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Using these four passages and your own knowledge, asses the view that the US policy of Marshall in 1947 was motivated mainly by the altruistic desire to help the economic recovery of Europe

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Introduction

Using these four passages and your own knowledge, asses the view that the US policy of Marshall in 1947 was motivated mainly by the altruistic desire to help the economic recovery of Europe. The situation in Europe after the Second World War was truly desperate; many states were in ruins due to the devastation that caused unimaginable poverty and distress. At the surface, the US's plans to help Europe through the Marshall Plan are altruistic; however, looking deeper, the benefits that the US receives are high and rewarding. So much so, that it could be construed that the US had ulterior motives within their altruistic attempt on rebuilding the European Economy and thus benefiting themselves. During the interwar period, the US had based its foreign affairs on a "policy of glorious isolationism" - a policy that would have separated the US from the affairs of the world that did not concern them. At the end of the Second World War, the US's view had changed considerably in that they now wanted to help the European Community through 'the offer of aid through Marshall's new programme...'1 it was 'made available to all European countries without distinction,'2 making it seem that the US were being all inclusive within their scheme to help. ...read more.

Middle

and help American farmers and businessmen threatened by falling domestic demand after the end of the war'13 Thus showing that the US was providing them with the economic prosperity to keep money flowing through the American economy. The US would also benefit through creating a 'strong Europe'14 in that then they could relieve the tension between France and Germany - 'France's desperate need for German reparations would be replaced by Us credits, and the marrying of the French and German economies would reduce French fears of German economic power.'15 As well as helping the Germans after the state it was left in, the French (who at this point were demanding war reparations from Germany for the devastation across their lands), were being helped by the US and thus alleviating their frustration. The author of the source would have been looking in at the situation as opposed to focusing solely upon the Marshall Aid. However, even though a lack of focus upon the aid itself is present, the events around it add up to what inevitably caused the war. Therefore, Source B indicates that the Marshall Aid was a factor. McCauley, an English University lecturer poses no biased threat to the presentation of the source in that he appears to both study and research the USSR and the USA. ...read more.

Conclusion

3 Interpretation D, From: Tony Judt, Post war, A History of Europe Since 1945, published in 2005. 4 Interpretation D, From: Tony Judt, Post war, A History of Europe Since 1945, published in 2005. 5 From: Martin McCauley, Origins of the Cold War1941 - 1949 Third Edition, published 2003. 6 From: Jeremy Isaacs, Cold War, published in,1998 7 From: Jeremy Isaacs, Cold War, published in, 1998 8 From: http://www.johndclare.net/EC9.htm 9 From: http://www.johndclare.net/EC9.htm 10 From: Jeremy Isaacs, Cold War, published in,1998 11 Interpretation D, From: Tony Judt, Post war, A History of Europe Since 1945, published in 2005. 12 Interpretation D, From: Tony Judt, Post war, A History of Europe Since 1945, published in 2005. 13 From: Martin McCauley, Origins of the Cold War1941 - 1949 Third Edition, published in 2003. 14 Interpretation B, From: Martin McCauley, Origins of the Cold, published in 1983. 15 Interpretation B, From: Martin McCauley, Origins of the Cold, published in 1983. 16 Interpretation A: From: Michael Balfour, The Adversaries, published in 1981. 17 Interpretation A: From: Michael Balfour, The Adversaries, published in 1981. 18 Interpretation A: From: Michael Balfour, The Adversaries, published in 1981. 19 Interpretation A: From: Michael Balfour, The Adversaries, published in 1981. 20 Interpretation B: From: Martin McCauley, The Origins of the Cold War, published in 1983. 21 Interpretation C: From: J. L. Gaddis, The Cold War, published in 2003. ?? ?? ?? ?? Liam Fuller 2 ...read more.

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This is a balanced and well written response that combines the source material with a good level of knowledge and shows awareness of provenance. To make the overall argument stronger, the author could have explained how financially stable states would have been less at risk of communist takeover.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 10/04/2013

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