• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Up to the end of 1942 Germany was usually successful on the Battlefield and was generally advancing. From the beginning of 1943 Germany was usually unsuccessful and was generally retreating. Explain why this change happened.

Extracts from this document...


Up to the end of 1942 Germany was usually successful on the Battlefield and was generally advancing. From the beginning of 1943 Germany was usually unsuccessful and was generally retreating. Explain why this change happened. In the years 1939 to 1942 Hitler was the supreme power in the world. He had conquered virtually all of Eastern Europe and looked like he was about to do the same to Russia. Hitler had everything that he wanted, while making very few mistakes. Then at the very end of 1942 Hitler started to make bigger mistakes, and his older ones started to catch up with him. Germany had some very good tactics in 1939 - 1942, and she used them very effectively. Germany also had had at least three more years than anyone else had in the world to rearm; this was a huge advantage in the course of things. Another reason that Germany had such a big success was because it had the advantage of surprise in some places and in others just superior tactics and a better-armed army. There was a distinct change in the way that Germany went about the war, at the end of 1942 and the beginning of 1943. After 1942 Germany started to falter. ...read more.


Both of these reasons are good ones and worked up to the end of 1942, but after that the War began to change. It became more of a fair fight, as the Allies armies' began to catch up in size with their Axis counterparts. Also the Allies began to realize what the German tactics were, and they found ways to counter the effectiveness of these tactics. Hitler also made some stupid mistakes before 1943 that did not help him win the War. The Axis' first major mistake was to have a war on more than one front. The whole idea of blitzkrieg was so that he would not have to have a war on more than one front. This is what he accused the Kaiser of doing in the First World War, and this is what he thought lost World War I for them. In August 1939 Ribbentrop (German Foreign Secretary) and Molotov (Russian Foreign Secretary) signed the Russian-Soviet non-aggression pact, with the secret protocol ensured a forth partition of Poland. This was to ensure that Hitler would not have to worry about Russia for a while, so that he could concentrate on other things. But on the 25th August 1939 the British and Polish Governments signed the Anglo-Polish treaty. ...read more.


Also because Blitzkrieg relied on being so fast that your enemies are taken by surprise, it would need good roads and communications systems to work. In Russia they just did not have these things. This meant that the speed of the German army was cut down by nearly half, and so the Russians knew that they were coming and therefore could plan ahead to keep the Germans back. By 1943, the Allies had had a chance to catch up with German War Production. This meant that they now had better weapons and tactics than they did in 1939. They now knew what the Germans were capable of and so could now plan against it. This meant that when America joined the War the Allies had a huge advantage. The most powerful country in the world had just joined the allies' side, bringing almost an unlimited supply of men arms and technology. They also brought with them a huge moral boast, for the Allies had been thinking that the War might have been all over for them, but when the Americans came with their men and weapons the Allies suddenly thought that they had a clear shot at victory. This is why the allies started to win the war after 1943, and also because the Germans were bled on the battle fields in Russia. James Sandberg History Coursework 25/04/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    The soldiers were the ones which had to go over no man's land and carry out his stupid strategies, not the generals so they had reason to hate him; the fact that this source is written be a general makes it biased.

  2. American History.

    So Clay proposed a second compromise in 1821 - Missouri wouldn't discriminate against citizens of other states. Once admitted to the Union, Missouri ignored the compromise, but for the short term conflict had once again been avoided. *Foreign Policy During the Monroe Administration* - Foreign policy during this period was

  1. The German surrender at Stalingrad, February 1943 Sources Question

    This source says that 'the sacrifice of the army was not in vain' and that they were brave as they 'fought shoulder to shoulder to their last bullet.' However Source F has a different interpretation of Stalingrad, it states that it was 'the greatest military and political event of the

  2. World War Two broke out on the 3rd September 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded ...

    3rd September 1939.Two days before, evacuation had begun in preparation for the German bomber attacks that Britain was expecting, although in a Ministerial broadcast the previous evening the Minster of Health, Mr Walter Elliot, explained that the evacuation was only a precaution.

  1. To what extent did Britain's relation with her allies change during World War II

    Hitler launched "Operation Sealion" but seemingly was more interested in a future war against Russia. Whilst Britain began the Battle of Britain, Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden began a search for allies so they could move from a defensive position into an offensive position.

  2. Americans in South Norfolk and North Suffolk: presence and legacy, 1942- present day.

    An example of this was when families invited G.Is from surrounding bases around for tea or Sunday dinner. Even though we had been harshly rationed to very little meat, sugar and vegetables, amongst other things, per week people still had the decency to invite around G.Is.

  1. In Poland In 1939 and in Western Europe in 1940, the German army defeated ...

    Stuka dive-bombers would then blow up enemy defence points to make way for the main surge of tanks and infantry. All this would be done at great speed and thorough planning would be made before hand. Although planes and tanks were used in the 1st war, their role and design had changed considerably.

  2. "When France surrendered in June 1940, Britain was the only European country holding out ...

    The British-operated Hurricane and Spitfire aircraft proved to be more superior to German equivalents and more strongly built, which gave the British advantages in combat. The RAF also had the secret weapon of RADAR, which the Luftwaffe was unaware of.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work