This is what he accused the Kaiser of doing in the First World War, and this is what he thought lost World War I for them. In August 1939 Ribbentrop (German Foreign Secretary) and Molotov (Russian Foreign Secretary) signed the Russian-Soviet non-aggression pact, with the secret protocol ensured a forth partition of Poland. This was to ensure that Hitler would not have to worry about Russia for a while, so that he could concentrate on other things. But on the 25th August 1939 the British and Polish Governments signed the Anglo-Polish treaty. ...read more.


Also because Blitzkrieg relied on being so fast that your enemies are taken by surprise, it would need good roads and communications systems to work. In Russia they just did not have these things. This meant that the speed of the German army was cut down by nearly half, and so the Russians knew that they were coming and therefore could plan ahead to keep the Germans back. By 1943, the Allies had had a chance to catch up with German War Production. This meant that they now had better weapons and tactics than they did in 1939. They now knew what the Germans were capable of and so could now plan against it. This meant that when America joined the War the Allies had a huge advantage. The most powerful country in the world had just joined the allies' side, bringing almost an unlimited supply of men arms and technology. They also brought with them a huge moral boast, for the Allies had been thinking that the War might have been all over for them, but when the Americans came with their men and weapons the Allies suddenly thought that they had a clear shot at victory. This is why the allies started to win the war after 1943, and also because the Germans were bled on the battle fields in Russia. James Sandberg History Coursework 25/04/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    The soldiers were the ones which had to go over no man's land and carry out his stupid strategies, not the generals so they had reason to hate him; the fact that this source is written be a general makes it biased.

  2. American History.

    This foreign policy stuff sure isn't easy, Mr. Madison. *The War of 1812* - Even though the US military situation certainly left something to be desired, by 1812, war seemed almost inevitable due to constant violation of US rights in the seas.

  1. To what extent did Britain's relation with her allies change during World War II

    They were optimistic that USSR and USA would both enter the war and a "Grand Alliance" would be formed. However, the three countries could not have been more contrasted in their ideology. USSR, as a communist state, had no free elections, no freedom of speech with the entire population working under the state.

  2. The German surrender at Stalingrad, February 1943 Sources Question

    However the source has its limitations, such as it is only one persons point of view, yet saying that the cartoon is drawn by David Low, who was a very capable political cartoonist and was very accurate at sensing the mood of the British people.

  1. How important was Haig's tactics on the Western Front in bringing an end to ...

    Obviously, this would suggest a disadvantage in that he would not know what conditions and circumstances he'd be sending his men into. However, it was known that Haig was not a very good at oral communication, so it could be argued that his Officers sending out the message to the men on the frontline would possibly make his intentions clearer.

  2. Why did Germany lose the war?

    They did this by not only adding more troops and supplying better equipment, more importantly their arrival boosted Allied morale and spurred them on to one last effort to defeat Germany. There are many reasons to why Germany lost the war.

  1. World War Two broke out on the 3rd September 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded ...

    The 'careless talk costs lives' campaign proved to be very successful; as well as becoming a popular catchphrase for WW2, it also raised awareness of this extremely important subject. Shocking images, such as the 'WANTED FOR MURDER' poster above, were used to damn anyone who was not cautious enough to

  2. In Poland in 1939, and in Western Europe in 1940, the German army defeated ...

    They had dated tactics and equipment. An example of this was that the Poles attacked the Panzer divisions with cavalry, who were equipped with swords and lances, thinking that the tanks were wood and canvas fakes! To demoralise the Poles even more, the Germans completely flattened their capital city, Warsaw, with extensive bombing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work